It is clear from the pages that follow that the physical abuse of one individual by
another, or by both individuals of each other, is an integral component of some
intimate relationships, perhaps many intimate relationships. This book is not about
the violence as much as it is a reflection on our responses to—or our lack of
responses to—that violation of physical integrity and the accompanying emotional
and mental trauma. As these next pages indicate, we all too often fail to recognize
the signs of physical violence.
Intimate partner and sexual violence affect a large proportion of the population – with
the majority of those directly experiencing such violence being women and the majority
perpetrating it being men. The harm they cause can last a lifetime and span generations,
with serious adverse affects on health, education and employment.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Recovery from depressive symptoms, state anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder in women exposed to physical and psychological, but not to psychological intimate partner violence alone: A longitudinal study
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài:Measuring the effect of intimate partner violence on health-related quality of life: a qualitative focus group study
Including urinary issues in the gynecologic evaluation is helpful. Urinary
tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common reasons to seek medical
care and are sometimes triggered by sexual activity. Urinary incontinence is
an increasingly recognized health problem (see Chapter 10).
Finally, because domestic violence is common (2), screening for current or
previous physical, emotional, or sexual abuse is an important part of the pa-
tient’s history and in some states is mandatory.
The growing tissue then begins
to release more hormones to keep everything in the right condition. How-
ever, if fertilization does not occur, the continued preparations in the
uterus are unnecessary. The body realizes this near the end of the four-
week period of the menstrual cycle. At this time, the level of LH decreases,
the corpus luteum breaks down, and the level of progesterone decreases.
Without this hormone, the uterine lining no longer remains intact.
Instead, the lining breaks down.
The International Institute for Sustainable Development contributes
to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations
on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate
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collaborative projects with global partners, resulting in more rigorous
research, capacity building in developing countries and better
dialogue between North and South.
On top of these pay disparities, women also face higher healthcare costs than men, which can put a
serious dent in their incomes. In 14 states, more than 90% of the best-selling health plans charge
women more than men. In the aggregate, women spend an estimated $1 billion more than men for
equivalent health coverage.
Women are also far more likely to experience domestic violence, which
threatens not just their safety, health, and well-being, but their financial security as well. Women who
experience intimate partner violence are at higher risk for job loss...
So then you may think that the population-poverty-resource nexus would be a focus of
attention among development economists. If so, you would be wrong. Even in studies on the
semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa and the Indian sub-continent (poverty-ridden land
masses, inhabited by some 2 billion people and experiencing the largest additions ever known
to their population; Tables 1-2), the nexus is largely absent. For example,Birdsall (1988),Kelley
(1988) and Schultz (1988) are authoritative surveys by economic demographers on population
growth in poor countries.
Physical violence: About 6 in 10 females and 7 in 10 males reported experiencing physical violence prior to the
age of 18. Almost 1 out of 2 females and more than 4 in 10 males 13 to 17 years old reported that they experienced
physical violence in the past 12 months by either a relative, authority ﬁ gure (such as teachers) or an intimate
partner. Among females and males who experienced physical violence prior to the age of 18, approximately 4 in
10 reported physical violence by their mother. Almost 3 in 10 females and about 6 in 10...
During the past fifteen years, there has been a growing recognition among health care
professionals that domestic violence (DV), also known as intimate partner violence (IPV) is
a highly prevalent public health problem with devastating effects on individuals, families
and communities. Most Americans are seen at some point by a health care provider, and
the health care setting offers a critical opportunity for early identification and even the
primary prevention of abuse.
IPV is a health problem of enormous proportions. It is estimated that between 20 and 30%
of women and 7.5% of men in the United States have been physically and/or sexually
abused by an intimate partner at some point in their adult lives.
6, 7, 8
are five to eight times more likely than heterosexual men to be victimized by an intimate
From 1993 to 1998, victimization by an intimate accounted for 22% of the violent
crime experienced by females and 3% of the violent crime sustained by males.