The pebble was tossed into the water by Charles
Darwin in 1872 when he declared in his book The
Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
that humans are not the only members of the animal
kingdom that experience a wide array of emotions
and feelings. Despite the reputation of the renowned
biologist, the ripples that this tiny rock generated
went largely unappreciated at the time. In fact, these
ripples remained quite small until the middle of the
This project was initiated in response to a letter from Charles Kean,
an Associate Professor of Physiology and Pharmacology and
Director of the Animal Care Facility at Loma Linda University, to
the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Institute for Laboratory Animal
Research (ILAR), the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of
Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC) International, and the Office of
Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) of the National Institutes of Health
(NIH) outlining the research animal care community’s concerns about the
safe and humane transportation of research animal...
Tissue culture was first devised at the beginning of the
twentieth century [Harrison, 1907; Carrel, 1912] (Table 1.1)
as a method for studying the behavior of animal cells free
of systemic variations that might arise in vivo both during
normal homeostasis and under the stress of an experiment.
As the name implies, the technique was elaborated first
with undisaggregated fragments of tissue, and growth was
restricted to the migration of cells from the tissue fragment,
with occasional mitoses in the outgrowth.
This book describes applications in preclinical oncology research by bioluminescence imaging (BLI) with a variety of applications. Chapters describe current methodologies for rapid detection of contaminants using the Milliflex system, and the use of bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) technology for monitoring physical interactions between proteins in living cells.
(BQ) Part 2 book "A handbook of veterinary parasitology: Domestic animals of North America" presents the following contents: Arachnids, insects, linguatulids, parasitological laboratory, parasites arranged by host, chemotherapeutic agent.
Use of ABHPs is surging but must be part
of a broader strategy to be effective
Account-based health plans can be an important
element in an organization’s health benei t
management if the right incentives and employee
education are attached. Today, 59% of companies
have an ABHP in place, with another 11% expectin
to add one by 2013. But ABHPs will not necessaril
result in lower costs without signii cant enrollment
Our results show that employers that take a
comprehensive approach to ABHPs (e.g.
Much of the literature concerning health benefits of physical activity is based on studies
done primarily with men. Only recently have large-scale studies been initiated to investigate
the effects of physical activity on women’s health and wellness. Chris Wells, the author of this
paper, has been a pioneer in the study of physical activity for women. As you will see, much
more research studying girls and women is necessary, but much has been accomplished in
recent years. Diseases often thought to be “diseases of men” affect women as well as men.
Early interest in selenium by nutritionists concerned its high concentration in
certain range plants and the consequent toxicosis in animals that grazed those plants.
More recently, the essential nature of selenium has become the center of attention, and
this element is now known to be required by laboratory animals, food animals (including
fish), and humans. Its role as an integral feature of glutathione peroxidase has been
established, and other possible functions are under active investigation.
Congress established a standing disaster program in the 2008 farm bill—
the Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program. Under this
program, Congress funded a $3.8 billion permanent trust fund and
directed the Secretary of Agriculture to make crop disaster assistance
payments to eligible farmers who suffer crop losses on or before
September 30, 2011. USDA—through FSA—began making disaster
payments under this program in early 2010 for crop losses incurred in
The population of disabled elderly in the United States is
growing rapidly. The number of Americans who will suffer
functional disability due to arthritis, stroke, diabetes,
coronary artery disease, cancer, or cognitive impairment is
expected to increase at least 300 percent by 2049.1
Although people tend to develop chronic conditions as they
age, growing old does not have to mean becoming disabled.
Clean air is a basic requirement of life. The quality of air inside homes, offices,
schools, day care centres, public buildings, health care facilities or other private
and public buildings where people spend a large part of their life is an essential
determinant of healthy life and people’s well-being. Hazardous substances emit-
ted from buildings, construction materials and indoor equipment or due to hu-
man activities indoors, such as combustion of fuels for cooking or heating, lead
to a broad range of health problems and may even be fatal....
Nutrition during childhood and adolescence is essential
for growth and development, health and well-being. [1,2]
Further, eating behaviors established during childhood
track into adulthood and contribute to long-term health
and chronic disease risk. [3,4] Numerous studies have
consistently documented that dietary intake patterns of
American children and adolescents are poor and do not
meet national dietary goals. [5-8] In addition, US food
consumption trend data show a shift over the past few
In laboratory conditions (relative humidity 50-70%, temperature 25 ± 2 ° C, 16 h light) monitoring studies of biological interactions between spiders catch prey Amblyseius cucumeris (Oudermans) and Orius bugs prey sauteri (Poppius) in an environment with lots of prey thrips thrips palmi (Karny)
The prominence of private health insurance has been buttressed by government interventions
directed at PHI markets in several OECD health systems, although the effectiveness of policies aimed at
increasing market size and fostering outcome quality has differed widely. Australia, Ireland, the
Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland and the United States have promoted and maintained a large and
viable private health insurance market because policy makers have concluded that mixed public-private
coverage systems can better deliver desired health policy and social outcomes.
Currently there is uncertainty about the degree of difference in nutrient composition
between conventionally and organically produced foodstuffs. Organic foodstuffs are those
that are produced according to specified standards which, among other things, control the
use of chemicals and medicines in crop and animal production, and emphasise protection
of the environment. Recently published non-systematic reviews comparing nutrient
composition of organically and conventionally produced foods have come to contrasting
Within the overall transport process, attenuation processes may cause movement of the
chemical to differ from that of the bulk flowing groundwater, for example dispersion, sorption
and chemical or biological degradation of the chemical. Such attenuation processes
potentially act to mitigate the impact of chemicals and are a function of both the specific
chemical and geologic domain. Indeed, attenuation may vary significantly between individual
chemicals and within different geological settings.
A synthesis of the material presented at the convening and the points made during discussion
have led to the development of the recommendations for change listed above. Researchers
should simultaneously pursue agendas that both inform potential intervention strategies and
examine the link between food marketing and obesity. Advocates can examine current policies
including the FCC and FTC regulatory environments in order to pursue policy options and
advertising regulations for television and digital media. The public’s commitment is needed to
accomplish these goals.
Crossbreeding work in Ethiopia was initiated in the early 1950s. Following this initiation
a number of governmental (example, Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization,
Ministry of Agriculture, National Artificial Insemination Center, Higher Learning Institutes)
and non-governmental organizations (International Livestock Research Institute and
Swedish International Development Agency) have worked in the development of the
building raised beds. Raised beds
have soil a few inches or more higher
than the surrounding area, which
provides extra rooting depth, and
helps the soil drain and warm up in
the spring. They’re typically 3 to 4 feet
wide, with mulched paths in between,
so you walk on the paths and don’t
compact the soil in planting areas.
Raised bed sides can be made with
reused lumber, broken concrete or
concrete blocks, recycled plastic lum-
ber, or any non-toxic material. (Don’t
use treated wood.)
You can also make raised beds
without sides. Dig a few inches of
soil out of...
A mandate requiring all individuals to pur-
chase health insurance would be an unprece-
dented form of federal action. The government
has never required people to buy any good or
service as a condition of lawful residence in
the United States. An individual mandate
would have two features that, in combination,
would make it unique. First, it would impose
a duty on individuals as members of society.
Second, it would require people to purchase a
specific service that would be heavily regu-
lated by the federal government.