Xem 1-20 trên 47 kết quả Intention of regulation
  • Inadvertent fetal exposure to contraceptive hormones is common, with a USA study estimating that approximately 70 000 fetuses are exposed to oral contraceptives annually.23 Most of the data on fetal outcomes relate to COC. The CEU found no studies that specifically assessed exposure through quick starting contraception. Studies are often limited by their observational nature, potential confounding factors and small sample size. Reassuringly there have been no consistent findings of specific fetal abnormalities.

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  • Brazil’s capital market remains focused on short term instruments. Most financial contracts among residents are indexed to the overnight interest rate, although there has been a gradual trend towards increasing duration in the recent years. This largely short term structure reflects long-standing fundamental factors, including a legacy of past high inflation that typically is associated with a more short–term focus for investing.

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  • ne of the difficulties of maintaining a large network of battery-powered, wire- less nodes is that failures are frequent. Sometimes these failures are fail-fast: for example, a node’s battery dies and it stops reporting readings. At other times, however, these failures are more insidious: a node’s readings slowly drift away from those of sensors around it, until they are mean- ingless or useless. Of course, there are times when such de-correlated readings actually represent an interesting, highly localized event (i.e., an outlier).

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  • Are there countries in which the gender-based division of labor or disparities in resources or power between males and females are so small as to have minimal implications for human well-being, economic growth, and poverty reduction? We examine this issue here. To preview our conclusion: although some countries have more numerous or extreme gender disparities or forms of female (or male) disadvantage than others, no country is entirely free of the gender patterns that we know to be harmful for development and the improved well-being of the population.

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  • The main descriptive analysis rates were calculated by using interpolated and extrapolated Census Usually Resident population data from 1996, 2001, and 2006. Rates for 2008 and 2007 (with 2007 being the transition year, on the basis of the gradual implementation of interventions) were compared with the average annual rates for 2 baseline periods (1997–2001 and 2002–2006). For the longer time-trend analysis, rates were calculated by using mid-year population estimates derived by Statistics New Zealand (20).

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  • As treatment continues, the need to explain the importance of follow-up sputum exams will become more of a priority. As the patient feels better, it is also important to convince the patient that it is important to continue treatment and very dangerous to stop. When the health care worker meets with the patient, the first few minutes should be spent checking to see if the patient remembers the information that was previously discussed regarding treatment of tuberculosis.

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  • Processing of the 2010 RDHS data began as soon as questionnaires were received from the field. Completed questionnaires were returned from the field to NISR headquarters, where they were entered and edited by data processing personnel who were specially trained for this task, and who had also attended the questionnaire training of field staff. Processing the data concurrently with data collection allowed for regular monitoring of team performance and data quality. Field check tables were regularly generated during data processing to check various data quality parameters.

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  • The WHO/HAI methodology for measuring medicine prices relies on data that are collected through visits to medicines outlets in the public sector, the private sector and any other sectors that serve as important medicine dispensing points (e.g. NGOs, mission hospitals). For each medicine included in the survey (a standard “basket” of 50 medicines is recommended), information on the final price of both the originator brand and the lowest-priced generic equivalent found at each medicine outlet is sought.

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  • Water-related diseases continue to posemajor threats to children’s survival and well-being inmany places in the developing world.This article develops a theoretical perspective on the ways in which children’s vulnerability to water-related disease hazard is produced within the everyday circumstances of livelihood and child care. Central to this analysis is the role that household resources play in mediating or shaping particular microenvironments of health risk.

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  • Cancers of the endometrium, ovary and cervix share certain characteristics. However, etio-pathogenesis of all the gynecological malignancies is yet to be explored. Even though the etiologic factors are generally environmental, the exact cause of each gynecological cancer is not known (Senate Community Affairs References Committee, Commonwealth of Australia, 2006). Worldwide, cancer incidence rates vary widely between different geographic regions and ethnic groups.

