We also suggest that interventions providing associated benefits in kind may be less likely than
those offering a straightforward financial reward to be perceived as a 'purchase' of a body part:
indeed, for egg-sharing we have noted the argument that the benefit being received is not
financial at all in nature but rather the opportunity to bear a child. Given that one of the key
concerns around any form of non-altruistic-focused intervention is the risk of material being mis-
valued, we distinguish between these two approaches through rungs 5 and 6 on the
During the 1990s, humanitarian intervention seemed to promise a
world in which democracy, self-determination and human rights
would be privileged over national interests or imperial ambitions.
Orford provides critical readings of the narratives that accompanied
such interventions and shaped legal justiﬁcations for the use of force
by the international community. Through a close reading of legal
texts and institutional practice, she argues that a far more
circumscribed, exploitative and conservative interpretation of the
ends of intervention was adopted during this period.
This hesitancy on
the part of patients to seek the information needed may have resulted from feeling helpless due to
hospitalization. How can seniors feel more proactive about their health care and less like victims?
The Internet may not be able to help the elderly when they are already hospitalized, but it could be a
useful resource to help them before they enter the hospital.
In the 1950s and 1960s intellectual discussions of crime were dominated
by the opinion that criminal behavior was caused by mental illness and social
oppression, and that criminals were helpless “victims.” A book by a well-
known psychiatrist was entitled The Crime of Punishment (see Menninger
). Such attitudes began to exert a major influence on social policy, as
laws changed to expand criminals’ rights. These changes reduced the appre-
hension and conviction of criminals, and provided less protection to the
Although many families may struggle over the coming months, history demonstrates that
the U.S. economy is resilient and will recover from the current economic downturn. However,
the growth path may not look the same as that envisioned before the recession.
In the near term, various factors should help to stem the downturn and eventually
increase overall production and lead to employment growth. Most obviously, the ARRA
provides $787 billion of fiscal stimulus spread primarily over the next two years. This fiscal
stimulus takes a number of forms: tax cuts for working...
A number of methodological issues related to the assessment of obesity inter-
vention and prevention programmes were identiﬁed and offer insight into how
research protocols can be enhanced to strengthen evidence for obesity interven-
tions. Further research is required to understand the merits of the various forms
in which interventions (singly and in combination) are delivered and in which
circumstances they are effective.
Specifically, the report considers home-based child-centred development programmes focusing on health and nutrition; psychosocial care and management of inherited assets; interventions directed at supporting families and households to cope with the HIV/AIDS problem and interventions directed at building the capacities of communities to provide long-term care and support for children and households.
The brooding period of Khaki Campbell ducklings is 3 to 4 weeks. For meat type
ducklings such as Pekin, brooding for 2 to 3 weeks is sufficient. Provide hover space of
90 to 100 sq.cms. per ducklings under the brooder. A temperature of 29 to 32o
C (85 to
C) is maintained during the first week. It is reduced by about 3oC per week till it
F) during the fourth week.
Ducklings may be brooded in wire floor, litter or batteries. A wire floor space of
(1/2 sq, ft.) per bird or solid floor space of...
(BQ) Part 2 book "Improvised medicine providing care in extreme environments" presents the following contents: Circulation/cardiovascular, dehydration/rehydration, medications pharmacy/envenomations, anesthesia—local and regional, sedation and general anesthesia, surgical interventions
The rich palette of topics set out in this book provides a sufficiently broad overview of the developments in the field of quality control. By providing detailed information on various aspects of quality control, this book can serve as a basis for starting interdisciplinary cooperation, which has increasingly become an integral part of scientific and applied research.
Clinical course of CLL is variable. Recently, progress has been made in the identification of
biological markers that could predict disease progression. Particularly, the expression of
unmutated Ig genes, some cytogenetic abnormalities like 17p and 11q deletions and the
expression of the zeta-associated protein 70 (ZAP-70) are associated to a poor prognosis.
In Chapter 5, Carrascosa Romero and de Cabo de la Vega consider the relevance of
genetics and brain imaging findings in the diagnosis of diseases which result from
abnormal development or neoplasia of cells derived from the neural crest
(neurocristopathies). Koga and Saito (Chapter 6) provide a beautifully illustrated
discussion of the use of neuroimaging tools to guide gamma knife radiosurgery.
Ultrasound is one of the most widely used imaging
modalities in pediatric radiology and is set to continue
to grow and develop as computing and
equipment improves and new applications become
available. Children are ideally suited to ultrasound,
since their low levels of body fat contribute to
ultrasound images of exquisite detail.
This book is intended as a practical starting
point for radiologists, sonographers and other
medical healthcare professionals undertaking ultrasound
examinations in children, providing all necessary
normative charts and guidelines on
Religions have too often been used to justify the violation of human
rights, in part through the hierarchical and selective use of role ethics
and the postponement of temporal justice to divine judgment or future
karmic consequences. Yet the world religions have also provided a constant
voice of critique against the violation of human rights by calling for equality,
and universal compassion and love, calls which reach far beyond the
mere protection of human rights.
We have been able to develop 23 Regional Cancer Centres and several Oncology Wings
in India, which provide comprehensive cancer care services. One of the major limitations
of the programme is the late stage at presentation of common cancers thus reducing the
chances of survival. There is a need to increase awareness among the community regarding
prevention and early detection of cancers. The programme is developing IEC materials
for the same.
The dominant overall flora in human intestines in
bifidobacteria, B. longum. The information provided by the Authors are very useful in
understanding the process of probiotic adaptation with regards to the fermentation
conditions, in milk and other food substrates. Among the factors influencing the
viability of probiotic microorganisms in food products, the most important are: pH,
titrable acidity, molecular oxygen, redox potential, hydrogen peroxide, bacteriocins
and short chain fatty acids.
The recognition of gender equality as a cross-cutting issue in the Paris Declaration and the OECD-DAC’s gender marker
system to assess the contribution of overseas development assistance (ODA) to gender equality goals have also been
important contributions to greater effectiveness. With its emphasis on development effectiveness and the recognition of
gender equality and the empowerment of women as critical to achieving development results, the Busan Partnership for
Effective Development Cooperation also advances progress through a series of concrete commitments.
Participants from DCF stakeholder groups (provider countries / recipient countries / civil society and parliamentarians /
UN system) are expected to brainstorm within their respective groups on how to advance gender equality in light of new
challenges faced by development cooperation, including the transition to sustainable development and the coordination
among different actors, approaches and flows to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women.
The American Nurses Association (ANA) Social Policy
Statement of 1980 was the first to define nursing as the diagnosis
and treatment of human responses to actual and potential
health problems. This definition, when combined with the ANA
Standards of Practice, has provided impetus and support for the
use of nursing diagnosis. Defining nursing and its effect on
client care supports the growing awareness that nursing care is
a key factor in client survival and in the maintenance, rehabilitative,
and preventive aspects of healthcare.
To track the dynamic of continuity and change since 1960, it’s conventional
to start by looking at the ﬁlm industry. As usually recounted, the indus-
try’s fortunes over the period display a darkness-to-dawn arc that might
satisfy a scriptwriter of epic inclinations.We now have several nuanced ver-
sions of this story, so I’ll merely point out some major turning points.
appendix provides a year-by-year chronology.