Xem 1-20 trên 26 kết quả Interruption threats
  • A study on French learning, with university students as participants, by Jones and Plass (2002) supported the proposition that simultaneous visual and auditory presentations can cause the modality effect, which lowers extraneous cognitive load and enhances learning performance. Another study about English learning, also with university students as participants, by Daio et al. (2007) revealed that double modes, such as sound and complete paragraph, and ...

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  • In 2008 and 2009, the policy challenge was all about putting out fires. It was a call to action to address a lot of issues, and ICI was deeply involved with regulators and other market participants to sort things out. This year and last, we’ve been in a diˆerent phase. It’s not uncommon after any financial crisis to have a regulatory response, and this one has been broad and deep. Essentially, the sprint of 2008 has turned into a marathon. You have to call on diˆerent skills and diˆerent muscles. So now, perseverance is the order of the day. And what...

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  • » Directors’ responsibilities are derived from their general fiduciary duties. The federal securities laws do not impose any specific obligations on fund directors with respect to oversight of risk management; in general, fund directors’ responsibilities are derived from their general fiduciary duties of care and loyalty and are part of their overall responsibility to oversee the management and operation of the fund. » A board’s focus is on the fund’s risks, which also entails understanding the adviser’s risks that may impact the fund.

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  • We will show that in the two-good nonsequential search model prices of the two goods will be randomized and depending on the nature of demand interrelation we expect to nd no correlation between them if the goods are substitutes or independently valued and negative correlation if they are complements. The latter result derives from an inability to charge the highest price for each good simultaneously as at such pair of prices none of the complements will be purchased at all.

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  • This paper does not make assertions about the significance of the support to the sponsor, but rather our focus is on the impact of support to prime MMMFs and its potential to cause investors to perceive that prime MMMF portfolios are less risky than they actually are. It should be noted that a support amount as reported in this paper is not necessarily equivalent to a loss realized by the fund sponsor. Instead, in the case of a security purchase, it is indicative of the loss that would have been realized by the fund sponsor if it had disposed of...

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  • Fortunately, there are other ways of determining the category of words, which we will turn to below. But it is important to note that there are two independent issues here. On the one hand is the issue of how the notion of word category is instantiated in the linguistic system and on the other hand is the issue of how we, as linguists, tell the category of any particular word. As to the first issue, word...

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  • A critical point concerning this approach: As project manager, you must set boundaries on the range of tasks and also ensure that there is a complete understanding of task goals. For example, a project team member who is assigned the job of interpreting market test data will need you to tell him what tests to apply and to check conclusions with you before simply incorporating them into the final report. As project manager, you must stay in touch with the team, both to supervise when necessary and to be available if problems do arise.

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  • After the general data and statistics information collection, interviews with experts in project management are conducted. Some of the interviewees are project managers in construction industry, and others are university-based scholars. Interviewees are selected from both the United States and China, in order to provide multiple perspectives and more comprehensive results. Respondents are asked several directed questions and also provided their own opinions concerning leadership skills in project management.

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  • The DBMS field has always focused on capturing, organizing, storing, analyzing, and retrieving structured data. Until recently, there was limited interest in extending a DBMS to also manage text, temporal, spatial, sound, image, or video data. However, the Web has clearly demonstrated the importance of these more sophisticated data types. The general problem is that as systems add capabilities, it is hard to make these additions “cleanly.” Rather, there is a tendency to do the minimum necessary to...

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  • Of the remaining $4.4 million in the budget for the first year completion, the most significant expenditures are in Sales and Marketing. Marketing expenses are necessary to promote our business and make this company a success. We plan to invest $ 1.5 million in S&M activities over the next 12 months to firmly entrench our brand and to reach our sales objective of at least 6000 course sales per month at an average price of $500. Capital expenditure, at $1.

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  • The body of property rights literature provides a general framework for analyzing the determinants of corporate share ownership structures.4 The literature emphasizes the roles of customs, social norms, and law and legal systems in shaping the structure of property rights and their governance systems. Corporate share ownership can be viewed as a property rights arrangement through which the owner of the share is entitled to three categories of property rights. First, the owner has the decision right of deploying corporate assets, i.e., the control or voting right.

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  • Malcolm Hill is an Assistant Professor of Biology at Fairfield University where he teaches General Biology and Evolution (both for majors). He also teaches an evolution course for non-majors. His research focuses on the evolutionary ecology of marine sponges. April Hill is an Assistant Professor of Biology at Fairfield University where she teaches Genetics and Developmental Biology. She is an active proponent of incorporating information technology in her lectures.

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  • To discourage the tendency of splitting the procurement orders to remain within their authorized limits the Transaction Authority will have to obtain the consent of the relevant Approval Authority in case the order for the same goods and services are being placed for the second time during the year. For proper procurement planning and announcement the Transaction Authority should begin procurement planning at least six month before the close of the year prior to the budget, list the individual procurements and decide procurement methods for e.g.

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  • In this paper, we use the Moody’s Analytics model of the U.S. economy—adjusted to accommodate some recent financial-market policies—to simulate the macroeconomic effects of the government’s total policy response. We find that its effects on real GDP, jobs, and inflation are huge, and probably averted what could have been called Great Depression 2.0. For example, we estimate that, without the government’s response, GDP in 2010 would be about 11.5% lower, payroll employment would be less by some 8½ million jobs, and the nation would now be experiencing deflation. ...

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  • Another paper from this period (1897a) is an investigation of the dispositions which serve as the presuppositions of the presentation of complexes.

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  • Economic development professionals can use this strategic framework in a variety of different ways. As a first step, it is useful in mapping current regional economic development activities. In most regions, these activities are spread across a variety of different organizations. Leaders of these organizations often do not communicate effectively with each other. By listing each organization’s major focus and activities on the grid, important patterns and gaps emerge.

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  • The hidden part of problem solving. There is a hidden aspect to problem solving: something that happens behind the scenes, something that we currently do not know how to measure or explain. It is remarkable, when you read the biographies of great mathematicians and scientists that they keep saying of their greatest achievements, I was doing something else and the answer to my problem just came to me. 12 This is not only true for the greatest, it seems to be true for every serious research mathematician or scientist. Answers and ideas just seem to come out of the blue.

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  • In social networks, since nodes generally belong to di®erent authorities and pursue di®erent goals, they will not cooperate with others unless cooperation can improve their own performance. Thus, how to stimulate cooperation among nodes in social networks is very important. However, most of existing game-theoretic cooper- ation stimulation approaches rely on the assumption that the interactions between any pair of players are long-lasting.

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  • Over the years, the role of the computer auditor has changed to being more consultative and value adding. Clearly, where a new system is being developed, it is more cost effective for audit comments to be provided prior to a system being implemented, when improved security and control features can be included more easily and cheaply. Similarly, although computer auditors regularly undertake audits of say logical access controls, there is considerable scope for computer auditors to be involved in the design of those components.

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  • Ryan (1988) performed an experiment with domestic chickens (Gallus domesticus) to establish the potential effects of ingested plastic particles on seabirds. They were fed with polyethylene pellets and the results indi- cated that ingested plastics reduce meal size by reducing the storage volume of the stomach and the feeding stimulus. He concluded that seabirds with large plastic loads have reduced food consumption, which limits their ability to lay down fat deposits, thus reducingfitness.

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