We present a model of semantic processing of spoken language that (a) is robust against ill-formed input, such as can be expected from automatic speech recognisers, (b) respects both syntactic and pragmatic constraints in the computation of most likely interpretations, (c) uses a principled, expressive semantic representation formalism (RMRS) with a well-deﬁned model theory, and (d) works continuously (producing meaning representations on a wordby-word basis, rather than only for full utterances) and incrementally (computing only the additional contribution by the new word, rather than ...
The impetus for the preparation of a second edition of the Guide to Design Criteria for
Bolted and Riveted Joints has been the enthusiastic reception of the original version
and the continued citation for over a decade of that book as a source of information
regarding the design of bolted connections. There certainly has been no other single
reference in this area that has been so accepted by designers, teachers, students, and
This collective volume contains nine essays on globalisation, a multidimensional and multidisciplinary
issue that we are all deeply concerned.
Globalisation is like the force majeure from the ever-expanding universe after the Big Bang.
As a result, all the currently functioning national systems have been driven out of their old
comfort zones and downgraded to sub-systems, as described by Orlando and González in
their joint essay on “thermodynamics”. But, whether we like it or not, globalisation is here to
The topics of control engineering and signal processing continue to ﬂourish and
develop. In common with general scientiﬁc investigation, new ideas, concepts
and interpretations emerge quite spontaneously and these are then discussed,
used, discarded or subsumed into the prevailing subject paradigm. Sometimes
these innovative concepts coalesce into a new sub-discipline within the broad
subject tapestry of control and signal processing. This preliminary battle be-
tween old and new usually takes place at conferences, through the Internet and
in the journals of the discipline.
With the ever increasing amounts of data in electronic form, the need for automated methods
for data analysis continues to grow. The goal of machine learning is to develop methods that
can automatically detect patterns in data, and then to use the uncovered patterns to predict
future data or other outcomes of interest. Machine learning is thus closely related to the fields
of statistics and data mining, but differs slightly in terms of its emphasis and terminology.
Geostatistics is expanding very fast: concept- and technique-wi se. Keeping
in view the importance of the subject, it was thought approp riate to bring out
the second edition of this book. In this process, Chapter I has been expanded
incorporating more detail s on sampling and sampling designs. In Chapter 2,
a section on simulation has been introduced with emphasis on Monte-Carlo
simulation with worked out examples. In Chapter 5, a procedure to compute
variogram in the case of irregular grid has been outlined. Minor modific ations
have been made in all other chapters.
refers to the ability of the event notiﬁcation service to provide a powerful data
model with which to capture information about events, to express ﬁlters and
patterns on notiﬁcations of interest, and to use that data model as the basis
for optimizing notiﬁcation delivery.
Dedicated to the memory of Barry Johnson, 1937–2002 Abstract The main result of this paper is that the k th continuous Hochschild cohomology groups H k (M, M) and H k (M, B(H)) of a von Neumann factor M ⊆ B(H) of type II1 with property Γ are zero for all positive integers k. The method of proof involves the construction of hyperﬁnite subfactors with special properties and a new inequality of Grothendieck type for multilinear maps. We prove joint continuity in the · 2 -norm of separately ultraweakly continuous multilinear maps, and combine these results to reduce to...
Without descriptive theories to interpret the empirical associations,
the value-relevance literature’s associations have limited implications or
inferences for standard setting; they are just associations. For example,
consider standard-setting inferences based on a theory that assumes standard
setters consider a ‘‘high’’ association with stock values a ‘‘desirable’’ attribute
for accounting earnings. Those inferences are not likely to be useful if
the evidence suggests standard setters do not consider stock value association
an important attribute.
The IS auditors require a wide range of knowledge as well as in-depth knowledge in the field of
information security. Continuous further education and training of the IS auditors is a basic
prerequisite for their work. Verification of such qualifications in the form of certificates (e.g. Audit
Team Leader for ISO 27001 audits based on IT-Grundschutz) are suitable for this purpose.
In general, it should be ensured that actual operations in the organisation are not significantly
disrupted by the IS audit when initiating the IS audit.
IÉ‟s technical information sheet, MW50 „Accommodation level crossings‟ (MW50), does not include
any requirement for the erection of black and yellow marker posts at level crossings, which indicate
the decision point to the user.
SSI continuing disability reviews (CDRs) are periodic reviews conducted to ensure recipients are
still disabled according to agency rules. The frequency of these reviews is dependent on the
likelihood that a recipient’s medical condition will change. Non-disability redeterminations
(redeterminations) are periodic reviews that verify living arrangements, income levels, and other
non-disability factors related to SSI eligibility. Similar to CDRs, the frequency of
redeterminations is determined by the probability that changes affecting eligibility will occur.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article Joint Multilevel Turbo Equalization and Continuous Phase Frequency Shift Keying
The Boeing case studies provide an interesting window into the dramatic shift in manufacturing paradigms
taking place in response to the highly competitive market of the 21st century. Like many companies today,
Boeing has placed Lean Manufacturing in the forefront of its efforts to eliminate continually all non-value
added aspects of the enterprise and ensure optimal competitiveness.
By contributing a minimal amount you can accrue benefits for every year you are overseas. If
you decide to work within the mission you will continue to contribute to your Social Security
plan through payroll deductions. However, if you decide to work on the local economy or
initiate a home-based business, you will need to earn “credits” by contributing through self-
employment taxes or through a totalization agreement.
In order to qualify for Social Security payments you have to earn a certain number of credits in a
lifetime. If you were born prior to 1929 you...
As a companion to this study, the USA Freedom Corps
and the Corporation for National and Community
Service partnered with the Bureau of Labor Statistics
in 2002 and again in 2003 to add questions about volunteering
to the Current Population Survey (CPS) for the
month of September. The CPS results provide context
for some of the findings in the volunteer management
capacity study. The 2003 CPS survey indicates that an
estimated 63.8 million Americans (28.
In our laboratories, we use every possible tool to attack diseases. Cutting edge ideas, research
and equipment allow us to discover the mechanisms of genes and epigenes, pathogens, and
infection itself. In the field, we discover ways to improve health on a population level, in
developed and developing nations, in people of every age, ethnicity and status.
As the oldest institution of its kind and the largest school of public health in the world, the
Bloomberg School will continue to lead the charge toward better health for everyone.
This version includes amendments resulting from IFRSs issued up to 17 January 2008. IAS 31 Financial Reporting of Interests in Joint Ventures was issued by the International Accounting Standards Committee in December 1990, and reformatted in 1994. Limited amendments to IAS 31 were made in 1998, 1999 and 2000. In April 2001 the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) resolved that all Standards and Interpretations issued under previous Constitutions continued to be applicable unless and until they were amended or withdrawn.
This research was sponsored jointly by the Industrial Liaison Program of the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and PA Consulting Group. The analyses
presented here were performed by a team directed by the author, with principal
contributions by Lauri Mitchell and Mark Bamford, both formerly of Pugh-Roberts
Associates. We thank PA Consulting Group, and in particular Paul Thornton and
Stephen Payne, for funding this study, and Thomas Moebus, MIT Director of Corporate
Relations, for his overall support of the research program.
In an ideal world, marketing and sales create a shared
go-to-market strategy that focuses on customers, not
products. In this world, marketing creates demand with
the right kinds of (profitable) prospects as well as promoting
the brand, and sales has the insight and selling
tools it needs to close those sales. This foundation of
joint ownership and continuous information sharing is
enabled by accessible and flexible technology.