Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization is a comprehensive volume on analytical techniques used in materials science for the characterization of surfaces, interfaces and thin films. This flagship volume in the Materials Characterization Series is a unique, stand-alone reference for materials science practitioners, process engineers, students and anyone with a need to know about the capabilities available in materials analysis. An encyclopedia of 50 concise articles, this book will also be a practical companion to the forthcoming books in the Series.
The surface treatment by physical method of jute fiber using air plasma was investigated. Fiber was treated by the atmospheric plasma with various conditions of power 50W and different treatment times (from 1 min to 7 min). After treatment, the characteristics of fiber changed remarkably and fiber surface observed by SEM analyze showed a better morphology for adhesion. The result showed that tensile strength and Young’s modulus of jute fiber were slightly improved, however there was a remarkable improvement interface adhesion between fibers and polypropylene (PP) resin.
This chapter describes the basic characteristics of the distributed input/output system:
• Central control by a master
• High data throughput with a simple transmission protocol
• Cyclic transmission of the process image in the input/output direction
• Simple, cost-effective attachment
• Data transmission via twisted pair (RS 485) or optical fiber
Data set weights are used to adjust for sampling and response rates, and to provide estimates of
Wisconsin’s total household population using the sample data. A new procedure for developing data set
weights was used with the 2008 Family Health Survey. The 2008 FHS sample included only landline
telephone numbers, but ever-increasing numbers of people are using only cell phones, with no landline
telephone service. Researchers are learning that the characteristics of cell-phone-only users differ from
characteristics of people who use landline telephones.
Adsorption by activated red mud (ARM) is investigated as a possible alternative to the conventional methods of Cr(VI) removal from aqueous synthetic solutions and industrial efﬂuents. Adsorption characteristics suggest the heterogenous nature of the adsorbent surface sites with respect to the energy of adsorption. Various factors such as pH, contact time, Cr(VI) concentration, amount of adsorbent, and temperature are taken into account, and promising results are obtained.
Wireless sensor networks promise an unprecedented fine-grained interface
between the virtual and physical worlds. They are one of the most rapidly developing
new information technologies, with applications in a wide range of fields
including industrial process control, security and surveillance, environmental
sensing, and structural health monitoring. This book is motivated by the urgent
need to provide a comprehensive and organized survey of the field.
Each household member records spending for the same two diary weeks, so we
must pool observations across households to study expenditures over an entire month.
Given that distance from payday is orthogonal to household characteristics, this pooling
should not bias our estimate of the relationship between distance and spending.8
We impose a number of sample restrictions. People paid weekly are excluded,
because every diary week includes a payday for these individuals.
Brain Computer Interface (BCI) technology provides a direct electronic interface and can convey messages and commands directly from the human brain to a computer. BCI technology involves monitoring conscious brain electrical activity via electroencephalogram (EEG) signals and detecting characteristics of EEG patterns via digital signal processing algorithms that the user generates to communicate.
Biomass Properties and Prediction Tools for Vegetation Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires 1.1 Overview Wildland fires are natural calamities that bring enormous environmental and economic damage worldwide and some of them cause human death. Achieving effective fire fighting is associated with the possibilities of predicting the characteristics of fire behaviour. Special attention needs to be drawn to meteorological conditions and their effect on fire spread in a bed of vegetation.
It’s been over 10 years since I was first introduced to R. Back then, I was a young
product development manager at DoubleClick, a company that sold advertising
software for managing online ad sales. I was working on inventory prediction: estimating
the number of ad impressions that could be sold for a given search term, web
page, or demographic characteristic. I wanted to play with the data myself, but we
couldn’t afford a piece of expensive software like SAS or MATLAB. I looked around
for a little while, trying to find an open-source statistics package, and stumbled on
Lecture Discovering computers fundamentals - Chapter 3 include objectives overview: Identify the four categories of application software, describe characteristics of a user interface, identify the key features of widely used business programs, identify the key features of widely used graphics and multimedia programs,...
Chapter 1: Data Warehousing presents about Basic Concepts of data warehousing; Data warehouse architectures, Some characteristics of data warehouse data, The reconciled data layer, Data transformation, The derived data layer, The user interface.
This chapter presents the following content: User-centered design, characteristics of users, the basics of user interface design, usability principles, evaluating user interfaces, implementing a simple GUI in Java, difficulties and risks in user-centered design.
Chapter 7 - Focusing on users and their tasks. In this chapter you will learn about the following: Characteristics of users that every software engineer should understand; various ways of working with users to ensure that a software system has both the required functionality and the required usability; some basic principles for the design of simple graphical user interfaces (GUIs), involving windows, menus, icons and pop-up dialogs; how to evaluate user interfaces; how to implement basic GUIs in Java.
Seven years have passed since the publication of the previous edition of this book.
During that time, sensor technologies have made a remarkable leap forward. The
sensitivity of the sensors became higher, the dimensions became smaller, the selectivity
became better, and the prices became lower. What have not changed are the
fundamental principles of the sensor design. They are still governed by the laws of
Nature. Arguably one of the greatest geniuses who ever lived, Leonardo Da Vinci,
had his own peculiar way of praying.
MIDAS/Civil is the ultimate Integrated Civil Engineering Solution for designing
bridges and general civil structures. It retains construction stage analysis
capabilities for Prestressed/Post-tensioned concrete, Suspension, Cable Stayed,
Specialty and Conventional bridges and Heat of hydration.MIDAS/Civil, developed in the object-oriented programming language Visual
C++, fully exploits the advantages and the characteristics of the 32bit Windows
environment for technical computations.
This chapter presents basic knowledge on the special kind of the machining process in which a workpiece material hardened to 45–70 HRC hardness or more is machined with mixed ceramic or CBN tools. An extended comparison with finish grinding, as well with other abrasive finishing processes, is carried out. Specific cutting characteristics, including cutting forces, chip formation mechanisms and tool wear modes with relevant interface temperatures are discussed in terms of process conditions. Currently developing finite element (FE) and analytical modelling is overviewed.
e licentiate thesis is a piece of academic work under the theme of /Participation Literacy/.
The thesis concerns the Web 2.0 concept construction. Web 2.0 is a new mindset
on the Internet. The main characteristics include ”Web as a Platform”, Collective
Intelligence, Folksonomy and interfaces build with lightweight technologies such as
Ajax. Web 2.0 is not only a technique, but also an ideology – an ideology of participation.
A Web 2.0 service is completely web based and generally draws on open access.
This module provides students an overview of multidimensional expressions
(MDX), foundations in object and member naming conventions, instructions on
how to use the Calculated Member Builder interface, and a review of the
characteristics of calculated members.