Immunizations for Travel Immunizations for travel fall into three broad categories: routine (childhood/adult boosters that are necessary regardless of travel), required (immunizations that are mandated by international regulations for entry into certain areas or for border crossings), and recommended (immunizations that are desirable because of travel-related risks). Vaccines commonly given to travelers are listed in Table 117-1.
The publication of the second edition of International Criminal Law coincides with
the first real work of the International Criminal Court (ICC), now that the fanfares
that accompanied its creation and the swearing-in of the judges have died away.
Thepresidency isnowpermanently installed inTheHague; the prosecutor hasbegun
the task of sifting the many referrals that have been made by a myriad of different
organisations and individuals; and the judges are engaged in the crucial task of
writing the regulations for this new court....
There rules shall apply to all vessels upon the high seas and in all waters connected there with navigable by seagoing vessels.Nothing in there rules shall interfere with the operation of special rules made by an appropriate authority for roadsteads, harbors, river, lakes or inland water connected with the high seas navigable
This Handbook of Manufacturing: Regulations and Quality focuses on all regulatory
aspects and requirements that govern how drugs are produced for evaluation (and,
later, sale to and use in) humans. The coverage ranges from what the issues are at
the early stages (when the amounts are small and the materials of limited sophistication)
up to until the issue is reproducibly and continuously making large volumes
of a highly sophisticated manufactured product.
Standards are appointments and may become enforceable by jurisdictional law and administrative regulations through signed contracts (for instance a sales contract) and can be understood to be ‘‘approved technology rules’’. The general features of standards are, in short: . . . . . . Standards are a service for technology. Standards are an economic and a technical form of cooperation (see also DIN 820 Part 1).
In just over ten years, the Textbook of Internal Medicine has become widely regarded as a classic medical text, both for its breadth of coverage and ease of use by
busy students and practitioners. Hundreds of talented individuals contributed to the success of the first three editions. These include the many leading scientists and
scholars who served as editors and authors, and the dozens of supporting staff who met the organizational and logistical challenges associated with so large a
For a long time the subject of threats of force between states as a distinct
ﬁeld of study was surprisingly neglected both by international lawyers
and, even, by international relations scholars. From the legal side
Romana Sadurska’s 1988 article, ‘Threats of Force’, is one of the few
items devoted to the issue, and its argument that there is a signiﬁcant
legal difference between a use and a threat of force under article 2(4) of
the United Nations Charter was not widely accepted.
The essays in this collection were initially presented as papers at a workshop
on Regulating Deviance that took place at the International Institute for
the Sociology of Law in Onati, Spain in June 2007. The main aim of the
workshop was to gather together experts in the fields of criminal law and
procedure, criminology, legal history, law and psychology and the sociology
of law in order to focus on the future directions for the criminal law in
the light of current concerns with state security and regulating ‘deviant’
This project was initiated in response to a letter from Charles Kean,
an Associate Professor of Physiology and Pharmacology and
Director of the Animal Care Facility at Loma Linda University, to
the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Institute for Laboratory Animal
Research (ILAR), the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of
Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC) International, and the Office of
Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH) outlining the research animal care community’s concerns about the
safe and humane transportation of research animal...
The relationship between law and football is, perhaps surprisingly,
one with a long history. However, although early examples of legal
intervention focused primarily upon public-order issues, as football
began to evolve so did the law’s relation to it. Different forms of law
began to be utilised, culminating in the large number of commercial
law issues now confronting football. As this book shows, the ways in
which football is regulated are not necessarily all legal in nature, and
much of the book is concerned with the mechanisms used to control
the game, both internally and externally....
For decades, endocytosis has been recognized as a fundamental cellular process that
regulates the uptake of small molecules (cell surface proteins, bacteria, toxins, etc.) into
the cell. So why, after years of study, does this simple process warrant more
discussion? Anyone who has examined the endocytic pathway will appreciate that this
conceptually simple mechanism is highly complex and sophisticated. Like ballet
dancers who make their synchronous performance seem effortless, the cell brings in
molecules via a carefully choreographed mechanism.
The OECD is a unique forum where governments work together to address the economic, social and environmental challenges of globalisation. The OECD is also at the forefront of efforts to understand and to help governments respond to new developments and concerns, such as corporate governance, the information economy and the challenges of an ageing population. The Organisation provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and work to co-ordinate domestic and international policies.
Chapter 19 - Negotiating with international customers, partners, and regulators. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: The problems associated with cultural stereotypes, how culture influences behaviors at the negotiation table, common kinds of problems that crop up during international business negotiations, the similarities and differences in communication behaviors in several countries,...
Chapter 6 - Comparative accounting. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Describe some aspects of the environment in which accounting operates in five countries, China, Germany, Japan, Mexico, and the United Kingdom; explain the nature of the accounting profession in the selected countries; discuss the mechanisms in place for regulating accounting and financial reporting in the selected countries.
Chapter 14 - Comparative international auditing and corporate governance. This chapter presents the following content: Recent trends in international corporate governance, international diversity in external auditing, harmonization of international external auditing, auditor liability and independence, audit committees, international internal auditing, audit regulation.
Chapter 15 - International corporate social reporting. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Theories to explain CSR practices, drivers of CSR practices by companies, implications of climate change for CSR, regulating CSR Practices, global Reporting Initiative (GRI), CSR Practices by MNCs.
Chapter 7 - International banking and the basel accords. The objectives of this chapter are: To find out why banks are assigned special importance and why banking is more regulated than other business, to consider the types of risk a bank is exposed to, to consider the pros and cons of banking regulation…
Chapter 6 - Comparative accounting. In this chapter, the learning objectives are: Describe some aspects of the environment in which accounting operates in five countries: China, Germany, Japan, Mexico, and the United Kingdom; explain the nature of the accounting profession in the selected countries; discuss the mechanisms in place for regulating accounting and financial reporting in the selected countries;...
Chapter 14 - Comparative international auditing and corporate governance. This chapter includes contents: Recent trends in international corporate governance, international diversity in external auditing, international harmonization of auditing standards, auditor liability and independence, role of audit committees, ethical issues involved in external auditing at the international level, internal auditing issues in an international context audit regulation.
Chapter 15 - International corporate social reporting. In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: Theories to explain CSR practices, drivers of CSR practices by companies, implications of climate change for CSR, regulating CSR practices, global reporting initiative (GRI), CSR practices by MNCs.