We propose a new approach for the creation of child language development metrics. A set of linguistic features is computed on child speech samples and used as input in two age prediction experiments. In the ﬁrst experiment, we learn a child-speciﬁc metric and predicts the ages at which speech samples were produced. We then learn a more general developmental index by applying our method across children, predicting relative temporal orderings of speech samples.
Assembly Bill 748, enacted in 1997, requires
that the test or tests assessing the progress of
English learners toward achieving fluency in
English be aligned with state standards for
English-language development. The San
Diego County Office of Education, under
contract with the Standards and Assessment
Division of the California Department of
Education, named an advisory committee of
state and national leaders to assist in the
development of the English-language development
This paper examines the positive aspects and potential problems in the discourse of transition from summative to formative assessment of oral language development of Chinese secondary students. The discussion includes concepts such as teacher observation, feedback, testing, and the views of teachers on oral language summative assessment.
The paper reports on progress in building computational models of a constructivist approach to language development. It introduces a formalism for construction grammars and learning strategies based on invention, abduction, and induction. Examples are drawn from experiments exercising the model in situated language games played by embodied artiﬁcial agents. b
This is one of three documents of practice listening skills and first author of the Oxford publisher: Jack C Richards, Developing tactics for listening is one of the best-selling book about global listening skills, reach level 2 Basic Tactics for listening following book, Oxford compiled with the content very easy to understand the appeal of the audiences. English is used in this document is U.S. English. Books are in line with those for the TOEFL or TOEIC.
The Developing Tactics for Listening Test Booklet is
designed for unit-by-unit evaluation of students'
mastery of the Student Book. (Midterm and final
tests are available separately in Developing Tactics
for Listening Teacher's Book.) The tests may be given
in a language laboratory or in a regular classroom
with a CD player, and they are easily administered
to large or small groups of students. Teachers may
use the tests to assign grades or to identify areas in
which students need additional assistance....
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