Research objectives: Local state budgets: The concepts and establishment of local state budgets; the development investment from local state budgets: The organic relationship between the development investment from local state budget and development investment in the area in general as well as examined the relation between the development investment from local state budget and the socio-economic development of a province.
This study seeks to analyse FDI inflows into Laos and to investigate their impact on the economic development of Laos. The desired outcome of this research aims at confirming the linkage between FDI inflows in Laos and the economic development indicators including GNI per capita, financial capital, level of technology, human capital, energy and natural resources, transportation and communication.
After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the idea of present value and explain why it is critical in making financial decisions; identify and distinguish between the most common financial investments: stocks, bonds, and mutual funds; discuss how investment returns compensate for being patient and for bearing risk; explain portfolio diversification and why it implies that investors can focus on nondiversifiable risk when evaluating an investment opportunity.
The market leading Essentials of Investments, 6e by Bodie, Kane and Marcus is an undergraduate textbook on investment analysis, presenting the practical applications of investment theory to convey insights of practical value. The authors have eliminated unnecessary mathematical detail and concentrate on the intuition and insights that will be useful to practitioners throughout their careers as new ideas and challenges emerge from the financial marketplace.
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Foreign direct investment may improve productivity through technology
transfer on the one hand, and it may also have other positive external effects through
corporate linkages (e.g. market access, or improved terms of financing) on the other
hand, thus promoting economic growth. These beneficial effects are not automatic,
though. Until the mid-nineties Hungary had played a leading role within the region
in attracting investments. After 1999, however, the country started accumulating
increasing competitive disadvantages as compared to its competitors.
The last decade has been one of rapid, profound, and
ongoing change in the investments industry. This is
due in part to an abundance of newly designed
securities, in part to the creation of new trading
strategies that would have been impossible without
concurrent advances in computer and communications
technology, and in part to continuing advances in the
theory of investments. Of necessity, our text has
evolved along with the financial markets. In this
edition, we address many of the changes in the
In order to expand economic co-operation with foreign countries and to make
contribution to the modernization, industrialization and development of the
national economy on the basis of the efficient exploitation and utilization of
In recent years, Viet Nam’s economy has benefited from its Government’s open-door policy. With a stable political environment and its economic potential, Viet Nam is an attractive destination for foreign investors.
Motivation for Developing the Course
Research by the members of the project consortium Employers’ Confederation
of Latvia and Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry indicated the need for
further education courses.
Innovative Content of the Course
The course is developed to include the following innovative content:
• Key concepts of investment analysis and portfolio management which are
explained from an applied perspective emphasizing the individual
investors‘decision making issues...
Welcome to Real Estate Investing For Dummies, 2nd Edition! We’re
delighted to be your tour guides. Throughout this book, we emphasize
three fundamental cornerstones that we believe to be true:
✓ Real estate is one of the three time-tested ways for people of varied economic
means to build wealth (the others are stocks and small business).
Over the long-term (decades), you should be able to make an annualized
return of at least 8 to 10 percent per year investing in real estate.
There is a Wall of Silence separating you from some of the best performing investments in the world today.
Some of these investments are hidden from you because of obsolete regulations and others purely out of
ignorance (since most brokers are primarily salesmen, not true investment analysts). Even more are kept from
you for the purpose of protecting the self interests of Wall Street.
This virtual information blackout on these top-performing alternative investments could be costing you a
As you’ll learn in this report…
The last two decades have witnessed an extensive growth in foreign direct investment
(FDI) flows to developing countries. This has been accompanied by an increase in
competition amongst the developing countries to attract FDI, resulting in a rise in
investment incentives offered by the host governments and removal of restrictions on
operations of foreign firms in their countries. This has also led to an ever-increasing
number of bilateral investment treaties (BITs) and regional agreements on...
Motivation for Developing the Course Research by the members of the project consortium Employers’ Confederation of Latvia and Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry indicated the need for further education courses. Innovative Content of the Course The course is developed to include the following innovative content: • Key concepts of investment analysis and portfolio management which are explained from an applied perspective emphasizing the individual investors‘decision making issues
Traditional Supply Chain Management (SCM) aims at movement of goods and services from one end of
this chain to the other through different stages so as to improve the efficiency, productivity and profitability
of the entire process. As SCM spans across the economic functions of the entire value chain of
a product or service, it is vital for a company to join in, form, or coordinate its business related supply
chains, forming various kinds of business relationships.
Investment in macro economics, only the increase of capital to increase future production capacity. Investment, therefore, also known as form of capital or capital accumulation. However, only increased from the increase of material production capacity will be counted. Also increased capital in financial and monetary sector and real estate business is excluded. The growth of private capital (up production equipment) are called private investment
The European economy is in the midst of the deepest recession since the 1930s, with real GDP projected
to shrink by some 4% in 2009, the sharpest contraction in the history of the European Union. Although
signs of improvement have appeared recently, recovery remains uncertain and fragile. The EU’s response
to the downturn has been swift and decisive. Aside from intervention to stabilise, restore and reform the
banking sector, the European Economic Recovery Plan (EERP) was launched in December 2008.
Fueled in part by some extraordinary theoretical developments in finance, an explosive growth of information and computing technology, and the global expansion of investment activity, investment theory currently commands a high level of intellectual attention. Recent developments in the field are being infused into university classrooms, financial service organizations, business ventures, and into the awareness of many individual investors. Modern investment theory using the language of mathematics is now an essential aspect of academic and practitioner training....
Today's international trade is radically more complex. The revolution in information
and communication technologies fostered an internationalisation of supply chains
which created a nexus between trade, investment, and services which is at the heart of
so much of today's international commerce.
Fundamental changes in recent decades have heightened the need for new and viable
solutions to the problems of international trade.
Foreigners invested $325 billion in U.S. businesses and real estate in 2008, according to data
published by the Department of Commerce.1 As Figure 1 shows, this represents a sharp increase
over the $237 billion invested in 2007. Investments abroad by U.S. parent firms fell slightly in
2008 to $318 billion, down from the $333 billion they invested abroad in 2007. The increase in
foreign direct investment flows mirrors a turnaround in global flows. According to the United
Nations’ World Investment Report, global foreign direct investment inflows increased by 30% in
2007 and 38% in 2006....