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  • Central to any policy discussion of regulating food advertising to children is an understanding of the nature of children’s comprehension of advertising. Numerous studies have documented that young children have little understanding of the persuasive intent of advertising (Strassburger, 2001; Kunkel, 1995; John, 1999). Young children are easily exploited because they do not understand that commercials are designed to sell products and because they do not yet possess the cognitive ability to comprehend or evaluate advertising.

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  • Addiction has appeared on the movie screen since Edison's earliest films (Starks, 1982); however, the now familiar images of modem institutional treatment did not appear until the late 1980s. After a decade of American cultural backlash against addicts and drug treatment during the years of the Reagan administration, public opinion seemed to shift throughout the 1990s toward encouraging people with substance-abuse problems to get help (White, 1998). Since that time, Hollywood has released several works with narratives focused on institutional treatment of addiction....

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  • Food consumption research suggests that widowhood confers potentially negative effects on food intake through weight change, increased adverse health outcomes, including depression, and diminished “nutritional self-management”, leading to changes in dietary behaviour and food intakes.86,87 This is particularly evident among men over the age of 7540,65,78,88 with low incomes.89 Indeed, there is a strong relation between living alone and dietary intakes among men,80,88-90 but these findings have not been consistent91,92 and are even less so among women.

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  • We can best understand the importance of these classifications by making two simple distinctions. The first is between ‘popular’ and ‘art’ cinema. The massive popular audience in India is hungry for cheap entertainment and this is what cinema has provided. This audience, which includes a significant proportion of people with limited access to education, enjoys universal genres such as action, comedy and melodrama and more specifically ‘Indian’ stories with spiritual/mythological themes.

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  • hing for. For instance, despite Vietnam’s growing allure as a vacation destination, visitors to sites Bonanza or botnet? Next time you search for a celebrity photo or “how to” hint, pay special attention to the top-level domains (TLDs), the last few characters at the end of the URL in the search results. In this year’s Mapping the Mal Web study, McAfee found that web risk climbed to a record 6.2% of more than 27 million live domains we evaluated for this report. If users don’t click with care, simply viewing a page can return much more than they bargained for.

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  • King, Heywood and others foresee the potential for further improvements in new car fuel economy, up to a 50% reduction in L/100 km by 2030-2035, mainly through the wider penetration of technolo- gies leading up to, and including, fully hybridized vehicles. The introduction of grid-connected bat- tery electric vehicles (probably first as “plug-in” hy- brids) would also contribute to efficiency improve- ment (in addition to fuel shifts toward electricity), assuming sustained progress in battery technol- ogy.

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  • To understand how species became extinct millions of years ago, biologists can get clues from extinctions that have taken place over the past few centuries. When Dutch explorers arrived on Mauritius in the 1600s, for example, they killed dodos for food or sport. They also inadvertently introduced the first rats to Mau- ritius, which then proceeded to eat the eggs of the dodos. As adult and young dodos alike were killed, the population shrank until only a single dodo was left. When it died, the species was gone forever.

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  • The development of a strategy involves the selection of a coherent set of measures which, taken together, will reduce the emissions of transport pollutants. These measures can be technology-oriented, targeting the vehicles and fuels used and maintenance practices within the sector, or they can be behavioural, seeking to reduce (or prevent increases in) the amount of activity of the most polluting vehicles.

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  • Our methodology is based on a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) calibrated model augmented with endogenous market structures in line with recent developments in the macroeconomic literature (see Etro, 2009, for a survey). This model is perturbed with a realistic structural change to the cost structure, with the purpose to study the short and long term reactions of the economy. Therefore, our methodology is based on a solid theoretical framework and provides results that can be easily replicated by economists. However, it has some limitations that we need to point out.

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  • At the ICAO Meeting, the EU successfully warded off the threat. A resolution agreed by the International civil aviation organization (ICAO) allows Europe to continue developing kerosene taxes, emission charges and aviation emission trading. British transport minister Alistair Darling hailed "a very successful result in the face of a very difficult situation" at the end of ICAO's triennial assembly in Montreal. "Attempts to restrict freedom of action...have been averted," he said.

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