International Expositions are independent kingdoms in their corporate
relation with other countries of the world. They are phantom kingdoms
wherein the people do everything but sleep. They germinate and grow with
phenomenal energy. Their existence is established without conquest and
their magic growth is similar to the mushroom and the moonflower; they
vanish like setting suns in their own radiance. Thousands of neophytes
of every race, creed and color come with willing hearts and hands to do
homage and bear manna to nourish the sinews of a phantom kingdom.
When asked where landscape architects work,
many people might point out their back door to
the garden. It would be more accurate, however,
to look out the front door. The landscape is
anywhere and everywhere outdoors, and
landscape architects are shaping the face of
the Earth across cities, towns and countryside
alike. Landscape architecture involves shaping
and managing the physical world and the natural
systems that we inhabit. Landscape architects
do design gardens, but what is critical is that the
garden, or any other outdoor space, is seen in
.Representing Landscape Architecture
It has been said that we can realize only what we can imagine; but to realize what we imagine, we must convey those ideas to others as well as present them to ourselves. We use images, models, and words—alone or in combination—to conceive, study, test, construct, and evaluate new landscapes or modify old ones. Given the transient nature of most landscapes—always growing, always changing— landscape representation presents a special challenge. It is by no means neutral in a political sense or even in terms of design evaluation.
The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain are an important part of the Sydney landscape historically, horticulturally and as a site for public celebration and relaxation. Demand for presenting events on these premium locations is extremely high. To manage the demand and potential overuse of the sites, several conditions must be applied. This guide will assist clients in presenting proposals for a special event to be held in the Gardens and/or Domain which are administered by the Botanic Gardens Trust (Trust).
The Japanese love their landscapes tamed and manicured, more parks than
They like artfully to prune their pines, cultivate simple flower
and rock gardens, arrange a waterfall, attract some geese, walk a path with a
geometrically rising curve, look back, and enjoy the moon rising over the
temple, silhouetting it all. They are hardly interested in admiring a pristine
ecosystem or geological formations.
Consider my parents. My mother did not know any geomorphology or
landscape ecology. Yet she enjoyed her familiar, Southern US rural land-
scapes. My father enjoyed the fertility of the soils in the Shenandoah Valley
in Virginia; he admired a good field. On visits around, he would take a spade
and turn the soil to see whether it might make a good garden. He always
knew what watershed he was in, what crops were growing where. He loved
a good rain. Both enjoyed the changing seasons, the dogwood and redbud in
the hills in the spring, the brilliant and subtle colours...
Historic sites are a finite resource which cannot bereplaced once damaged or destroyed.In contrast withsome nature conservation or landscape designations,which may embrace very extensive tracts of land,designated historic sites tend to be more limited inextent.For example,the average area of a scheduledmonument is only 2.5 hectares and the average area of a registered park and garden is 108 hectares.Listedbuildings and their curtilages generally occupy farsmaller areas.
The word horticulture is one of those broad words under which much is grouped. It includes the cultivation of orchard fruits, such as apples and plums; of small fruits, such as strawberries and raspberries; of garden vegetables for the table; of flowers of all sorts, including shrubbery and ornamental trees and their arrangement into beautiful landscape effects around our homes. Horticulture then is a name for an art that is both far-reaching and important.
For the wealthy owners of large villas, enjoying
leisure was a primary motivation for living around
the Bay of Naples. The facades of many villas were
lined with colonnaded walkways with sweeping
views of the sea and terraces that connected to
private harbors for pleasure boats. Villa interiors
were decorated with colorful frescoes and mosaics,
whose images often represented mythological
scenes, and still lifes celebrating local delicacies,
such as shrimp, octopus, and conch. Others, such
as the Garden Scene fresco, featured lush landscapes
that visually expanded interior spaces.
The Aqua Augusta, an aqueduct built by Octavian (63
BC–AD 14; later known as Augustus, the first emperor
of the Roman Empire), was completed in the late
first century BC and provided an uninterrupted
supply of pressurized water to eight towns around
the bay, including Pompeii. The arrival of a constant
source of running water in these cities allowed
residents to design and grow more elaborate
gardens. Gardeners were able to accentuate their
landscape designs with springs, water courses,
pools, and fountains modeled after Greek statuary.
Agroforestry practices have existed in Vietnam and in many countries throughout the world for a long time. Among others, these sys tems include traditional shifting cultivation typical of ethnic minority groups and home gardens seen in many rural landscape ecologies