Irreversibility and uncertainty

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  • Many have gone above and beyond the call of duty to make this special issue possible. The editorial team at Forced Migration Review has been the anchor on which we have all relied. The authors of the articles and those who submitted pieces we could not include deserve special recognition. Their work was done after-hours, often in the field during time they did not have. Ricardo Ernst, my fellow guest editor, has been an able partner responding with feed- back from all corners of the globe.

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  • Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC)1 is an option to the award-winning Oracle Database Enterprise Edition. Oracle RAC is a cluster database with a shared cache architecture that overcomes the limitations of traditional shared-nothing and shared-disk approaches to provide highly scalable and available database solutions for all your business applications. Oracle RAC is a key component of Oracle’s enterprise grid architecture and cloud foundation.

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  • From the epidemiological data (fixed base line increment per 10 µg/m3 PM10 per 1 million inhabitant) on the one hand and the average exposure level of the population on the other hand, the number of health outcomes can be determined. These calculations may be done for the current exposure to particulate matter as well as for a hypothetical situation without road traffic-related air pollution. The difference between the two results corresponds to the number of morbidity and mortality cases attributable to road traffic-related air pollution.

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  • We measured and tested whether the following variables affect walking (basis: 200m buffer around each child's shortest walking path): number of busy intersections crossed, intersection and street density, total daily vehicle-miles traveled, average vehicle speed along the route, population density, and land use (R Wilson, 2008). Sidewalk coverage data do not exist for Roseville and could not be tested in the model. We refined the model through systematic testing of independent variables as the differ- ence in log-likelihood ratios.

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  • In recent years, energy prices have become increasingly more expensive and volatile. This trend has added to auto ownership costs and uncertainty about future operating expenses. Moreover, parking in many of the world’s largest cities is limited and costly further adding to private vehicle expenditures. Many nations worldwide have adopted carsharing (or short-term auto access) as a means to reduce personal transportation costs and the negative impacts of widespread auto use including: congestion, inefficient land use, energy consumption, and emissions.

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  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'guide to infectious diseases for schools and day care centers', y tế - sức khoẻ, sức khỏe trẻ em phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Full term infants that are disproportionately small at birth, however, may be the result of short-term insults in the third trimester, for example, that promote weight and muscle loss but spare brain and body length (Gould, 1989). These infants may have the ability to catch up in growth where the environment fulfills health and nutritional needs (Adair, 1999). In industrialized countries, access to intensive care technology influence an infant’s long-term prognosis (Dashe et al 2000), although such technology is not available to the majority of Indonesian women. ...

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  • Paying interest on reserves would seem to be expensive from the Treasury’s point of view. Interest earnings ordinarily transferred by a central bank as tax revenue to the Treasury would be diverted to pay interest on reserves. Moreover, the payment of interest on reserves would induce banks to enlarge substantially the quantity of reserves demanded, greatly enlarging the interest that a central bank would have to pay.

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  • Ouedraogo et al. 2006). Most patients presented with symptoms suspicious for TB; thus, lack of diagnostic sensitivity of health workers is of concern (Wandwalo & Morkve 2000). Afghanistan has the highest TB burden in south Asia (World Health Organization 2007). While health services are expanding and quality improving, gaps in access and deficient quality of some interventions persist. The Ministry of Public Health adopted a Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) in 2003, which provides standard primary care services for districts covering 77% of the population.

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  • Reproductive Health (RH) is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being (not merely the absence of disease and infirmity) in all matters relating to the reproduc- tive system and its functions and processes. Reproductive health therefore implies that people are able to have a satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so.

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  • The predominant and persistent indoor VOCs included aldehydes (e.g., formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, pentanal, hexanal and nonanal) and terpene hydrocarbons (e.g., a-pinene, 3-carene and d-limonene), which are characteristic of wood product emissions. Other compounds of interest included phenol, naphthalene, and other aromatic hydrocarbons. VOC concentrations were generally typical of results reported for other new houses. Measurements of total VOCs were used to evaluate short-term changes in indoor VOC concentrations. ...

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  • A case study of an excellent Spanish–English bilingual reader (Jiménez et al., 1995) shows the use of similar strategies for identifying words and comprehending text in both languages, and the frequent use of information from the other language. A larger- scale study carried out by the same group (Jiménez et al.

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  • Many Roman villas had under-floor heating which would have been especially useful in the British winter! The Roman name, hypocaust, is Ancient Greek meaning ‘fire beneath’. The floor was supported on short columns made of stacked tiles. A fire would be kept burning (very hard work for the slaves!) in the furnace room, and the hot air would move through the under-floor area, heating the rooms above. The hot air and smoke escaped through channels in the walls. To make your hypocaust system, you will need to raise up your whole villa by around 6cm.

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  • In addition to redefi ning the calculation of capital requirements and establish- ing a supervisory review process under Pillars 1 and 2, Basel II imposes new and enhanced disclosure obligations on credit institutions under its third pillar. The purpose of Pillar 3 is to ensure greater transparency in terms of banks’ activities and risk strategies, as well as to enhance comparability across credit institutions – which is all in the interests of market participants.

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  • Because time-series studies focus on a given geographic location over a number of years, factors that are often thought to influence the health of the population, such as percentage of smokers, income level, occupational exposure to pollutants, access to medical care and age distribution, do not need to be incorporated into the analysis as they are considered to remain relatively constant within the study area over time. Typically, the only other factors aside from pollution included in these models are weather variables and seasonal controls.

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  • The M.Ed. program offers graduate licensure in elementary education (K-6), gifted education (K-12), and special education (K-12). In the M.Ed. program, students hone skills for implementing appropriate instruction and differentiating curriculum for special needs students while deepening their understanding of the different content areas. Though skill development is an important aspect of the program, empowering teachers to make professionally mature decisions and developing collaborative leadership and research expertise are also emphasized. The M.Ed.

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  • The laws of random chance, however, also indicate that, after a period of above-average performance, a fund will probably return to normalcy at best (referred to by mathematicians as a "reversion to the mean"). 2 Furthermore, after an influx of new money, the fund's outlook may be even less promising than normal. The formerly successful fund may be more likely than other funds to underperform. The source of the underperformance...

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  • Despite the uncertainty around the appropriation and the limited discretionary funds we project we will have available, this business plan nevertheless will enable CPB to play a significant leadership role in our industry’s efforts to design and build the public media system of the future. We will fund major projects in content, television, radio, and digital media platforms. We will fund educational content that we know through research will help close the academic achievement gap between affluent and disadvantaged children.

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  • The second problem with accounting profits is that, unlike cash flow, they exclude investments. A growing business will invariably have to invest more in working and fixed capital, so that it could easily have positive earnings, but cash could be draining away. On the other hand, depreciation is deducted in the calculation of earnings even though it does not involve any cash outlay. So for a mature business with assets still being depreciated, earnings could well understate cash flows. Third, earnings ignore the time value of money.

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  • Co‐development by msi and Rivetuner, MSI releases the ultimate graphics card utility “Afterburner.” This utility enables all MSI graphics card users to boost performance and to monitor all kinds of critical information on the fly. Afterburner is a kind complete free utility which is compatible with almost all graphics cards. When you see this page, it means the MSI Afterburner installation is complete. Click to close the wizard. You can uncheck Run the MSI Afterburner and Show Readme if you really don't want to do these two things....

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