Investors and financiers

Xem 1-20 trên 304 kết quả Investors and financiers
  • The economic and financial crisis that arose in summer 2007 led to a significant increase in perceptions of risk in the economy, resulting in a sizeable rise in risk and liquidity premia on credit markets. Given the nature of the crisis, the financial sector was particularly affected, with respect to its financing via both the money market and the bond market, which may have had an impact on the retail interest rates offered by banks to busi- nesses and households.

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  • Social sustainability emerges from ideas about good corporate citizenship and social responsibility. When used in conjunction with triple bottom line frameworks, the term implies that humans matter at least as much as economics and the environment. It is concerned with the durability and function at 3 levels: the broad scale of social networks, the more intimate level of relationships, and the individual quantum of well-being. All 3 of these levels feed into the productivity mix.

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  • Our approach is motivated by the statistical finding that the market value of fixed income instruments exhibit a low-dimensional factor structure. Indeed, a large literature has documented that the prices of many types of bonds comove strongly, and that these common movements are summarized by a small number of factors. It follows that for any fixed income position, there is a portfolio in a few bonds that approximately replicates how the value of the position changes with innovations to the factors.

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  • The process of applying IAS 39 across the complexity of business has thrown up some surprises. For many, this challenge is only just beginning as they embed IFRS-based numbers in their internal management and reporting processes, rather than creating them as an ‘add-on’ exercise carried out by head office at the end of the reporting chain. The challenge is compounded by the fact that IAS 39 has changed significantly in recent years and continues to change. In addition, it is only as IAS 39 is applied widely in practice that certain issues have come to light.

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  • Unfortunately, the construct of situational interest often carries a neg- ative connation and is regularly contrasted with the more desirable dispo- sitional interest—interest associated with intentional, learner-directed activity. Situational interest is temporary and superficial, rather than enduring and substantial. Garner, Gillingham and White’s (1989) work on how “seductive details” can distract readers from the main point of a text emphasizes this point.

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  • SERS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS INCLUDED management of a company's shareholders, bondholders, security analysts, vendors, lending institutions, employees, labor unions, management agencies, and the general public. They use financial statements to make decisions. For example, potential investors use financial statements as an aid in deciding whether to buy shares. The supplier uses financial statements to decide whether or not to sell goods for a credit card company. Labor unions to use financial statements to help identify their needs as they negotiate for workers....

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  • Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons is the oldest independent publishing company in the United States. With offices in North America, Europe, Australia, and Asia, Wiley is globally committed to developing and marketing print and electronic products and services for our customers’ professional and personal knowledge and understanding. The Wiley Finance series contains books written specifically for finance and investment professionals as well as sophisticated individual investors and their financial advisors.

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  • The process of financial reporting, financial statement analysis, and valuation is intended to help investors and analysts to deeply understand a firm’s profitability and risk and to use that information to forecast future profitability and risk and ultimately value the firm, enabling intelligent investment decisions. This process lies at the heart of the role of accounting, financial reporting, capital markets, investments, portfolio management, and corporate management in the world economy.

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  • The process of financial reporting, financial statement analysis, and valuation is intended to help investors and analysts to deeply understand a firm’s profitability and risk and to use that information to forecast future profitability and risk and ultimately value the firm, enabling intelligent investment decisions. This process lies at the heart of the role of accounting, financial reporting, capital markets, investments, portfolio management, and corporate management in the world economy.

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  • The purpose of this chapter is to outline a comprehensive framework for financial statement analysis. Because financial statements provide the most widely available data on public corporations’ economic activities, investors and other stakeholders rely on financial reports to assess the plans and performance of firms and corporate managers. A variety of questions can be addressed by business analysis using financial statements, as shown in the following examples: • A security analyst may be interested in asking: “How well is the firm I am following performing?...

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  • Most business books give you the same old advice: Write a business plan, study the competition, seek investors, yadda yadda. If you're looking for a book like that, put this one back on the shelf.Rework shows you a better, faster, easier way to succeed in business. Read it and you'll know why plans are actually harmful, why you don't need outside investors, and why you're better off ignoring the competition. The truth is, you need less than you think. You don't need to be a workaholic. You don't need to staff up. You don't need to waste time on paperwork...

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  • Taxes matter! Nobody seriously doubts this. Yet many finance textbooks keep entirely quiet about tax issues. It is well-known that investors and enterprises strive to maximize their income net of taxes, yet business schools rarely teach their stu- dents how tax effects impact business decisions. Ignoring tax effects will typically lead to investor decisions that are wrong froma real world perspective.

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  • During the last decade, hedge funds have become one of the most important institutional investors in global financial markets. Although their activities have been viewed critically by regulators, politicians, and the public, this negative perspective is often based more on myth than on thorough economic analysis and empirical facts. Most people lack the necessary information and understanding of the role that hedge funds play in financial markets. Blaming them for the financial crisis or other market turbulences is often based on specific conjectures and not on rigorous research.

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  • In Japan, credit ratings issued by Designated Rating Agencies (DRA) are used to estimate market risks and counterparty risks for the purpose of calculating the capital adequacy ratios for securities companies. 12 Japan also noted that for calculating the capital adequacy ratios for banks and other deposit-taking institutions, credit ratings issued by ECAIs are used subject to the Financial Services Agency (JFSA) ordinance under the Banking Act.

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  • What our initial study did contemplate, however, was that support measures need to be flexible to fulfill the markets’ needs. A wide spectrum of financial intermediaries, active in microfinance in the EU (microfinance institutions, “MFIs”), has been developing, and the product range offered to them has to be sufficiently wide in order to meet their diverse needs and to enable them to provide efficient support to the final beneficiaries. Now, the roll-out of Progress Microfinance is well under way since end of 2010.

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  • Leveraging refers to the process by which private sector capital is mobilised as a consequence of the use of public sector finance and financial instruments. Public finance can „crowd in‟ private capital by compensating private investors for what would otherwise be lower than their required risk-adjusted rates of return (AGF, 2010). There is no uniform methodology to calculate leverage ratios of public to private finance, and different financial institutions report this ratio in different ways.

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  • This paper introduces Shariah-compliant investment by reviewing its key terms and concepts, assessing its market size and potential, and outlining its opportunities and challenges for investors and financiers. Shariah-compliant investment represents a series of ethical financial transactions that are organised in accordance with Islamic law. The range of investment opportunities complying with Muslim religious beliefs has historically been fairly limited.

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  • Governance research in accounting exploits the role of accounting information as a source of credible information variables that support the existence of enforceable contracts, such as compensation contracts with payoffs to managers contingent on realized measures of performance, the monitoring of managers by boards of directors and outside investors and regulators, and the exercise of investor rights granted by existing securities laws. The remainder of Section 3 is organized as follows. Section 3.

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  • Before using the “EDORA cube” to provide a framework for a “broad-brush” review of socio- economic performance across “non-urban” Europe (section 3) it will be helpful to provide a simple statistical assessment of the “independence” of the D-P and Structural types. The distinctiveness of the types may be assessed in a variety of different ways. For example the statistical differences between the types of each typology may be tested on the basis of the indicators used in the classification.

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  • Lesser amounts of lipases are used in oleochemical transformations (Bornscheuer, 2000). Lipases can play an important role in the processing of g-linolenic acid, a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA); astaxanthine, a food colorant; methyl ketones, flavor molecules char- acteristic of blue cheese; 4-hydroxydecanoic acid used as a precursor of g-decalactone, a fruit flavor; dicarboxylic acids for use as prepolymers; interesterification of cheaper glycerides to more valuable forms (e.g., cocoa butter replacements for use in chocolate manufacture) (Undurraga et al.

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