This book roughly follows the process of care, illustrating the techniques involved in
medical imaging informatics. Our intention in this text is to provide a roadmap for the
different topics that are involved in this field: in many cases, the topics covered in the
ensuing chapters are themselves worthy of lengthy descriptions, if not an entire book.
As a result, when possible the authors have attempted to provide both seminal and
current references for the reader to pursue additional details....
Brightly colored condoms, arranged in the shape of bicycles, eyeglasses,
or flowers: part of an extensive campaign against the AIDS risk, these
have been a common sight on billboards in Germany for several years
now. An advertising spot presented on the Arte television channel
(which defines itself as the cultural television channel of Europe) calls
on viewers to “fight together.” The spots on German television (distributed
by both private and public channels) are about “not giving
AIDS a chance.
Conventional project evaluation tends to exaggerate highway expansion economic
benefits by ignoring induced travel effects (Hodge, Weisbrod and Hart 2003; Litman
2007a). Urban traffic congestion tends to maintain equilibrium; it gets bad enough to
discourage further growth in peak-period vehicle trips.
Probabilistic topic models have recently gained much popularity in informational retrieval and related areas. Via such models, one can project high-dimensional objects such as text documents into a low dimensional space where their latent semantics are captured and modeled; can integrate multiple sources of information—to ”share statistical strength” among components of a hierarchical probabilistic model; and can structurally display and classify the otherwise unstructured object collections. ...