Alternative, far more complete, frameworks have been proposed (e.g., Tobin and De Macedo
(1980) and Branson and Henderson (1985)) which describe worlds in which mutual trading of
assets between two countries take place. But while these were path-breaking studies, neither
described the sequential processes which would bring about a state of equilibrium.
Much more complex, yet parsimonious, models have been proposed by Godley (1999), Godley
and Lavoie (2004) and Taylor (2004), which extended the earlier models by Tobin et al referred
What position do Tanzanian women hold in society? Do they have the same access to education as men? Can
they make important decisions about their health care or about the money they earn? Do they have any say in
their husbands’ behaviour? he answers to these and other important questions can be found in the results of
two recent surveys, the 2004-05 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey and the 2003-04 Tanzania HIV/
AIDS Indicator Survey.
hese surveys provide valuable new information about the status and well-being of women in Tanzania.
The role of monetary analysis in the ECB’s
monetary policy strategy is founded on the
robust positive relationship between longer-term
movements in broad money growth and inflation,
whereby money growth leads inflationary
developments. This relationship is found to hold
true across countries and monetary policy
The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in prevent-
ing health risks of environmental exposures as well as specialists and authorities
involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. The
guidelines are based on the accumulated scientific knowledge available at the
time of their development. They have the character of recommendations. Nev-
ertheless, countries may wish to use the guidelines as a scientific basis for legally
The book brings together the expert knowledge
from more than 40 internationally renowned scientists, and conveys the basic
information, from classification, analysis and treatment, to novel molecular
mechanism and principles observed in acute leukemia. It combines and assembles
scientific groups worldwide dealing with acute leukemia, from the molecular to the
clinical point of view. After a thorough revision of more than 30 reviews submitted,
only about 50 percent were selected for the first phase of this editorial process....
Studies about remittances have often focused on their wealth generating capacity through savings and
investment (Adams, 1998), the factors influencing their flow (El -Sakka, 1999), and their effects on the
recipient economies at the household level (Arif , 1999).
The program must be simple. Anything that requires the participants to constantly refer back to a
complicated program methodology to decipher the process, will not work because people will not take
the time to study and review the materials. Sadly, these are the new time constraint realities that
most management teams don’t understand. Your people, and those whom they lead, are
experiencing a time management crisis; this is a fact most fail to consider. Working harder is not the
answer. That’s why we spend so much time on proven “high-leverage, high-impact activities.
This is not to say that the US market has stalled: ReliOn, IdaTech and Altergy all found an early
market there and, while expanding their global reach, continue to supply systems for domestic
customers who reap the beneﬁ ts of reliable power. Altergy in particular has recently announced
some very large US orders, including a total of 22 MW of its 10 kW and 15 kW Freedom Power
fuel cell systems for mobile phone company MetroPCS for which deployments are underway.
Transurethral biopsy of the prostate was another approach that had been described but
unlike the previous method described it required a general anaesthetic and a period of
hospitalization. Denton et al. held that an extensive transurethral prostatectomy would
nearly always confirm the diagnosis (Denton et al., 1967) and Grabstald commented that this
transurethral biopsy might be useful in advanced tumours (Grabstald, 1965b).
The need for case management is particularly high among elderly patients suffering from
isolation, depression, frailty, or chronic or disabling conditions. Patients may lack the
social supports or capacity to reach out for help, and family members or other caregivers
may lack the resources they need to provide appropriate or adequate care. Given these
challenges, the fragmentation of social services in conjunction with medical care can
function as an overwhelming barrier to access necessary care to support the “whole
International migrants from developing countries
are of both rural and urban origin (ratios vary from
country to country and change over time
according to socio-economic conditions in both
sending and receiving areas). However, we will
focus on the rural factors that motivate vast
sectors of the population to consider migration in
order to improve their lives and diversify their
sources of income. During the last 50 years,
800 million people have migrated from rural to
urban areas, and it is expected that these
migrations will continue to increase.
The Global Findex data show sharp disparities in the use of financial services
between high-income and developing economies and across individual character-
istics. The share of adults in high-income economies with an account at a formal
financial institution is more than twice that in developing economies. And around
the world, men and more educated, wealthier, and older adults make greater use
of formal financial services.
Novel cross-country data on self-reported reasons for not having a formal ac-
count make it possible to identify barriers to financial inclusion.
The scientific world has changed. For nearly two centuries after Newton, his ideas held sway, and found
widespread adoption in many other disciplines. Subsequent advances in the sciences – from Einstein’s
relativity thinking to quantum physics – have since replaced the Newtonian world-view in many disciplines. In
particular, a more recent revolution in the scientific community looks set to finally change traditional manage-
ment – the new science of complexity.
Children are our most precious resource. Unfortunately, they do not have the skills to protect
themselves. Adults can, and must, protect them. Most States codify this obligation in various
child abuse and endangerment statutes. Still, many States fail to statutorily recognize the
relationship in the traffic safety context. For example, though virtually every State recognizes the
inherent dangers of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs (DUI or DWI), many do not
articulate special sanctions for DWI/DUI drivers with minor passengers.
Expenditure on R&D is low by OECD standards. Business R&D (BERD) is particularly low but
is growing faster than the OECD mean. However, as a proportion of total industry value added,
New Zealand small ﬁ rms undertake more BERD than small ﬁ rms in most other OECD countries.
International patenting rates are also well below the OECD mean and are not growing.
New Zealand has a relatively large proportion of R&D personnel in its workforce but they are
concentrated in the higher education sector and government.
This approach has several advantages. It keeps the board in its all-important policy-
setting role, and the executive in the policy-realization role. It keeps the board out of
the micromanaging details, and frees the executive to focus on results delivery. Inother
words, the focus is on making the organization succeed, per the board’s direction. The
approach also concentrates on measurable outcomes, which lessens the impact of sub-
jective personal opinion, and potentially reduces conflict over strongly held positions.
Hereby, the survey focuses on those measures, which have been notified by WTO Members
under the so called Green Box (Annex 2 of the AoA) as this is the AoA instrument which allows
for unlimited spending on domestic support measures that are not more than minimally trade-
distorting. Hereby, the notification practice of WTO Members is serving as a starting point.
Nevertheless, due to rather weak transparency and notification requirements, it is difficult to
determine whether all notified Green Box measures are really green or not.
With the increased use of technology to share information among law
enforcement agencies and the courts, it is common for jurisdictions to
place information regarding civil and criminal cases, including protection
orders, in secure governmental databases or on websites to allow for easy
access to case information. VAWA limits the personal information that can
be publicly posted on the Internet.
To explore specific institutional effects, we examine the influence of the legal
enforcement system. Without proper enforcement, legal institutions remain largely
ineffective. Moreover, in countries with weak legal systems, e.g., where rules are weakly
enforced, courts are inefficient and corruption is widespread, firms are more likely to abuse
accounting discretion. Thus, we hypothesize that ceteris paribus the quality of the legal
system and the informativeness of earnings are negatively associated.
Studies of predation by seals on fish in Atlantic Canada have focussed on harp seals and grey seals. Predation by harbour and hooded seals has also been estimated. Harp seals accounted for the largest amount of consumption, followed by hooded and grey seals. However, recent data on diets of hooded seals suggest that they may also be important predators.
Comprehensive estimates indicated that in 1996, harp seals consumed some 3 million tonnes of food in the Canadian Atlantic, whereas grey seals consumed some 314,000 tonnes.