International Investment Agreements: A survey of Environmental, Labour and Anti-corruption Issues*
This paper surveys the societal dimension of 296 international investment agreements (IIAs) signed by the 30 member countries and of by the 9 non-member countries that participate formally in OECD investment work. Annex 3.A1 to the paper looks at the same issues for 131 IIAs signed by 15 developing countries (including China and India) that are not part of the OECD sample.
The definition of investor and investment is key to the scope of application of rights and obligations of investment agreements and to the establishment of the jurisdiction of investment treaty-based arbitral tribunals. This factual survey of state practice and jurisprudence aims to clarify the requirements to be met by individuals and corporations in order to
investment agreements between host countries and foreign investors. The meaning of the umbrella clauses is one of the most controversial issues with which international arbitral tribunals have been recently confronted with while adjudicating investment disputes brought before them. Through a wide review of the specific textual provisions included in investment agreements,
Investors in common stock use net income as a key measure of
profitability, but the custom in REIT world is to use funds from
operations (FFO). The historical preference for FFO rather than
net income relates to the concept of depreciation. The Securities
and Exchange Commission (SEC), under federal securities laws,
requires that all publicly traded companies file audited financial
In order to expand economic co-operation with foreign countries and to make
contribution to the modernization, industrialization and development of the
national economy on the basis of the efficient exploitation and utilization of
The publication of the very first issue of a new journal is always an exciting
and eagerly awaited event. International Trade and Business Law Journal
publishes articles, comments, case notes, and book reviews on foreign law,
comparative law, and international trade law. This first issue contains articles
on the International Sales Convention (Honnold), European Monetary Union
(Follak), quality and title warranties in transfers of computer software
(Adams), and legal aspects of foreign investment in Vietnam (Trai Le)....
The Mexican legal system is a mixture of U.S. constitutional theory within a civil law system.
Mexico’s legal framework concerning real property includes the Federal Constitution, Federal
Civil Code, state civil codes, municipal laws and ordinances. Additionally, the Foreign Investment
Law and Foreign Investment Law Regulations regulate foreign investment. In Mexico, real
property is classified as either public, private or communal, the nature of which will affect the
property’s use and potential alienation.
This book examines the coherent international tax regime that is embodied both in
the tax treaty network and in domestic laws, and the way it forms a signiﬁcant part of
international law, both treaty-based and customary. The practical implication is that
countries are not free to adopt any international tax rules they please, but rather operate
in the context of the regime, which changes in the same ways international law changes
Tham khảo sách 'new tax law simplified 2011: tax relief from the hire act, health care reform, and more', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, quản trị kinh doanh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
The Real Estate Investing Dictionary By Adam Bryan Smashwords Edition Copyright 2012 Diamondhead Studios by Adam Bryan Smashwords Edition, License Notes This ebook is licensed for your personal enjoyment only. This ebook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each recipient. If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to Smashwords.com and purchase your own copy.
Tham khảo sách 'making the most of agricultural investment: a survey of business models that provide opportunities for smallholders', tài chính - ngân hàng, đầu tư bất động sản phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
Tham khảo sách 'state liability in investment treaty arbitration: global constitutional and administrative law in the bit generation', kinh tế - quản lý, luật phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
This Article offers an assessment of the preliminary evidence that the market for corporate
control functions as a disciplinary mechanism for poor corporate governance in Korea. It analyzes
SK Corporation’s fight against Sovereign Asset Management, contest for control over the
Hyundai Group, KT&G’s fight against Carl Icahn, and LG Group and Carlyle’s proxy contest
against Hanaro Telecom, together with relevant laws and regulations.
In 1998, the income of English football clubs was in the region of £700 million.
Since 1990, clubs have spent £600 million in upgrading grounds. The net asset
value of the 92 clubs is around £200 million, rising to over £1 billion if the
players in whose contracts the clubs invest are regarded as assets. The current
Premier League TV deal alone is worth £670 million over five years
(Szymanski and Kuypers, 2000, p 1).
The first football club to be listed on the stock market was Tottenham
Hotspur, back in 1983, when Irving Scholar was chairman....
After reading this chapter, you will be able to answer the following questions: What is a security? What requirements are imposed by the Securities Act of 1933? How does the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 regulate the trading of securities? How are investment companies regulated? How do states regulate securities?
Adjusted present value (APV) The net present value analysis of an asset if financed solely by equity (present value of un-levered cash flows), plus the present value of any financing decisions (levered cash flows). In other words, the various tax shields provided by the deductibility of interest and the benefits of other investment tax credits are calculated separately. This analysis is often used for highly leveraged transactions such as a leverage buy-out.
We interviewed experts to explain the growth of Luxembourg and Ireland. Tiny Luxembourg grew to
be a European mutual fund hub, fueled by favorable bank secrecy and tax laws as well as its central
location. The growth of Ireland (Dublin in particular) on the other hand, was driven by a tax advantage
given to management companies and a highly educated labor force. In particular, until recently, fund
management companies paid a tax of only 10% on their income (relative to a 32% corporate income tax
in Ireland) and they were allowed extra deductions for rental...
This book is a multidisciplinary volume, comprising of four parts. After
a short introduction by the editors, outlining the theme of the book,
Santarelli, a skilful scholar of legal history, deals with the common origin
of Islamic and Western traditions in commercial and banking transactions,
in a period in which Italian merchants and their organizations had been at
the forefront of the post- medieval renaissance in trade and law (Part I).
In Part II Gian Maria Piccinelli, Frank Vogel, Muhammad Fahim
Khan and the young Valentino Cattelan present the main features of