Xem 1-20 trên 377 kết quả Language dictionary language
  • As a derivative volume from Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2nd edition, it comprises contributions from the foremost scholars of semantics in their various specializations and draws on 20+ years of development in the parent work in a compact and affordable format. Principally intended for tertiary level inquiry and research, this will be invaluable as a reference work for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as academics inquiring into the study of meaning and meaning relations within languages.

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  • The undersigned, in behalf of the Young People's Institute, hasten to present to you the followingResolutions, together with their personal thanks, for the Lectures you have delivered before them, on the Philosophy of Language. The uncommon degree of interest, pleasure and profit, with which you have been listened to, is conclusive evidence, that whoever possesses taste and talents to comprehend and appreciate the philosophy of language, which you have so successfully cultivated, cannot fail to attain a powerful influence over the minds of his audience. ...

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  • Introduction "Language nations" online Towards a "linguistic democracy" Encoding: from ASCII to Unicode First multilingual projects Online language dictionaries Learning languages online Minority languages on the web Multilingual encyclopedias .Localization and internationalization Machine translation Chronology Websites INTRODUCTION It is true that the internet transcends the limitations of time, distances and borders, but what about languages? Non-English-speaking internet users reached 50% in July 2000.

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  • An open, extendible multi-dictionary system is introduced in the paper. It supports the translator in accessing adequate entries of various bi- and monolingual dictionaries and translation examples from parallel corpora. Simultaneously an unlimited number of dictionaries can be held open, thus by a single interrogation step, all the dictionaries (translations, explanations, synonyms, etc.) can be surveyed. The implemented system (called MoBiDic) knows morphological rules of the dictionaries' languages. ...

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  • We describe an approach to improve the bilingual cooccurrence dictionary that is used for word alignment, and evaluate the improved dictionary using a version of the Competitive Linking algorithm. We demonstrate a problem faced by the Competitive Linking algorithm and present an approach to ameliorate it. In particular, we rebuild the bilingual dictionary by clustering similar words in a language and assigning them a higher cooccurrence score with a given word in the other language than each single word would have otherwise.

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  • Dictionaries contain a rich set of relationships between their senses, but often these relationships are only implicit. We report on our experiments to automatically identify links between the senses in a machinereadable dictionary. In particular, we automatically identify instances of zero-affix morphology, and use that information to find specific linkages between senses. This work has provided insight into the performance of a stochastic tagger. 1 Introduction (LDOCE), is a dictionary for learners of English as a second language.

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  • The papers in this panel consider machine-readable dictionaries from several perspectives: research in computational linguistics and computational lexicology, the development of tools for improving accessibility, the design of lexical reference systems for educational purposes, and applications of machine-readable dictionaries in information science contexts. As background and by way of introduction, a description is provided of a workshop on machine-readable dictionaries that was held at SRI International in April 1983. ...

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  • In this paper we provide a quantitative evaluation of information automatically extracted from machine readable dictionaries. Our results show that for any one dictionary, 55-70% of the extracted information is garbled in some way. However, we show that these results can be dramatically reduced to about 6% by combining the information extracted from five dictionaries. It therefore appears that even if individual dictionaries are an unreliable source of semantic information, multiple dictionaries can play an important role in building large lexical-semantic databases. ...

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  • Obtain a Dictionary Before attempting to use this book, you will need to obtain a good English-English dictionary, such as the Easier English Dictionary for Students (ISBN: 978 07475 6624 3) published by A&C Black Publishers Ltd, which this workbook has been based on. Using your Dictionary A dictionary is really a long list of individual words, but in normal situations, words are very rarely used on their own, appearing instead together with other words.

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  • This is the first dictionary entirely devoted to new words and meanings to have been published by the Oxford University Press. It follows in the tradition of the Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary in attempting to record the history of some recent additions to the language, but, unlike the Supplement, it is necessarily very selective in the words, phrases, and meanings whose stories it sets out to tell and it stands as an independent work, unrelated (except in the resources it...

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  • The following version of this PDF dictionary doesn't exixt originally in that form; it comes as a CD software. What I did was to copy all those images inside the CD and photoshoped them.Thus, it will be much easier for those interested teachers to use them in thier classes in forms of copies.The dictionary contains approximately 1500 divided into different themes such

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  • This is the first dictionary entirely devoted to new words and meanings to have been published by the Oxford niversity Press. It follows in the tradition of the Supplement to the Oxford English Dictionary in attempting to record the history of some recent additions to the language, but,unlike the Supplement, it is necessarily very selective in the words,phrases, and meanings whose stories it sets out to tell and it stands as an independent ork, unrelated (except in the resources it draws upon)to the Oxford English Dictionary...

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  • In its narrowest sense, a synonym is a word or phrase that is perfectly substitutable in a context for another word or phrase. People who study language professionally agree that there is no such thing as an ideal synonym, for it is virtually impossible to find two words or phrases that are identical in denotation (meaning), connotation, frequency, familiarity, and appropriateness. Indeed, linguists have long noted the economy of language, which suggests that no language permits a perfect fit,...

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  • Slang and Society Slang derives much of its power from the fact that it is clandestine, forbidden or generally disapproved of. So what happens once it is accepted, even in some cases embraced and promoted by ‘mainstream’ society? Not long ago the Oxford English Dictionary characterised slang as ‘low and disreputable’; in the late 1970s the pioneering sociolinguist Michael Halliday used the phrase ‘anti-language’ in his study of the speech of criminals and marginals. For him, theirs was an interestingly ‘pathological’ form of language.

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  • The chart on the previous page shows the characters which are used to transcribe pronunciations in the dictionary. The sounds and key words are recorded on the cassetts, followed by the vowel sounds in sequence. Within words, syllable boundaries are shown bu space.English is a language of the western branch of the German language group in the Indo-European), were imported to England by the language invasion of many people in the 6th century.

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  • Assembly Bill 748, enacted in 1997, requires that the test or tests assessing the progress of English learners toward achieving fluency in English be aligned with state standards for English-language development. The San Diego County Office of Education, under contract with the Standards and Assessment Division of the California Department of Education, named an advisory committee of state and national leaders to assist in the development of the English-language development (ELD) standards.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'the oxford dictionary of new words: a popular guide to words in the news', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Homophone are words of the same language that are pronounced alike even of they differ in spelling, meaning, or origin, such as " pair", and " pear". Homophones may also bi spelled alike, as in " bear" ( the animal) and " bear" ( to carry). Other common homophones are write and right, meet and meat, peace and piece. You have to listen to the context to know which word someone means if they’re spoken aloud. If they say they like your jeans (genes?), they’re probably talking about your pants and not your height and eye color — but you’d...

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  • All languages have phrases or sentences that cannot be understood liter- ally. Even if you know the meaning of all the words in a phrase and under- stand all the grammar of the phrase completely, the meaning of the phrase may still be confusing. Many proverbs, informal phrases, and common say- ings offer this kind of problem. A phrase or sentence of this type is said to be idiomatic. This dictionary is a collection of the idiomatic phrases and sentences that occur frequently in American English. The third edition contains more than one thousand idiomatic expressions not listed in...

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  • All languages have phrases that cannot be understood literally and, therefore, cannot be used with confidence. They are opaque or unpredictable because they don’t have expected, literal meaning. Even if you know the meaning of all the words in a phrase and understand all the grammar of the phrase completely, the meaning of the phrase may still be confusing. A phrase or sentence of this type is said to be idiomatic. This dictionary is a collection of the idiomatic phrases and sentences that occur frequently in American English.

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