Issues concerning sustainability

Xem 1-20 trên 27 kết quả Issues concerning sustainability
  • The concept of governance is not a new one but nowadays we hear words as corporate governance, organizational governance or good governance frequently. Actually corporate governance or, as defined in ISO FDIS 26000, organizational governance is the system by which an organization makes and implements decisions in pursuit of its objectives. Simply put “governance” means: the process of decision-making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented).

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  • The umbrella term Social Sciences and Humanities refers to a plurality of fields outside the Natural or Physical Sciences. Disciplines as different as anthropology, archaeology, architecture, art, cultural studies, economics, education, geography and environmental studies, history, law, languages and linguistics, political science, philosophy, psychology, sociology or translation studies, all share the concern for human relations and socio-cultural practices.

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  • The Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012 (Key Indicators), the 43rd edition of this series, includes the latest available economic, financial, social, and environmental indicators for the 48 regional members of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). This publication aims to present the latest key statistics on development issues concerning the economies of Asia and the Pacific to a wide audience, including policy makers, development practitioners, government officials, researchers, students, and the general public.

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  • This coedited book addresses an unmet need in the marketplace by posing management strategies from various international sources for improving healthcare outcomes. With the recent outbreaks of worldwide calamities such as famine, natural disasters, pandemics, proliferation of substance abuse, posttraumatic syndrome states, and other related disease containment concerns, there is increased international attention to disease detection, surveillance, prevention, containment, and treatment methods.

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  • Because larger firms are much more likely to be covered by collective bargaining contracts and works councils, a closely related issue concerns the independent role of firm size in providing wage insurance. As firm size is typically viewed as a good proxy for capital market access (e.g., Gertler and Gilchrist 1994), insurance contracts should be particularly apparent for individuals working at larger employers.

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  • Non-adherence is often a hidden problem. Many patients are reluctant to express doubts and concerns about medicines because they fear that it will displease the healthcare professional. We need better methods for overcoming this problem and promoting honest and open discussions about medicines and adherence. There are an increasing number of non-medical prescribers (such as pharmacists and nurses) This is a key context issue and there are a range of questions relating to patient perspectives on new prescribers and to new and existing prescribers’ perceptions and skills.

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  • As was mentioned previously, the times and business priorities are changing at a rapid pace: no longer do organisations aspire to profit for shareholders alone – they are increasingly answerable to other stakeholders. As a result of regulatory and media pressure, in particular, best practice, transparency, open-ness and fair play are needed to be successful and sustainable in business. While traditional concepts still exist and are referred to in this handbook, new meanings are also developing.

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  • Biofuels are gaining public and scientific attention driven by high oil prices, the need for energy security and global warming concerns. There are various social, economic, environmental and technical issues regarding biofuel production and its practical use. This book is intended to address these issues by providing viewpoints written by professionals in the field and the book also covers the economic and environmental impact of biofuels. This text includes 14 chapters contributed by experts around world on the economy, evironment and sustainability of biofuel production and use.

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  • Building Businesses with Small Producers presents the findings and a comparative analysis of seven case studies that challenge current beliefs about good practice in the provision of business development services (BDS) to small and micro enterprises. The book also highlights issues concerning the assessment of impact, sustainability, and cost-effectiveness of such services.

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  • This collection of papers reflects the diversity of concepts, methods, and case studies that address the challenge of Managing for Healthy Ecosystems as holistic environmental management in the context of health, integrity, and sustainability. Ecosystem health embodies the capacity of ecosystems to function without impairment, while management concerns the assessment of ecosystem conditions relative to social goals and adoption of interventions to achieve designated goals.

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  • Global warming is theenvironmental issue of the twenty-first century. Many believe it ranks with war and poverty as one of the greatest challenges to human well-being. But unlike war and poverty, which humanity has confronted for millennia, global warming is a recent concern. And unlike war and poverty, global warming is mainly a pro-spective threat and one that can in principle be met with pre-emptive action.

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  • Fiscal policy, based on cash-budgeting, aims over the medium term at preserving fiscal sustainability, while allowing for some modest increase in infrastructure and social spending. Given the fiscal framework, Government finances have improved. There are, however, unresolved issues concerning ghost workers and the accounting for diamond revenues. Total revenue increased from US$933.6 million in 2009 to US$2.34 billion in 2010, underpinned by increases in income and corporate taxes.

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  • Creative accounting is a growing issue of interest in Spain. In this article we argue that the concept true and fair view can limit or promote the use of creative accounting depending upon its interpretation. We review the range of meanings that true and fair view can take at an international level and compare the experience of the United Kingdom with the Australian one by analysing the use of true and fair view to limit creative accounting. Finally, we suggest lines of action to be considered by the Spanish accounting standards-setting institutions.

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  • Biodiversity will continue to bring you information on biodiversity conservation and management and other related concerns and issues from the 10 ASEAN Member-Countries (AMCs) – Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic (PDR), Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.

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  • To reinforce these recommendations and to provide guidance, the New York State Department of Health convened an expert panel of health care professionals who are involved in promoting the health of pregnant women and children. The panel reviewed literature, identified existing interventions, practices and guidelines, assessed issues of concern, and developed recommendations.

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  • The new century has begun with some of the lowest grain prices in recent memory. From an economist’s vantage point, this is a sure sign of excess production capacity. However, there may be more here than meets the economist’s eye. Natural scientists, many of whom have contributed to this volume, see something very different. They see reason to be concerned about such issues as the overplowing of land and the overpumping of aquifers. They look at sustainable production and see a worrisome fraction of world food output being produced with the unsustainable use of land and water....

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  • Internal combustion engines have experienced an enjoyed monopoly for almost a century as power sources of road transport vehicles. But, in the same period, vehicle ownership and mileages increased to a level that the resulting petroleum based fuel consumption, urban air pollutants and green house gas emissions (the challenging triad) have became great concern especially for past a few decades.

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  • Wind energy is one of the most prominent renewable energy sources today. The increasing concerns with environmental issues are driving the search for more sustainable electrical sources. Wind energy along with solar energy, biomass and wave energy are possible solutions for environmentally friendly energy production. The initialization of wind power installation, which started in the beginning of 1980s, is very much related to the oil crises of the mid 1970s.

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  • With specific regard to large animal work, equine services now tend to be handled by specialists, and farm animal work is considered to be in decline, with the latter prompting particular concern. Indeed, significant changes to the farming sector (i.e. declining livestock populations, a reduction in the number/size of farm holdings, new legislation and a radical change in the relationship between government and veterinarians) mean that farm animal veterinary practices now face significant competitive and sustainability issues. ...

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  • The field of information and communication technologies continues to evolve and grow in both the research and the practical domains. However, energy efficiency is an aspect in communication technologies that until recently was only considered for embedded, mobile or handheld battery constraint devices.

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