Your kidneys filter wastes from your blood and regulate other
functions of your body. When your kidneys fail, you need
treatment to replace the work of healthy kidneys to survive.
Developing kidney failure means that you have some decisions
to make about your treatment. If you choose to receive treatment,
your choices are hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis, and
kidney transplantation. Each of them has advantages and disadvantages.
You may also choose to forgo treatment.
Until recently, surgical resection was considered the only option for treatment of kidney
cancer, especially renal cell carcinoma. The disease is relatively resistant to both radiotherapy
and chemotherapy, and although alternative systemic therapies such as interleukin-
2 immunotherapy and interferon have shown promise, objective response rates are
still quite low. Minimally invasive therapies have piqued the interest of researchers by
showing significant improvements in treatment and management of kidney cancer.
Cisplatin was discovered fortuitously by observing that bacteria present in electrolysis solutions could not divide. Only the cis diamine configuration is active as an antitumor agent. It is hypothesized that in the intracellular environment, a chloride is lost from each position, being replaced by a water molecule. The resulting positively charged species is an efficient bifunctional interactor with DNA, forming Pt-based cross-links.
National Kidney Foundation's Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI™) did you know that the National Kidney Foundation's Kidney disease outcomes Quality initiative (KdoQi™) develops guidelines that help your doctor and health care team make important decisions about your medical treatment? the information in this booklet is based on the National Kidney Foundation's KdoQi™ recommended guidelines for diabetes, and it's very important for you to know. What is your stage of kidney disease? there are five stages of kidney disease. they are shown in the table below.
The Royal College of Physicians plays a leading role in the delivery of high-quality patient care by setting standards of medical practice and promoting clinical excellence. We provide physicians in the United Kingdom and overseas with education, training and support throughout their careers. As an independent body representing over 20,000 Fellows and Members worldwide, we advise and work with government, the public, patients and other professions to improve health and healthcare.
I have been involved in the treatment of chronic renal insuffi ciency for 40 years,
beginning with peritoneal dialysis immediately after graduation from medical school
in 1965, then with hemodialysis in 1967 after I fi rst experienced it in Kanazawa, and
with renal transplantation since 1972, when I was studying in the United States.
During this period, the number of dialysis patients has continued to increase rapidly
to the present fi gure of 257 765 (at the end of 2005), and with surprising increases in
the survival rate.
Martha1 is a caregiver with Likii HIV a home based care group in the Nanyuki region. She is a widow and her
husband passed away in 2000, leaving her with three children. After the death of her husband, Martha became
very sick and was taken to hospital where she tested positive and was put on treatment. In 2002, Martha ran
away from her marital home because of stigma and discrimination, she took her children to her maternal home.
Life was very difficult for her as she lived on the streets, and got her...
Developing kidney failure means you have some decisions to make about your treatment. You may choose to forgo treatment. If you choose to receive treatment, your choices include hemodialysis, which requires a machine used to filter your blood outside your body; peritoneal dialysis, which uses the lining of your belly to filter your blood inside the body; and kidney transplantation, in which a new kidney is placed in your body. Each treatment has advantages and disadvantages.
However, cellular uptake of aglycones has been suggested to occur in their native form by
passive diffusion. Absorbed polyphenols can directly undergo phase II metabolism as
phenolic structures are generally unfavorable substrates to the cytochrome P450s (phase I
metabolism). At nutritional doses, almost all polyphenols are conjugated to form O-
glucuronides, sulfate esters and O-methyl ethers, by glucuronidation, sulfation and
methylation, in the gut mucosa and later in the liver or kidney.
Similarly to retroviral vectors, the design of lentiviral vector packaging systems has evolved
to minimize the risk of RCPs generation towards maximum safety. Currently, three
generations of lentiviral vectors are considered. The first-generation (Naldini et al. 1996)
closely resembles the three plasmid packaging system of simple retroviruses, except for the
fact that the gag-pol expression is driven by a heterologous promoter instead of the viral
LTR; additionally, the gp120 HIV-1’s envelope was replaced by VSV-G’s.
The book Renal Failure – The Facts consists of some facts about diagnosis,
etiopathogenis and treatment of acute and chronic renal failure. Acute, as well as
chronic renal failure is great medical problems and their treatment is a burden for the
budget of each government.
Acute kidney injury (AKI), previously termed acute renal failure, is a frequent clinical
condition in critically ill patients especially, in intensive care units (ICU). Its incidence
varies from 1-7 % of all hospitalized patients to 30-50 % of patients in ICU....
The quality and scientific preciseness of the authors coming from several countries,
does much to give strength to the whole book, especially as it reflects local and
regional realities that characterize the diversity of expression allergic. In fact, the
etiology and clinical response of allergic patient is very different, depending on the
location, habits, socio-economic conditions and even the specific interests of key lines
of investigation developed that the authors have incorporated into the chapters, but
always guided by higher values of accuracy....
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Recently published papers: Acute kidney injury – diagnosis and treatment...
Back or flank pain is a critical symptom that indicates a retrograde infection to kidneys, risk
factor for which is graft versus host disease. Furthermore, adenovirus-induced nephritis is a
high risk factor for disseminated adenovirus infection including symptomatic adenoviremia
(Bruno et al., 2004). Clinical presentation of adenoviremia is low to high grade fever
refractory to antibiotic or antifungal agents followed by multiple organ failure including
acute renal failure which presents oliguria, elevation of serum creatinine and enlarged
kidneys with hypo-density in CT scan.
An additional factor for lack of better therapeutic choices is the lack of suitable animal
models to replicate human glomerular injury in order to develop and test novel
treatment strategies. There are three detailed chapters that exemplify the recent
advances in using animal models to explore the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis.
Immunopathogenic mechanisms in a murine model of membranous nephropathy are
discussed by Chia-Chao Wu et al., while autoimmune glomerulonephritis
complicating chronic graft versus host reaction was discussed by Elena Goiman et al....
Complications occur in 3% to33% of patients with renal trauma and include urinary
extravasation with urinoma , infected urinoma, perinephric abcess, secondary hemorrhage
secondary to a rupture of arteriovenous fistula or pseudoaneurysm.
Late or delayed complications of renal trauma develop more than 4 weeks after injury and
include hypertension, hydronephrosis, calculus formation, and chronic pyelonephritis,
In 2003, a man from one of the charity organizations referred Martha to Likii HIV’s Home based care group
because the support she was getting was not sustainable. Lucy Njoki, a caregiver from Likii and also a woman
living with HIV welcomed her and shared her story with other caregivers in the group. Caregivers contributed
some money to rent a house for her and ensure that she received food daily. Caregivers also referred her to the
comprehensive care unit at the district hospital where she resumed ART treatment. In 2004/2005, her health...
The publication Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations (the List, commonly known as the Orange Book) identifies drug products approved on the basis of safety and effectiveness by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act). (For more information, see the Orange Book Preface.)
The "Sanjiao" is a large Fu organ containing all the internal organs, and also used to locate
the body parts. The physiological functions of Sanjiao control the activities of the Qi of the
human body. Triple Energizer is a collective name of the upper, middle and lower Jiao
(energizer) :the upper Jiao is that the portion of the body cavity above the diaphragm which
houses the heart and the lung. The middle Jiao is the portion between the diaphragm and
umbilicus which houses the spleen and the stomach.