Intestinal disease

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  • The quality of water, whether it is used for drinking, irrigation or recreational purposes, is significant for health in both developing and developed countries worldwide. Water quality can have a major impact on health, both through outbreaks of waterborne disease and by contributing to the background rates of disease. Accordingly, countries develop water quality standards to protect public health.

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  • Pig production is an expert of farmers in Thua Thien Hue and Quang Nam, more than 80% of sows, are kept in small farm holdings. To meet increasing demand for pig husbandry systems for pigs, smaller owners have enhanced breeding and feeding systems, while others tried to continue to produce larger pigs poorly designed facilities.

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  • Celiac Disease (CD) or Gluten Sensitive Enteropathy (GSE) is a life‐long disorder. It is characterized by inflammation in the small intestine of genetically predisposed individuals caused by inappropriate immune response to gluten, a protein enriched in some of our common grains (wheat, rye and barley). The toxicity of gluten is manifested by the autoimmune action of T‐lymphocytes on mucosal cells in the small intestine, disrupting its vital function of absorbing nutrients from food.

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  • Host Defenses Given the enormous number of microorganisms ingested with every meal, the normal host must combat a constant influx of potential enteric pathogens. Studies of infections in patients with alterations in defense mechanisms have led to a greater understanding of the variety of ways in which the normal host can protect itself against disease. Normal Flora The large numbers of bacteria that normally inhabit the intestine act as an important host defense by preventing colonization by potential enteric pathogens.

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  • This book is dedicated to inflammatory bowel disease, and the authors discuss the advances in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, as well as several new parameters involved in the etiopathogeny of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, such as intestinal barrier dysfunction and the roles of TH 17 cells and IL 17 in the immune response in inflammatory bowel disease. The book also focuses on several relevant clinical points, such as pregnancy during inflammatory bowel disease and the health-related quality of life as an end point of the different treatments of the diseases....

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  • Problems of constipation, diarrhoea and irritable bowel syndrome are common. Infective diarrhoeal diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in infants and children.The management of these conditions is reviewed. • Constipation: mode of action and use of drugs • Diarrhoea (drug treatment importance of fluid and electrolyte replacement) • Inflammatory bowel disease • Irritable bowel syndrome STOOL BULKING AGENTS Dietary fibre comprises the cell walls and supporting structures of vegetables and fruits.

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  • The first and second editions of this book were conceived to provide distilled, up-to-date information to nursing students and staff nurses about many conditions and diagnoses encountered in nursing practice. With the third edition, we have responded to the ever-changing health care environment as well as to the recommendations of our readers and editors.

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  • Edwardsiella, and Acinetobacter are components of the normal animal and human colonic flora and/or of the flora of a variety of environmental habitats, including long-term-care facilities (LTCFs) and hospitals. As a result, except for certain pathotypes of intestinal pathogenic E. coli, these genera are global pathogens. In healthy humans, E. coli is the predominant species of gram-negative bacilli (GNB) in the colonic flora. GNB (primarily E. coli, Klebsiella, and Proteus) only transiently colonize the oropharynx and skin of healthy individuals.

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  • Celiac Disease (CD) or Gluten Sensitive Enteropathy (GSE) is a life‐long disorder. It is characterized by inflammation in the small intestine of genetically predisposed individuals caused by inappropriate immune response to gluten, a protein enriched in some of our common grains (wheat, rye and barley). The toxicity of gluten is manifested by the autoimmune action of T‐lymphocytes on mucosal cells in the small intestine, disrupting its vital function of absorbing nutrients from food.

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  • Chapter 8 What prescription medications are used for fecal incontinence and how do they work? Hyoscyamine (Levbid, NuLev), dicyclomine (Bentyl), clindium, and atropine (Lomotil); opiates such as codeine, cholestyramine (Questran). These drugs produce constipation by slowing the movement of the intestine and promoting increased fluid absorption. When the stools are dry and firm, they are less likely to leak out of the anus.

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  • The present book, based on knowledge and great experience of the authors includes a wide study problem of reconstructive esophageal surgery with use of pedicled intestinal segments, in detail discusses vascular anatomy of intestines, difficulties and threats which may occur intraoperatively, presents diagnostic procedures and treatment standards of early postoperative complications as well as late complications that lead to diseases of esophageal substitutes. Authors also discuss a function of various substitutive esophagi.

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  • Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis are chronic inflammatory intestinal disorders affecting 1.7 million people in North America. Recent studies have shown an increasing incidence of CD in children, and an overall prevalence of 10% to 25% of all patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). 2,3 CD is characterized by patchy transmural inflammation involving any segment of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus.

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  • Radiation therapy is rarely used in the initial treatment of ovarian cancer, but it may be used to relieve pain and other problems caused by the disease. The treatment is given at a hospital or clinic. Each treatment takes only a few minutes. Side effects depend mainly on the amount of radiation given and the part of your body that is treated. Radiation therapy to your abdomen and pelvis may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or bloody stools. Also, your skin in the treated area may become red, dry, and tender.

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  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a major clinical disorder usually associated with cigarette smoking. A central feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is inflammation coexisting with an abnormal protease/anti-protease balance, leading to apoptosis and elastolysis. In anin vitro study of rat lung alveolar L2 cells, cigarette smoke extract (CSE) induced apoptotic cell death. Expo-sure of L2 cells to CSE at a concentration of 0.25% resulted in a 50% increase of caspase-3 and matrix met-alloproteinase (MMP) activities.

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Essentials of general surgery" presents the following contents: Trauma, burns, abdominal wall, including hernia, esophagus, stomach and duodenum, small intestine and appendix, colon, rectum and anus, pancreas, liver, breast, surgical endocrinology, spleen and lymph nodes, diseases of the vascular system, transplantation, surgical oncology: malignant diseases of the skin and soft tissue.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 66. Stem Cell Biology Stem Cell Biology: Introduction Stem cell biology is a relatively new field that explores the characteristics and possible clinical applications of the different types of pluripotential cells that serve as the progenitors of more differentiated cell types. In addition to potential therapeutic applications (Chap. 67), patient-derived stem cells can also provide disease models and a means to test drug effectiveness.

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  • Tà liệu tham khảo Bệnh ruột non và ruột già (Disease of the small and large intestine )

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 134. Botulism Definition Botulism is a paralytic disease caused by potent protein neurotoxins elaborated by Clostridium botulinum. Illness begins with cranial nerve involvement and proceeds caudally to involve the extremities. Cases may be classified as (1) food-borne botulism, from ingestion of preformed toxin in food contaminated with C.

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  • Death and Dying The most common causes of death in patients with cancer are infection (leading to circulatory failure), respiratory failure, hepatic failure, and renal failure. Intestinal blockage may lead to inanition and starvation. Central nervous system disease may lead to seizures, coma, and central hypoventilation. About 70% of patients develop dyspnea preterminally. However, many months usually pass between the diagnosis of cancer and the occurrence of these complications, and during this period the patient is severely affected by the possibility of death. ...

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  • Botulism is a paralytic disease caused by potent protein neurotoxins elaborated by Clostridium botulinum. Illness begins with cranial nerve involvement and proceeds caudally to involve the extremities. Cases may be classified as (1) food-borne botulism, from ingestion of preformed toxin in food contaminated with C. botulinum; (2) wound botulism, from toxin produced in wounds contaminated with the organism; and (3) intestinal botulism, from ingestion of spores and production of toxin in the intestine of infants (infant botulism) or adults.

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