Thermodynamics is one of the most exciting branches of physical chemistry which has greatly contributed to the modern science. Being concentrated on a wide range of applications of thermodynamics, this book gathers a series of contributions by the finest scientists in the world, gathered in an orderly manner. It can be used in post-graduate courses for students and as a reference book, as it is written in a language pleasing to the reader. It can also serve as a reference material for researchers to whom the thermodynamics is one of the area of interest....
In this book, a wide range of different topics related to analytical as well as numerical solutions of problems related to scattering, propagation, radiation, and emission in different medium are discussed. Design of several devices and their measurements aspects are introduced. Topics related to microwave region as well as Terahertz and quasi-optical region are considered. Bi-isotropic metamaterial in optical region is investigated.
The process, as described in step (c) is repeated for a shorter time to expose
the bottom silicon surface for further dry etching, as shown in Fig. 9(g). In order to expose sidewalls for
the wet etch release, the structure is deepened using a similar multi-step dry etch process as described in
step (d), except that low energy, high pressure isotropic dry etching is used instead of high energy, high
pressure to preserve the less robust silicon dioxide that had taken the place of Cr as the etch mask. This
deepening of the structure determines the gap between the...
Construction of bounds on the elastic moduli of isotropic multicomponent materials which involve three-point correlation parameters. We use numerical methods to study several representative material models. Construction of three-point correlation bounds on the effective elastic shear modulus of composite materials and applications of the bounds are given to some composites.
My introduction to membranes was as a graduate student in 1963. At that time
membrane permeation was a sub-study of materials science. What is now called
membrane technology did not exist, nor did any large industrial applications
of membranes. Since then, sales of membranes and membrane equipment have
increased more than 100-fold and several tens of millions of square meters of
membrane are produced each year—a membrane industry has been created.
This book focuses on the current research in the area of rheology. Rheological characterizations are performed on materials in order to understand the basic nature of a system, quality control of raw materials and final products. The rheological characterizations are important to study the effect of different parameters such as formulation, shelf life and temperature on the quality of final products.
Monte-Carlo modeling allows calculating the detector efficiency in gamma spectrometry of environmental samples with taking into consideration both the photon selfabsorption in sample itself and absorption in all other materials between the sample and the detector’s active part. In this paper, the peak efficiencies of the Hp Ge detector (GMX) for gammas at various energies (emitted isotropically from the standard disk source and volumetric source - environmental sample, in which the different radionuclides are present) ...