Xem 1-20 trên 29 kết quả Landscape models
  • Ecotoxicological models have been applied increasingly to perform chemical risk assessments since the first models of this kind emerged about 25 years ago. The first ecotoxicological models were applied to very specific cases — for instance, cadmium contamination of Lake Erie or mercury contamination of Mex Bay, Alexandria. The models were inspired by the experience gained in ecological modeling and therefore contained good descriptions of ecological processes. Slightly later, the so-called fate models emerged, which were first developed by McKay and others.

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  • .Representing Landscape Architecture It has been said that we can realize only what we can imagine; but to realize what we imagine, we must convey those ideas to others as well as present them to ourselves. We use images, models, and words—alone or in combination—to conceive, study, test, construct, and evaluate new landscapes or modify old ones. Given the transient nature of most landscapes—always growing, always changing— landscape representation presents a special challenge. It is by no means neutral in a political sense or even in terms of design evaluation.

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  • Terrain models have always appealed to military personnel, planners, landscape architects, civil engineers, as well as other experts in various earth sciences. Originally, terrain models were physical models, made of rubber, plastic, clay, sand, etc. Since the later 1950s, the computer has been introduced into this area and the modeling of terrain surface has since then been carried out numerically or digitally, leading to the current discipline— digital terrain modeling.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'basic landscape ecology', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, kĩ thuật viễn thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • 4.2.3 MTMF MTMF combines the best parts of the Linear Spectral Mixing model and the statistical Matched Filter model while avoiding the drawbacks of each parent method (Boardman, 1998). It is a useful Matched Filter method without knowing all the possible endmembers in a landscape especially in case of subtle, sub-pixel occurrences. Firstly, pixel spectra and endmember spectra require a minimum noise fraction (MNF) (Green et al., 1988, Boardman, 1993) transformation. MNF reduces and separates an image into its most dimensional and non-noisy components.

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  • This book presents innovative proven methods for determining whether a CRM strategy for changing the way a company provides service (by adding new technology, processes, and procedures) will realize the return on the investment projected. The chapters of the book define important terms, identify the main vendors and actors, and set out the benefits CRM users can expect to experience and the functionality that is available.

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  • The traditional view of the relationship between business and the arts is very much a one-way affair: organisations may endorse, fund or publicise the arts but the arts have nothing to offer from a business perspective. The Value of Arts for Business challenges this view by showing how the arts, in the form of Arts-based Initiatives (ABIs), can be used to enhance valuecreation capacity and boost business performance. The book introduces and explains three models that show how organisations can successfully implement and manage ABIs.

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  • I would like to express my deepest gratitude to all the Authors who contributed to this book by sharing their valuable works with us. This book should prove useful to students, researchers, and experts in the area of conservation biology, genetic diversity and molecular biology. The year 2010 has been celebrated as the international year of biodiversity by the United Nations and it has been a unique opportunity to realize the vital role that biodiversity plays in sustaining the life on Earth.

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  • Understanding the biological basis of aging has fascinated people throughout recorded history, and is one of the great remaining scientific questions. The question has never been more important than now, as we anticipate the impact that a rapidly growing older population will have on the social, political, and medical landscape over the next 50 years. There is increasing evidence that aging involves damage to the genome, and it is certainly the case that such damage explains much of the coupling of most cancers to aging.

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  • This book aims to bring together recent advances and applications of video coding. All chapters can be useful for researchers, engineers, graduate and postgraduate students, experts in this area, and hopefully also for people who are generally interested in video coding. The book includes nine carefully selected chapters.

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  • It was during the Depression that hospitals band- ed together to offer prepaid coverage to citizens. Prepaid hospital coverage was a way for hospitals to avoid the financial failure that befell the banking industry. The approach worked so well that doctors followed suit a few years later and Blue Cross Blue Shield organizations were born. Little did anyone know that the seeds for runaway costs eighty years later had been planted. Prepaid, employer-provided insurance quickly dominated the health care landscape.

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  • From an educational perspective, this kind of phenomenon represents a tantalizing opportunity for deep, transformative learning. To this point, however, relatively little attention has been given to the role of automatic, non-conscious processes in situations where significant learning is occur- ring. Typically, the non-conscious perceptions of interest are reflexive biases and prejudices.

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  • Extraction activities disturb the land surface through clearing of vegetation, removal of topsoil, excavation of ore and overburden and the construction of over- burden dumps or solar evaporation ponds. Removal and stockpiling of topsoil for subsequent rehabilitation is carried out at many mining opera- tions. In a number of cases, topsoil is removed and placed directly on landscaped reclaimed areas. This avoids the cost of re-transporting topsoil from stock- piles and the possible reduction of biodiversity.

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  • We do not always need science to teach us what happens on landscapes, though science enriches that story. All who have had to cope in the world knew this, natives of landscapes wherever. Science brings insight into continu- ing organic, ecological, and evolutionary unity, dynamic genesis; but such unity may also have already been realized by pre-scientific peoples in their inhabiting of a landscape. Science can engage us with landscapes too object- ively, academically, disinterestedly; landscapes are also known in participant encounter, by being embodied in them. ...

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  • German case syncretism is often assumed to be the accidental by-product of historical development. This paper contradicts this claim and argues that the evolution of German case is driven by the need to optimize the cognitive effort and memory required for processing and interpretation. This hypothesis is supported by a novel kind of computational experiments that reconstruct and compare attested variations of the German definite article paradigm.

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  • The ESBG appreciates the efforts of the European Commission and the Liikanen Group to strengthen financial stability in the European banking landscape. The ESBG also welcomes the fact that the Liikanen Group brings the risky practices of investment banking including proprietary trading, shadow banking and the ‘Too big to fail-Problem’ to the spotlight, leaving aside the “Vickers Report” approach.

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  • The Japanese, looking as they do for essences in landscapes, enjoy the transi- ence of nature; how the cherry blossoms are here today, gone tomorrow, and will return again next year, and the next after that. Everyone who constitutes a landscape must also cope on that landscape, and in that struggle everyone who beholds landscapes can become sensitive to what is going on as the world continues on, even though they may not know its deep history in geological and evolutionary time. They know context, if not origins.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Molecular histopathology and tissue biomarkers in drug and diagnostic development" presentation of content: Histopathology - A canvas and landscape of disease in drug and diagnostic development, histopathology in mouse models of rheumatoid arthritis, markers used for visualization and quantification of blood and lymphatic vessels, image analysis tools for quantification of spinal motor neuron subtype identities,...

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  • Remote sensing has been defined as the detection, recognition, or evaluation of objects by means of distant sensing or recording devices. In recent decades, remote sensing technology has emerged to support data collection and analysis methods of potential interest and importance in forest management. Historically, digital remote sensing developed quickly from the technology of aerial photography and photointerpretation science. In forestry, information extracted visually from aerial photographs is well-understood, well-used, and integrated with field surveys.

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  • In recent years many countries have made drastic changes to the architecture of financial supervision, and more countries are contemplating modifications. The current restructuring wave is making the supervisory landscape less uniform than in the past. In several countries the architecture still reflects the classic model, with separate agencies for banking, securities and insurance supervision.

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