Failure to adequately define [sample] support has long been a source of confusion in site characterization and remediation because risk due to long-term exposure may involve areal supports of hundreds or thousands of square meters; removal by backhoe or front-end loader may involve minimum remediation units of 5 or 10 m2; and sample measurements may be taken on soil cores only a few centimeters in diameter. (Englund and Heravi, 1994) The importance of this observation cannot be overstated.
This study examines how different types of performance measures were
weighted in a subjective balanced scorecard bonus plan adopted by a major financial
services firm. Drawing upon economic and psychological studies on performance evaluation
and compensation criteria, we develop hypotheses regarding the weights placed
on different types of measures.
Flow measurement is a basic tool in industry, engineering and research. The existing
applications reveal the evolution and development of new methods and devices
through the years. Some of the latest emerging technologies, such as microelectronics
and nanotechnology, have put forward new challenges in the flow measurement and
are treated at the beginning of this book.
This book comprises 8 chapters divided into 4 sections, starting with “microflows”,
followed by the “biphasic” and “gas flow”.
Minimally Invasive Surgery represents the future of many types of medical interventions such
as keyhole neurosurgey or transluminal endoscopic surgery. These procedures involve insertion
of surgical instruments such as needles and endoscopes into human body through small
incision/ body cavity for biopsy and drug delivery.
that the end-user expects to have at his disposal a complete text rather than an alternating sequence of ~sentence) segments look and blanks. On the other hand, everyone involved in MT would agree fice for such a system to be applicable information a c q u i s i t i o n and would be capable to meet the main r e q u i r e m e n t s by average users. 2.1 The specific purposes of the system of fail-soft C"emergency") measures to and
set up who has ever made even a p e...
In the past years, a number of lexical association measures have been studied to help extract new scientiﬁc terminology or general-language collocations. The implicit assumption of this research was that newly designed term measures involving more sophisticated statistical criteria would outperform simple counts of cooccurrence frequencies. We here explicitly test this assumption.
Food availability, access, stability and utilization are all part of the multi-dimensional nature of food security. The “availability” aspect, discussed here, refers to the availability of sufficient quantities of food of appropriate quality, supplied through domestic production or inputs.
Productivity is usually considered the ultimate benchmark when comparing the performance of agricultural systems. For example, those involved in agricultural research and development want to know how much yield would be reduced if conventional agriculture were converted to organic agriculture.
This is the fifth book in the series of five ITIL core
publications containing advice and guidance
around the activities and processes associated with
the five stages of the service lifecycle. The primary
purpose of the continual service improvement
stage of the service lifecycle is to learn from
experience and to apply that learning in order to
continually improve the quality of IT services and
to optimize costs.
The purpose of this handbook is to provide in one location detailed, up-to-date information on various
facets of mass measurement that will be useful to those involved in mass metrology at the highest level
(at national standards laboratories, for example), in science and engineering, in industry and commerce,
in legal metrology, and in more routine mass measurements or weighings. We have pursued clarity and
hope that we have in some measure succeeded.
ndustrial process tomography remains a multidisciplinary field with considerable interest for many varied participants. Indeed this adds greatly to its appeal. It is a pleasure and a privilege to once again act as guest editor for a special feature issue of Measurement Science and Technology on industrial process tomography, the last being in December 2002. Those involved in the subject appreciate the efforts of Measurement Science and Technology in producing another issue and I thank the journal on their behalf....
In everyday life we are often forced to make decisions involving risks and
perceived opportunities. The consequences of our decisions are affected by the
outcomes of random variables that are to various degrees beyond our control. Such
decision problems arise, for instance, in financial and insurance markets.
Oscilloscopes are essential tools for checking circuit operation and diagnosing faults, and an enormous range of models are available. But which is the right one for a particular application? Which features are essential and which not so important? Ian Hickman has the answers.
This handy guide to oscilloscopes is essential reading for anyone who has to use a 'scope for their work or hobby: electronics designers, technicians, anyone in industry involved in test and measurement, electronics enthusiasts...
.Advance Praise for Pricing, Risk, and Performance Measurement in Practice
“The book represents a fresh and innovative departure from ‘traditional’ approaches to modelling of securities data. Subsequently, it also presents much more flexible ways to analyze and process the data. Even if you are not involved with re-architecting an organization’s master data handling, there are numerous ideas, principles, and nuggets that make it a worthwhile read.” –Dr.
Having dealt with in-depth analysis of SS#7, GSM and GPRS networks I started to monitor
UTRAN interfaces approximately four years ago. Monitoring interfaces means decoding
the data captured on the links and analysing how the different data segments and messages
are related to each other. In general I wanted to trace all messages belonging to a single
call to prove if the network elements and protocol entities involved worked fine or if there
had been failures or if any kind of suspicious events had influenced the normal call
proceeding or the call’s quality of service.
We live in an age that is dominated by the “I know what I want and I want it now” attitude. It is a time of fast food and quick fixes. A time of self before everything and Me! Me! Me! A rat race of the lowest kind. Keeping up has never seemed more important-a mentality of getting rich quick at any cost. This attitude is also why many people are getting involved with the commodity and futures industry.
Financial accountancy (or financial accounting) is the field of accountancy concerned
with the preparation of financial statements for decision makers, such as stockholders,
suppliers, banks, employees, government agencies, owners and other stakeholders.
Financial capital maintenance can be measured in either nominal monetary units or units of
constant purchasing power. The central need for financial accounting is to reduce the
various principal-agent problems, by measuring and monitoring the agents' performance
and thereafter reporting the results to interested users.
It is diﬃcult to discern exposures from institutions’ reported credit market posi-
tions. Indeed, common data sources such as annual reports and regulatory ﬁlings record
accounting measures on a large and diverse number of credit market instruments. Ac-
counting measures are not necessarily comparable across positions. For example, the
economic value of two loans with the same book value but diﬀerent maturities will react
quite diﬀerently to changes in interest rates. At the same time, many instruments are
close substitutes and thus entail essentially the same market risk.
This book proposes a framework for a national-scale program to monitor changes
in mercury concentrations in the environment following the reduction of atmospheric
mercury emissions. The book is the product of efforts initiated at a workshop held
in Pensacola, Florida, in September 2003, involving more than 30 experts in the
fields of atmospheric mercury transport and deposition, mercury cycling in terrestrial
and aquatic ecosystems, and mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic food webs and
Because of improvements in air quality, such
deadly air pollution episodes are rare in U.S. cities.
Modern research methods have shown, however,
that deaths and serious illnesses from common
air pollutants still occur at levels well below
regulatory standards, and at current levels in
New York and most large cities. Local actions to
further reduce air pollution will mean changes in
policies and behaviors, and will require significant
investments in new vehicles and other equipment.