Investment and development

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  • Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) – investment by foreign companies in overseas subsidiaries or joint ventures – has a traditional reliance on natural resource use and extraction,particularly agriculture, mineral and fuel production. Though this balance has shifted in recent years, the poorest countries still receive a disproportionate amount of investment flows into their natural resource sectors.

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  • The investors issue various types of funds and more than 60% of investment focuses are in Islamic, Bond/ Income, Equities and Aggressive/ Growth. The investors’ overall perception towards LPTs and investment strategies on LPTs are shown in Table 1 below. 85% of investors (18 respondents) have neutral perception of LPTs, out of which 52% may consider but 33% of investors will not invest in LPTs in future. Only 5% of investors have previously invested in LPT but is not seeking for further investment. In summary, the study tends to agree with Shun (2004) that...

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  • The partnership was formalized by the creation of a steering committee that was entrusted with the design, objectives, and content of the event. The steering committee provided guidance and specific recommendations on the design of the international workshop, and its members took an active role in the plenary sessions of the workshop. The steering committee completed its mandate with the revision and approval of the present publication of the workshop proceedings.

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  • Poverty and social inequalities in childhood have profound effects on the health of children, and their impact on health continues to reverberate throughout the life course into late adulthood. Globally and historically, poverty has been the major determinant of child and adult health1 and, even in rich nations such as the UK, it remains a major cause of ill health with huge public health consequences.

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  • The federal government’s investment in the research and development (R&D) being conducted at the nation’s universities and colleges has grown considerably in recent years and represents a pivotal part of the U.S. innovation system—one that advances knowledge of the world and provides critical training to the next generation of scientists and engineers. The analysis in this report assesses that investment. The analysis drew on the RAND Corporation’s RaDiUS (

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  • In order to expand economic co-operation with foreign countries and to make contribution to the modernization, industrialization and development of the national economy on the basis of the efficient exploitation and utilization of national resources;

    pdf84p daokim 22-07-2009 149 33   Download

  • I have had many sources of inspiration for this work. During my research, I found that the subject attracted considerable interest in scattered corners of the world. In spite of a voluminous literature in the field, observers in diverse locations and positions shared a view, perhaps for different reasons, that some crucial links and relationships had so far been bypassed. My ambition was to build on the knowledge and insights accumulated in economics while trying to explore some new avenues of approach....

    pdf220p layon_5 28-03-2013 30 14   Download

  • Since 2005, the international development perspectives have broadened, with new funding sources, partnerships and configurations of stakeholders. Global public-health initiatives such as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) and the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) have matured their operations and increasingly become significant sources of revenue for national health budgets in many low-income countries.

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  • It is widely acknowledged that over the last 30 years or so we have experienced a dramatic increase in the globalisation of economic activity. International trade, cross-border investment, portfolio capital flows and migration have all increased. As a consequence economies have become more open and more interdependent. Because economies have become more ‘joined-up’, national welfare has become more sensitive to events and developments beyond national frontiers, which is one of the reasons why globalisation has become a controversial issue.

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  • The Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development (United Nations, 2002a) places the mobilization of domestic financial resources for development at the centre of the pursuit of economic growth, poverty eradication and sustainable development. It points to the need for “the necessary internal conditions for mobilizing domestic savings (and) sustaining adequate levels of productive investment” and stresses the importance of fostering a “dynamic and well-functioning business sector”.

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  • In April 2000, the Japanese government established the National Strategy for Industrial Technology in order to identify challenges and solutions for Japanese industrial technology in the twenty-first century. The Second Science and Technology Basic Plan, a five year plan that started in 2001, is a part of this national strategy. According to this plan, a total of approximately $200 billion will be invested in governmental research and development.

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  • Our results suggest that both monetary policy and capital inows shocks have a signicant and positive effect on house prices, credit to the private sector and residential investment. The effects of both shocks are greater in countries with a higher degree of mortgage market development, with the effect of monetary policy shocks roughly doubling. This suggests that excessive nancial innovation may act as a propagation mechanism. The existence of mortgage-backed securities has a much larger effect on the transmission of capital inows shocks.

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  • To preview the results, we nd that both capital inows and monetary policy shocks have a statistically signicant effect on real private credit, real residential investment and real house prices. Moreover, capital inows do not appear to be associated with inationary pressures or with substantial increases in output, suggesting that a central bank that follows a standard Taylor rule would see little reason to respond to these shocks.

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  • As indicated above, while YouthAIDS highlighted PSI’s ability to manage consumer brands, this same discipline had not been applied to the corporate “PSI brand.” PSI’s core audience was defined as those who influence resource decisions for public health investments in developing countries. As a result, PSI had focused its branding and outreach efforts with multi- and bi- lateral government donors. PSI had not been historically marketed to a broader audience and was not well-known to the general public.

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  • As noted, actions foreseen within the Social Business Initiative (and on Corporate Social Responsibility and Socially Responsible Investing) could also contribute to addressing the issues explored in this Impact Assessment. Actions under the Initiative have been laid out in detail in the Social Business Communication adopted on 25th October.

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  • Trading partner Canada has established the Canadian Adaptation and Rural Development (CARD), national and regional adaptation programs that provide assistance to the sector in the area of research, innovation, capturing market opportunities, environmental sustainability, food safety and quality, human resource capacity building and rural development.

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  • The authorities have reached consensus on the way forward for a Debt Resolution Strategy with Cabinet approval of the Zimbabwe Accelerated Arrears Clearance, Debt and Development Strategy (ZAADDS) in 2010.

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  • A focus on developing countries and transition economies. These are investment funds included in the stock-taking focus on investments in developing countries, particularly SSA and transition economies. Whenever the fund’s operations also include former transition economies (e.g. EU-member countries such as Romania and Poland), the respective fund has been included in the stock-taking, due to the particular interest in the EECA agricultural sector. These funds also tended to have a more private focus than many in SSA and serve as examples for other regions....

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  • Additional efforts are underway to further increase the attractiveness of capital market investment in Brazil. The income tax exemption was extended to foreign investors’ investments in long term corporate bonds and infrastructure bonds. 6 The private sector is also keen on this policy agenda. The private capital markets association (Anbima) launched a “New Fixed Income Market” project to facilitate long-term financing operation.

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  • Several of the success stories highlighted in the Law Enforcement Cases section are groundbreaking cases in the use of charging and in successful convictions. Of particular note, we discuss a conviction on structuring charges where there was no allegation that the funds were illegally derived. In Issues & Guidance, we present an article on the value of BSA data that provides material that BSA Compliance Officers may consider adapting for use when addressing their Boards of Directors.

    pdf44p quaivattim 01-12-2012 23 5   Download

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