Laboratory diagnosis

Xem 1-20 trên 61 kết quả Laboratory diagnosis
  • Data are rapidly accumulating from all over the world regarding the efficacy of standardized treatment regimens for drug-sensitive, drug-resistant TB and latent TB infection. While we are facing the menace of multi drug-resistant TB [MDR-TB], extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis [XDR­ TB] has emerged threatening to undermine global efforts at TB control. Hence we have included chapters to cover all aspects of the diagnosis and management of MDR TB. This book will cover all these developments in great detail....

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu khoa học ngành y học tạp chí Medical Sciences dành cho các bạn sinh viên ngành y tham khảo đề tài: Laboratory diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Challenges in clinical and laboratory diagnosis of androgen insensitivity syndrome: a case report

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  • Document presentation of content: Epidemiology and transmission of hepatitis B, pathogenesis and natural history, laboratory diagnosis of hepatitis B, long-term monitoring and screening of chronic hepatitis B, treatment for chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis B vaccination, automatic searches, guidelines, further reading, and web sites.

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  • The diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis can be made by the detection of acid fast bacilli by direct microscopy, using carbol fuchsin stain and/or fluorochrome stain. Microscopy is a rapid method but lacks sufficient sensitivity and does not distinguish between different species of mycobacteria. The sensitivity of microscopy is often not more than 25-40% as compared to culture, but under ideal conditions, it is possible to achieve a rate of 60-70%.

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  • Surveys new techniques and chemicals for bleaching teeth that are now being tested by dentists and people at home. Among the topics are diagnosis and treatment planning, materials and their evaluation, clinical and laboratory techniques, and marketing.

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  • THERAPY AND PROPHYLAXIS A few antiviral drugs are available for clinical use in special therapeutic and prophylactic situations. Immunoglobulins and vaccines have been prepared for prophylaxis against a considerable number of virus infections. LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS Virus, viral antigen or viral genome may be detected in the early phase of acute disease by electron microscopy, immunological or molecular biological methods or virus isolation. Serologically the diagnosis can be made by demonstration of seroconversion, antibody titre rise or specific IgM....

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  • The quality assurance teams and managers supported the evolution of the breast screening programme locally, and professional quality assurance groups were developed with the relevant associations and royal colleges at a national level. In 1990, a new post of national coordinator of the NHSBSP was established, based at one of the regional heath authori- ties. Mrs Julietta Patnick at the Trent Region in Sheffield was appointed, and she is now the Director of the NHS Cancer Screening Programmes, which includes the NHSBSP.

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  • Diagnosis The diagnosis of diphtheria is based on clinical signs and symptoms plus laboratory confirmation. Respiratory diphtheria should be considered in patients with sore throat, pharyngeal exudates, and fever. Other symptoms may include hoarseness, stridor, or palatal paralysis. The presence of a pseudomembrane should prompt consideration of diphtheria. Once a clinical diagnosis of diphtheria is made, diphtheria antitoxin should be administered as soon as possible. Laboratory diagnosis is based either on cultivation of C. diphtheriae or toxigenic C.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: G-CSF and IL-8 for early diagnosis of sepsis in neonates and critically ill children – safety and cost effectiveness of a new laboratory prediction model: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial [ISRCTN91123847]...

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  • In under-resourced hematology laboratories there is usually a missing step in the battery of required investigations. Moreover, when some of the advanced diagnostic instruments can be found then the problem of chronic inadequate and irregular supply of kits and services would supervene.

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  • Một hội nghị tư vấn kỹ thuật đã được Tổ Chức Y Tế Thế Giới (TCYTTG) triệu tập vào các ngày 25-26 tháng 10 năm 2004 để thảo luận về vai trò của xét nghiệm trong điều trị bệnh sốt rét (SR), và báo cáo của hội nghị này đã được công bố năm 2006 trong một tài liệu dầy 40 trang có tựa là “The role of laboratory diagnosis to support malaria disease management – Focus o*n the use of rapid diagnostic tests in areas of high transmission” (WHO/HTM/MAL/2006.1111).

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  • Most individuals were identified by name, sex and date of birth. However, many Aussiedler change names during the first years of stay in Germany complicating simple identification by name. To minimize this problem the name matching procedure was done phonetically. For some individuals, city of residence was used as an additional variable to ensure correct identification. 43 cases were excluded from the analysis because they were already diagnosed in their country of origin.

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  • Microbiology and Laboratory Diagnosis These organisms are non-acid-fast, catalase-positive, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacilli. Their colonial morphologies vary widely; some species are small and α-hemolytic (similar to lactobacilli), whereas others form large white colonies (similar to yeasts). Many nondiphtherial coryneforms require special medium (e.g., Löffler's, Tinsdale's, or telluride medium) for growth. Epidemiology Humans are the natural reservoirs for several nondiphtherial coryneforms, including C. xerosis, C. pseudodiphtheriticum, C. striatum, C.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Diagnosis of tuberculosis: the experience at a specialized diagnostic laboratory

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  • Remarkable advances have been made in the understanding and treatment of leukemia since its first description by Alfred Velpeau in 1827 and Alfred Donné in 1844. John Hughes Bennett gave the first official diagnosis back in 1845, and in 1856, the pathologist Rudolf Virchow coined the term leukemia from the Greek words “leukos” and “heima,” also meaning “white blood”. In 1970, it was first confirmed that some patients could be cured of leukemia, and by 1990s, the cure rate for leukemia was around 70 percent.

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  • In 1887, Anton Weichselbaum, a Viennese doctor, was the first to report the isolation of meningococci from patients with meningitis (1). Shortly after, came the first description of lumbar puncture in living patients (2), leading to the isolation of meningococci from acute cases of meningitis. Three years later, Kiefer grew meningococci from the nasopharynx of cases of meningococcal disease, and from their contacts (3), a finding of immense significance in advancing understanding of the epidemiology and pathogenesis of the disease.

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  • The greatest change since the last edition has been increasing use of nucleic acid probes (“DNA Probes”), especially with amplification by the polymerase chain reaction, in bacterial and viral infectious disease, leukemia and lymphoma phemotyping, and genetic diagnosis. Another significant trend has been proliferation of immunologic tests for prognosis of varying types of cancer, especially breast carcinoma.

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  • Diagnosis is fundamental to the appropriate treatment and wellbeing of the equine patient. Despite the many excellent clinical texts that are available, few seem to explain in sufficiently precise terms which clinicopathological tests are appropriate or how particular techniques should be performed. The first edition of this book was designed to provide an illustrated practical guide to the various diagnostic techniques employed in equine medicine. This second edition is an update by international experts in the field.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Relevance of laboratory testing for the diagnosis of primary immunodeficiencies: a review of case-based examples of selected immunodeficiencies...

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