Until the early 1990’s latex production has been the main objective for
rubberwood cultivation in Thailand. In 1989 the Thai government established
a national natural forests logging ban. This law raised an immediate demand
for construction and furniture wood in Thailand. Previously, the rubberwood
trunks left over after the latex production, were either used as firewood at the
plantation site or in charcoal production. Rubberwood offers qualities to ease
off the demand for natural tropical forest trees and this way helps to decrease
the pressure on illegal logging.
This paper considers the problem of policy evaluation in a modern society with heterogeneous
agents and diverse groups with conflicting interests. Several different approaches to the policy evaluation
problem are compared including the approach adopted in modern welfare economics, the classical
representative agent approach adopted in macroecononomics and the microeconomic treatment effect
approach. A new approach to the policyevaluationproblemis developed and applied that combines and
extends the best features of these earlier approaches.
In this section we deﬁne the problem we address, state
our assumptions, and describe our threat model.
We address the problem of designing and implement-
ing malicious processors that carry out high-level at-
tacks. In this paper we focus on an attacker that adds
additional circuits to carry out the attack. We consider
analog circuit perturbations (both timing and power), as
well as discrete perturbations. We do not consider at-
tacks where the gate-level design is unmodiﬁed and the
attacker uses physical phenomena (e.g.
There has been much discussion in recent months concerning who might be included in the population of “vulnerable” residents. The term “vulnerable” has most often been used interchangeably with the term “special needs.” In the most broad sense as related to disaster management, the vulnerable population refers to those individuals who do not feel they can adequately access the resources they need during all four phases of a disaster: preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation.
The prevalence of malaria (44.0%) recorded was comparable to 44.8% rate
reported by Ejezie and Ezedinachi (1992) for the non-displaced residents in
a malaria endemic location in calabar, south Eastern state, Nigeria, (Mara
and Arma 2001). The prevalence of malaria among the children in the idp
comps in however higher than the documented UNICEF’s prevalence rate of
34% for the under-fives with malaria fever in Nigeria for the period between
1999 and 2005 (UNICEF, 2007). The absence of ant-malarial measures such
as the use of mosquito nets in the camp.
Beginning in the 1970s, a microfinance revolution swept through Asia and Latin America, helping countless millions
of poor people get the economic boost they needed to start small businesses and work their way out of poverty.
Somehow, the revolution bypassed Africa: While there are more than 300 million economically active individuals
in sub-Saharan Africa, only about 20 million of them – less than 10 percent – have access to any kind of
formal financial services.
The scope of the Translational Medicine Ontology (TMO) is defined by the use case
terminology and respective data sources. Each term and corresponding data source
was analyzed for its conceptual, representational and reasoning capability as required
by the use case requirements. TMO terms were obtained from a lexical analysis of
sample research questions from 14 types of users, all of whom were involved in aspects
of research, clinical care and or business (Table 2). Terms were formalized as referring
to classes, relations or individuals in the OWL ontology.
Therefore, the brain hormonal milieu in which exogenous hormones are introduced is
markedly different in menopause from that in menstruating women.
In the ovariectomized animals, however, the hormonal changes in the animals are abrupt in
contrast to the gradual hormonal changes found in the menopausal transition. It might be
the concerted lack of estradiol and progesterone that facilitate the seizure susceptibility.
Both estradiol and progesterone affect γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) ergic function
(Scharfman et al, 2005; Nakumura et al, 2005; Kokate et al, 1994).
Having watched emergency medicine develop in the United States over the last
twenty years I realize how much I have seen of the foundation a major new specialty
and what a critical role it plays. In addition, over the last decade I have had the
privilege of being involved with a multitude international colleagues. This has been
one of the most eye opening and professionally inspiring experiences I have had.
