Interventions providing

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  • We also suggest that interventions providing associated benefits in kind may be less likely than those offering a straightforward financial reward to be perceived as a 'purchase' of a body part: indeed, for egg-sharing we have noted the argument that the benefit being received is not financial at all in nature but rather the opportunity to bear a child. Given that one of the key concerns around any form of non-altruistic-focused intervention is the risk of material being mis- valued, we distinguish between these two approaches through rungs 5 and 6 on the Intervention Ladder.

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  • During the 1990s, humanitarian intervention seemed to promise a world in which democracy, self-determination and human rights would be privileged over national interests or imperial ambitions. Orford provides critical readings of the narratives that accompanied such interventions and shaped legal justifications for the use of force by the international community. Through a close reading of legal texts and institutional practice, she argues that a far more circumscribed, exploitative and conservative interpretation of the ends of intervention was adopted during this period.

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  • This hesitancy on the part of patients to seek the information needed may have resulted from feeling helpless due to hospitalization. How can seniors feel more proactive about their health care and less like victims? The Internet may not be able to help the elderly when they are already hospitalized, but it could be a useful resource to help them before they enter the hospital.

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  • In the 1950s and 1960s intellectual discussions of crime were dominated by the opinion that criminal behavior was caused by mental illness and social oppression, and that criminals were helpless “victims.” A book by a well- known psychiatrist was entitled The Crime of Punishment (see Menninger [1966]). Such attitudes began to exert a major influence on social policy, as laws changed to expand criminals’ rights. These changes reduced the appre- hension and conviction of criminals, and provided less protection to the law-abiding population....

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  • Although many families may struggle over the coming months, history demonstrates that the U.S. economy is resilient and will recover from the current economic downturn. However, the growth path may not look the same as that envisioned before the recession. In the near term, various factors should help to stem the downturn and eventually increase overall production and lead to employment growth. Most obviously, the ARRA provides $787 billion of fiscal stimulus spread primarily over the next two years. This fiscal stimulus takes a number of forms: tax cuts for working...

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  • A number of methodological issues related to the assessment of obesity inter- vention and prevention programmes were identified and offer insight into how research protocols can be enhanced to strengthen evidence for obesity interven- tions. Further research is required to understand the merits of the various forms in which interventions (singly and in combination) are delivered and in which circumstances they are effective.

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  • Specifically, the report considers home-based child-centred development programmes focusing on health and nutrition; psychosocial care and management of inherited assets; interventions directed at supporting families and households to cope with the HIV/AIDS problem and interventions directed at building the capacities of communities to provide long-term care and support for children and households.

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  • The brooding period of Khaki Campbell ducklings is 3 to 4 weeks. For meat type ducklings such as Pekin, brooding for 2 to 3 weeks is sufficient. Provide hover space of 90 to 100 sq.cms. per ducklings under the brooder. A temperature of 29 to 32o C (85 to 90o C) is maintained during the first week. It is reduced by about 3oC per week till it reaches 24o C (75o F) during the fourth week. Ducklings may be brooded in wire floor, litter or batteries. A wire floor space of 0.046m2 (1/2 sq, ft.) per bird or solid floor space of...

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  • The rich palette of topics set out in this book provides a sufficiently broad overview of the developments in the field of quality control. By providing detailed information on various aspects of quality control, this book can serve as a basis for starting interdisciplinary cooperation, which has increasingly become an integral part of scientific and applied research.

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  • Clinical course of CLL is variable. Recently, progress has been made in the identification of biological markers that could predict disease progression. Particularly, the expression of unmutated Ig genes, some cytogenetic abnormalities like 17p and 11q deletions and the expression of the zeta-associated protein 70 (ZAP-70) are associated to a poor prognosis.

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  • In Chapter 5, Carrascosa Romero and de Cabo de la Vega consider the relevance of genetics and brain imaging findings in the diagnosis of diseases which result from abnormal development or neoplasia of cells derived from the neural crest (neurocristopathies). Koga and Saito (Chapter 6) provide a beautifully illustrated discussion of the use of neuroimaging tools to guide gamma knife radiosurgery.

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  • Ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging modalities in pediatric radiology and is set to continue to grow and develop as computing and equipment improves and new applications become available. Children are ideally suited to ultrasound, since their low levels of body fat contribute to ultrasound images of exquisite detail. This book is intended as a practical starting point for radiologists, sonographers and other medical healthcare professionals undertaking ultrasound examinations in children, providing all necessary normative charts and guidelines on examining techniques....

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  • We have been able to develop 23 Regional Cancer Centres and several Oncology Wings in India, which provide comprehensive cancer care services. One of the major limitations of the programme is the late stage at presentation of common cancers thus reducing the chances of survival. There is a need to increase awareness among the community regarding prevention and early detection of cancers. The programme is developing IEC materials for the same.

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  • Religions have too often been used to justify the violation of human rights, in part through the hierarchical and selective use of role ethics and the postponement of temporal justice to divine judgment or future karmic consequences. Yet the world religions have also provided a constant voice of critique against the violation of human rights by calling for equality, and universal compassion and love, calls which reach far beyond the mere protection of human rights.

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  • The dominant overall flora in human intestines in bifidobacteria, B. longum. The information provided by the Authors are very useful in understanding the process of probiotic adaptation with regards to the fermentation conditions, in milk and other food substrates. Among the factors influencing the viability of probiotic microorganisms in food products, the most important are: pH, titrable acidity, molecular oxygen, redox potential, hydrogen peroxide, bacteriocins and short chain fatty acids.

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  • The recognition of gender equality as a cross-cutting issue in the Paris Declaration and the OECD-DAC’s gender marker system to assess the contribution of overseas development assistance (ODA) to gender equality goals have also been important contributions to greater effectiveness. With its emphasis on development effectiveness and the recognition of gender equality and the empowerment of women as critical to achieving development results, the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation also advances progress through a series of concrete commitments.

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  • Participants from DCF stakeholder groups (provider countries / recipient countries / civil society and parliamentarians / UN system) are expected to brainstorm within their respective groups on how to advance gender equality in light of new challenges faced by development cooperation, including the transition to sustainable development and the coordination among different actors, approaches and flows to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women.

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  • To track the dynamic of continuity and change since 1960, it’s conventional to start by looking at the film industry. As usually recounted, the indus- try’s fortunes over the period display a darkness-to-dawn arc that might satisfy a scriptwriter of epic inclinations.We now have several nuanced ver- sions of this story, so I’ll merely point out some major turning points. 1 The appendix provides a year-by-year chronology.

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  • Product evaluation is an important part of brewing, whether performed informally or formally and whether the product is from a commercial or home brewery. Formal beer evaluation serves three primary purposes in the context of brewing competitions. First, the beer evaluations provide feedback to the brewer concerning how well an individual recipe represents its intended beer style. This feedback can be useful as recipes are fine-tuned and attempts are made to improve the beer. Second, beer evaluations may provide brewers with troubleshooting advice.

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  • The American Nurses Association (ANA) Social Policy Statement of 1980 was the first to define nursing as the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problems. This definition, when combined with the ANA Standards of Practice, has provided impetus and support for the use of nursing diagnosis. Defining nursing and its effect on client care supports the growing awareness that nursing care is a key factor in client survival and in the maintenance, rehabilitative, and preventive aspects of healthcare.

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