Kyoto protocol

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  • Chương 5 Nghị định thư Kyoto và cơ chế phát triển sạch CDM trình bày vấn đề về climate change và UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change)-Kyoto Protocole, giới thiệu về các nguyên tắc và các vấn đề liên quan đến Cơ chế phát triển sạch-CDM CDM và cơ hội đầu tư trong các dự án năng lượng sạch ở Việt Nam.

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  • This book is one result of a research project, funded by the Energy Foundation and the Council on Foreign Relations, toinvestigate the role of “technology policy” as part of a strategy for managing the threats of global warming.

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  • Viet Nam signed UNFCCC in June 1992 and ratified in Nov.1994. Viet Nam signed Kyoto protocol in Dec. 1998 and rectified in Sep. 2002. The HydroMET Service (Now MONRE) was assigned by the Government to be the Focal point for activities related to UNFCCC and KP in Vietnam. Vietnam is considered as one of the active countries in implementing UNFCCC and KP.

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  • CDM là một cơ chế đặc biệt liên quan đến các nước đang phát triển theo điều 12 của nghị định thự Kyoto (Kyoto protocol). Do các hoạt động của con người nhất là sự phát triển mạnh mẽ của các ngành công nghiệp trong thế kỹ vừa qua, lượng khí thải nhà kinh (KNK) như CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6 tăng lên mạnh mẽ làm cho nhiệt độ của trái đất tăng lên...

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  • APEC Statement on Climate Change Aspiration target “to reduce energry intersity by at least 25% by 2030 from the 2009 level, and to increase forest cover in the region by at least 20 million hectares of all types of forest by 2020”. US Climate Change Summit US will continue to deal with climate change in its own way and pace outside Kyoto Protocol.

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  • Climate change and land management According to the Government Chief Scientist, Professor Sir David King and to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), climate change is the biggest threat to our environment, with significant impacts across the globe. The UK is committed to the Kyoto protocol and to building an international consensus for cutting emissions and limiting the effects of climate change.

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  • The failure of the UN climate change summit in Copenhagen in December 2009 to effectively reach a global agreement on emission reduction targets, led many within the developing world to view this as a reversal of the Kyoto Protocol and an attempt by the developed nations to shirk out of their responsibility for climate change.

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  • In the editors’ preface to the fourth edition it was noted that there was good news and there was bad news. It is the same for this, the fifth edition. One suspects that this will always be the case. The 2004 Nobel Prize for Peace has been awarded to Professor Dr. Wangari Maathai. Dr. Maathai’s award was based on her efforts on behalf of conservation and women’s rights. These efforts were made at great personal risk. In addition, the Kyoto Protocol has been ratified by the requisite number of countries.

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  • Over the past decade the topic of energy and environment has been acknowledged among many people as a critical issue to be solved in 21st century since the Kyoto Protocol came into effect in 1997. Its political recognition was put forward especially at Heiligendamm in 2007, when the effect of carbon dioxide emission and its hazard in global climate were discussed and shared universally as common knowledge.

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  • After 1991, European governments grew accustomed to Russian acquiescence. Moscow might have put up a struggle against European policies – from humanitarian intervention in Kosovo, NATO and EU enlargement, to visa arrangements for Kaliningrad and the Kyoto Protocol on climate change – but the Kremlin’s bark always proved worse than its bite. The Russian government, crippled by massive debt, financial instability and the war in Chechnya, caved in each time because of its reliance on Western help. ...

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  • The origins of this book date back to my attendance of Carbon Expo, a carbon credit conference in Cologne, Germany in 2006. My goal was to learn about the the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme and the activities surrounding the Kyoto Protocol. I wanted to understand the development of emissions markets for greenhouse gases. I was expecting a conference of a few hundred, but to my surprise found a large conference of several thousand people in attendance.

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  • The 2004 Climate Plan outlines a series of programs designed to cut 72 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually, beyond the scope of France's commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. The European Union's burden-sharing approach to the Kyoto Protocol calls on France to freeze its greenhouse gas emissions at 1990 levels over the 2008-2012 period, an objective that government officials say will require annual reductions of 54 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions.

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  • The findings, opinions, interpretations and conclusions expressed in this guidebook are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), UNEP Risoe Center, Technical University of Denmark, or Baker & McKenzie. This report is intended as a public resource for stakeholders undertaking activities that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, whether under the Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism or other market-based instruments for carbon trading.

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  • A major component of liquidity is adverse selection costs, which are reflected in the bid-ask spread and market impact costs. Firms’ precommitment to the timely disclosure of high- quality financial accounting information reduces investors’ risk of loss from trading with more informed investors, thereby attracting more funds into the capital markets, lowering investors’ liquidity risk (see Diamond and Verrecchia [1991], Botosan [2000], Brennan and Tamarowski [2000], and Leuz and Verrecchia [2000]).

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  • Although the very first carbon offset project was voluntary, 2 much of the work to establish real markets for carbon offsets has been done in the context of designing regulatory programs. Many experimental carbon offset projects were undertaken in the 1990s, for example, in order to inform negotiations under the Framework Convention on Climate Change about the design of an international GHG emissions trading system.

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  • Climate change is increasingly recognized as one of the most critical challenges ever to face humankind. With the release of the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the international scientific community has significantly advanced public understanding of climate change and its impacts.

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  • Members, including alternate members, of the Article 6 Supervisory Committee shall be nominated by the relevant constituencies referred to in paragraph 4 above and be elected by the COP/MOP. The COP/MOP shall elect to the Article 6 Supervisory Committee five members and five alternate members for a term of two years and five members and five alternate members for a term of three years. Thereafter, the COP/MOP shall elect, every year, five new members and five alternate members for a term of two years. Appointment pursuant to paragraph 12 below shall count as one term.

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  • The European Environment Agency Aug. 18 released a report predicting increasingly severe weather problems in Europe over the next generation as a result of rising temperatures, calling the 1997 Kyoto Protocol the best first step to reversing some of the effects of the trend. The report, Impacts of Europe's changing climate: An indicator- based assessment, which is in line with much of the previous research into the subject, showed that temperatures were rising in Europe faster than they are rising worldwide.

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  • This Handbook has been developed through the kind support of our sponsors: the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU); CDC Climat; the Interamerican Development Bank (IDB) and UNEP RISØ) Climate Focus would like to thank the following experts for sharing their PoA experience and for their contributions to this Handbook: Manu Maudgal and Mirka Bodenbender (GIZ, Germany), Raju Laudari (Alternative Energy Promotion Centre, Nepal), Saurabh Kumar (Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Ministry of Power, India), Sebastien Pascual, Stephen Hibbert...

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  • As Durban, South Africa, prepares for the 17th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol in November this year, the world is recovering from a series of climate and environmental-related disasters, which have occurred over the past few years. The Indian Ocean tsunami, Hurricane Katrina, the Haiti earthquake, the New Zealand earthquake, the Japanese tsunami and nuclear crisis, among others, have killed and affected millions.

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