After more than a decade of working with various revisions and editions of this book, I
am amazed at the uniform spirit of goodwill and cooperation given me by many
people. Without that spirit, this book would not have seen the light of day or continued
helping people. My first editor, Ralph “Jake” Warner, showed infinite patience in
working with a first-time author. My second editor, Lisa Goldoftas, challenged every
punctuation mark and sentence structure while gracefully deferring to my knowledge
about the subject.
This note aims to encourage operations managers and staff
not only to give priority to project implementation performance
but also to balance it with sustainable institutional capacity
development beyond the project. To that end, existing country
institutions should be the “default” mode, and PIUs—especially
parallel “stand-alone” PIUs—should be phased out. This note
reflects lessons learned and draws on existing good practices in the
expectation that they can become the rule rather than the
Six Sigma is a data-driven management system with near-perfect performance that is a statistical target of operating with no more that 3.4 defects per one million chances. Six sigma has both created avid interest and raised concerns among executives and its practioners.
Sound macroeconomic policy, responsive governance, a favorable business climate, and the
openness and accountability of institutions also affect outcomes for women (and men), but they
mostly operate beyond the influence of this Action Plan. Even so, the Plan can address some
aspects of the enabling environment for working women—such as the ability of women’s
organizations to reach a scale and sophistication where they are capable of articulating and
advocating policies to promote women’s economic empowerment.
Making Women’s Preventive Care Affordable, Including Contraception. Under the
Affordable Care Act, most insurance companies will be required to cover basic preventive health
services – including contraception – at no extra cost. In July 2011, the Institute of Medicine
(IOM) issued groundbreaking recommendations for which women’s preventive services should
be covered. As a result, an estimated 20.
Several years ago, before the advent of Internet shopping, I bought
an old issue of Life magazine from a shopping mall kiosk in Knoxville,
Tennessee. It was the September 15, 1961, issue and had a picture of a man
in a “civilian fallout suit” on the cover with the title “How You Can Survive
Fallout.” I browsed through the magazine thinking that it represented an era
that we had moved beyond.
While structuring financing packages for vital projects is among the most impor-
tant roles the federal government plays in infrastructure investment, its activities
extend well beyond this role and into research, issuing regulations, awarding
grants, environmental protection, and even directly operating and maintaining
locks, dams, bridges, and utilities throughout our country. To coordinate all of
these activities and maximize the efficiency of federal infrastructure programs, we
need a national infrastructure planning council.