Xem 1-20 trên 156 kết quả Large firms
  • We control for risk exposures in measuring the funds' ability to outperform following the four factor approach advocated by Carhart (1997). We start with a Pan-European four-factor model.

    pdf33p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 22 7   Download

  • On schemes involving different types of engineering, design may be let out in separate ‘packages’ to different specialist consultants. For instance the design of an industrial estate may be packaged into – roads and drainage; water supply and sewerage; power supplies, and landscaping. For large schemes the promoter may appoint an overall consultant with wide experience to co-ordinate the inputs of the specialist design consultants.

    pdf83p tainhacmienphi 25-02-2013 24 5   Download

  • The development of the small and medium enterprise sector is deemed crucial for economic growth and poverty alleviation. Such firms are often though to be at a disadvantage when compared with larger enterprises, but the reverse can apply, for example in the more flexible approach of the smaller firm. This paper draws on a private sector survey in 80 countries examining whether business obstacles are related to firm size.

    pdf62p addition1122 16-04-2013 18 5   Download

  • The current financial crisis occurred after a long and remarkable period of growth and innovation in our financial markets. New financial instruments allowed credit risks to be spread widely, enabling investors to diversify their portfolios in new ways and enabling banks to shed exposures that had once stayed on their balance sheets. Through securitization, mortgages and other loans could be aggregated with similar loans and sold in tranches to a large and diverse pool of new investors with different risk preferences.

    pdf64p mebachano 01-02-2013 24 3   Download

  • Terminal 2 was opened in 1960. Once again, the architect firm responsible was Vilhelm Lauritzen AS. Its simple layout as a large, centre-less space with inserted and replaceable floor slabs was designed to make it possible to carry out later conversions and extensions without bringing the terminal to a halt. In 1987, Vilhelm Lauritzen AS completed an extension of Terminal 2 with a large new shopping centre. The terminal has subsequently been converted and extended several times (see pages 16 and 24).

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  • Doctoral students have often requested concrete examples and guidelines from us. On the other hand, many guidebooks are at a more general level than the requested instruction. Ideally, adequate guidance would be conducted by a supervising professor, or a research group, but this is not always the case. This guidebook attempts to provide tangible tips that have been identified as beneficial for writing articles. Once someone tries to concretise the process of writing they are also easier to criticise.

    pdf210p commentcmnr 03-06-2013 48 16   Download

  • Accounting Theory 6e is the new edition of this widely respected accounting theory textbook. The new edition has been updated in accordance with the new IASB Framework and addresses the differences in reported information as a consequence of international harmonisation of accounting standards and accounting choices. Throughout this edition, new developments in accounting theory are supported with links to professional experiences, both locally and internationally.

    pdf9p greengrass304 17-09-2012 40 14   Download

  • Recently, reflecting the growing needs of young people who intend to become more competent in the English language and plan to go abroad for study and work, not only universities but also more high schools in Japan have started to conduct preparation courses for English proficiency tests such as TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) and TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication), in addition to ordinary English classes.

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  • The Volcker Rule prohibitions come into effect on July 21, 2012, regardless of whether the regulations are fi nal- ized by that point. 37 Banking entities have a further pe- riod of two years from the effective date to comply with the Volcker Rule.

    pdf0p hongphuocidol 04-04-2013 17 7   Download

  • 2 Using Behavioral Economic Field Experiments at a Firm The Context and Design of the Truckers and Turnover Project.2.1 Introduction The Truckers and Turnover Project is a statistical case study of a single large trucking firm and its driver employees

    pdf62p yeutrasua 29-11-2010 50 6   Download

  • Welcome to the Authoritative and Leading Edge Content for Sustainable Development. The practice of sustainable development is becoming widespread in all industries around the globe today, and both small and large firms are realizing the benefits provided by sustainability. The World Commission on Environment and Development defines sustainable development as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

    pdf600p conquynho32 14-09-2012 24 6   Download

  • Our paper proceeds as follows. Section 2 reviews our data, and describes the economic state variables and risk factors used in the study. Section 3 reviews the investor types considered in our study, and provides details on the methodology. Section 4 presents the main empirical results, while Section 5 conducts an attribution analysis and Section 6 provides robustness results. Finally, Section 7 concludes. Details on data sources, variable construction, and additional robustness results are provided in a series of appendices available from the web....

    pdf50p khanhchilam 29-03-2013 32 6   Download

  • The second model of social funds is a part of a ministry, for example, the Bolivia fund or FOSIS in Chile, which are at the second stage. They have more formal agreements with the ministries, they lay less em- phasis on emergency procurement, and civil service rules are followed more closely. Then there are the larger funds in Colombia, Costa Rica, and Mexico. These are usually large umbrella institutions. They have no autonomy. They are financed from the national budget. They implement or coordinate many social programs with the objective of reaching the poorest....

    pdf6p thangbienthai 23-11-2012 27 5   Download

  • However, we believe that NOP officials need to further improve program administration and strengthen their management controls to ensure more effective enforcement of program requirements when serious violations, including operations that market product as organic while under suspension, are found. In addition, they need to strengthen their oversight of certifying agents and organic operations to ensure that organic products are consistently and uniformly meeting NOP standards.

    pdf45p tay_thi_le 19-02-2013 17 5   Download

  • These qualifications are designed for learners who are employed in senior administrative positions. They would probably be responsible for supervising staff, and for implementing and monitoring systems and services. Learners are required to take mandatory units which cover working in a business environment managing own performance as well as areas such as communicating, supporting sustainability and managing risk.

    pdf355p lenh_hoi_xung 22-02-2013 23 5   Download

  • In developing its own QMP, the Design-Builder is encouraged to follow the organization and format of this QMP Outline. The Design-Builder may elect to use all or part of the QMP Outline. When using the QMP Outline, the Design-Builder shall make changes to section headings and text as needed to meet project-specific requirements and the Design-Builder’s own quality approach. The QMP Outline is provided for informational purposes only.

    pdf124p tainhacmienphi 25-02-2013 29 5   Download

  • Korea’s experience also illustrates how good crisis management can accelerate structural adjustment. The Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s led to significant down-sizing among large firms in Korea. This process was characterized by mass lay-offs of highly-skilled personnel, and large reductions in corporate R&D spending. The response of the Korean government, in addition to boosting education expenditure, was to increase its R&D budget, to offset the decline in corporate R&D spending.

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  • We propose an evolution in the Federal Reserve’s current supervisory authority for BHCs to create a single point of accountability for the consolidated supervision of all companies that own a bank. All large, interconnected firms whose failure could threaten the stability of the system should be subject to consolidated supervision by the Federal Reserve, regardless of whether they own an insured depository institution. These firms should not be able to escape oversight of their risky activities by manipulating their legal structure.

    pdf51p mebachano 01-02-2013 20 4   Download

  • A surge in expenditure after payday could also reflect stockpiling of durable goods. Households might try to minimize transaction costs of shopping by buying all of their durable goods in one large shopping trip. Given the presence of binding credit constraints, and even a slight degree of impatience, households could choose to time this large shopping trip at the beginning of each pay period.

    pdf40p bin_pham 06-02-2013 12 4   Download

  • Small businesses’ share of private-sector employment is a constant shuffle of employer-employee matches. Some employees may even consider the size of the firm in their decision to accept an employment offer or to jump ship. But even though economists may think in terms of individuals choosing to work for small or large firms, it’s more likely that workers choose an occupation and then a job that an employer offers. Some occupations are in greater supply in small firms than large firms. For instance, someone choosing to be a dental hygienist would tend to work for a small...

    pdf28p nhacchovina 25-02-2013 18 4   Download

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