The hierarchical architecture is a straightforward extension of a centralized
architecture. It only requires that the basic central server be modiﬁed to propa-
gate any information that it receives (i.e., subscriptions, etc.) on to its “master”
server. In fact, the server/server protocol we use within the hierarchical archi-
tecture is exactly the same as the protocol described in Section 3 for commu-
nication between the servers and the external clients of the event notiﬁcation
From an economic point of view, this development corresponds to
experiences already achieved in other markets – the shift from supply-driven
markets to demand-driven markets. As food is one of the basic goods, this
means that once a basic level of food supply is guaranteed, the consumer
develops an increased interest in quality and variety. Through the ability to
choose between a broad range of food products, the consumer acceptance of
new food is the final criterion for a successful market introduction.
Some years later Stamey modified the sextant technique and took sextant biopsies that were
lateral to the mid-sagittal plane in the peripheral zone where most prostate cancers are
typically located (Stamey, 1995). Other investigators went on to study alternatives to the
traditional sextant biopsy, namely the optimum number of core biopsies for diagnosis as
well as sampling of the transition zone in an effort to improve the negative predictive value
of prostate biopsy.
Intuitively researchers began sampling more prostatic tissue however the procedure was not
These types of policies give rise to an annual charge as well as to the other
charges that arise on a gain. In general, a Personal Portfolio Bond (PPB) is a
life insurance policy where the benefits payable are determined by the value
of certain property chosen directly or indirectly by the policyholder ,
rather than investment funds generally available to other policyholders.
The charge will arise if the policy is a PPB at the end of the insurance year .
You are treated as having made a gain of an amount equal to 15 per cent of
premiums paid, with the premiums paid being treated...
Next, I would like to focus on the position of Vice-President,
currently held by Dr. Karl Podratz. If we may read the “Bylaws”
of IGCS, we find the following: “The Vice-President, in the
absence of the President, shall preside at all meetings of
the Society and Council and shall have all the powers of
President in the event of vacancy in the office of President.
S/he shall assist the President in the performance of his/her
duties as requested by the President.” This means that the
Vice-President is the core of the cabinet.
Education and training are particularly important in the current crisis. In times of recession,
budget constraints (in government, households and businesses) tend to reduce expenditure on
education and training. On the other hand, due to rising unemployment, demand for training
increases. Support for education and training during the current crisis can help displaced workers
find new job opportunities and can thus support the restructuring process.
There has been a growing realization in national governments and multilateral institutions
that it is impossible to separate economic development issues from environment issues; many
forms of development erode the environmental resources upon which they must be based, and
environmental degradation can undermine economic development. Poverty is a major cause
and effect of global environmental problems. It is therefore futile to attempt to deal with
environmental problems without a broader perspective that encompasses the factors
underlying world poverty and international inequality....
Beginning in the 1970s, the growth of remittances to India took place alongside the increased
migration to the oil-producing countries of Western Asia, India and Pakistan are the largest suppliers of
non-Arab labour (Premi and Mathur, 1995). Remittances from the oil-producing countries of Western
Asia to India increased from virtually nothing to 51 per cent of total remittances by 1988. In 1991, they
represented 40 per cent of total remittances received in India (Premi and Mathur, 1995).
Remittances sent to many Asian countries are used primarily for basic expenditure.
Air pollution is one of the most serious
environmental threats to urban populations
(Cohen 2005). Exposures vary among and within
urban areas, but all people living in cities are
exposed, and many are harmed, by current levels
of pollutants in many large cities. Infants, young
children, seniors and people who have lung
and heart conditions are especially affected, but
even young, healthy adults are not immune to
harm from poor air quality.
The appropriation language provides the Social Security Administration (SSA) with the funds
needed to carry out its responsibilities under the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program.
This includes the funds needed to pay Federal benefits, administer the program, and provide
beneficiary services to recipients. The budget authority for these activities is made available
until expended, providing SSA the authority to carryover unobligated balances for use in future
Only 32% infants are exclusively breastfed during the first six months. This is an increase from 13%
in 2003. Data from the 2003 and 2008 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, show that although
breastfeeding is a common practice in Kenya, mixed feeding rather than exclusive breastfeeding is
practiced. There was a marked decline in exclusive breastfeeding rates between 1993/98 (17%)
and 2003 (13%). Some of the contributing factors were confusing messages about breastfeeding
in context HIV and AIDS.