The pig faces significant biological
and environmental challenges
after weaning. A great deal of information
is available on behavior, environment,
health, and nutrition of the
newly weaned pig; however, newly
weaned pigs still suffer a growth lag.
The pig’s small intestinal structure
and function is altered during the days
that follow weaning. As a consequence,
the digestive and absorptive capacity
of weanling pigs is decreased during
this period and this may be partially
responsible for the post weaning growth
The first and second editions of this book were conceived to provide distilled, up-to-date information
to nursing students and staff nurses about many conditions and diagnoses encountered in
nursing practice. With the third edition, we have responded to the ever-changing health care
environment as well as to the recommendations of our readers and editors.
A variety of organisms have been investigated to evaluate their potential
as biological indicators of different forms of pollution in the aquatic
environment (e.g. review by Gunkel 1994). Certain species have been
identified as being highly sensitive either in their physiological response to
aquatic contaminants or in their ability to accumulate particular toxins in a
dose-time dependent manner.
Audit data, obtained by reviewing written records and procedures, inter-
viewing personnel, and personal observation, are collected from both an
administrative area and a management or operational area,which controls the
physical environment.Audit of the administrative area includes a review of how
well or how poorly management has implemented the program. Audit of the
operational areas,whereby management controls the physical environment,
includes assessing the surroundings and external conditions that influence the
daily operation of the organization....
As one class of the most important steroid hormones, glucocorticoids have long been recognised and their therapeutic benefits have been widely used in clinical treatment, especially in anti-inflammation cases.
Malformations occur in nearly 10% of female genital tracts. Known genetic problems cause 20%, about 5% are due to chromosome aberrations, and approximately 10% are due to environmental causes. Multifactorial inheritance (e.g., a combination of environment and genetics) probably accounts for the rest. Anomalies of the vulva and labia are rare. They include bifid clitoris (occurs most frequently with bladder exstrophy), congenital vaginal prolapse, and vulvar duplication (seen with duplication of the urinary and intestinal tracts). Occasionally, one labia is much larger than the other.