The U.S. legal system is admired around
the world for the freedoms it allows the
individual and the fairness with which it
attempts to treat all persons. On the surface, it
may seem simple, yet those who have delved
into it know that this system of federal and
state constitutions, statutes, regulations, and
common-law decisions is elaborate and complex.
It derives from the English common law,
but includes principles older than England,
along with some principles from other lands.
Measuring the institutional foundations of financial markets is essential for understanding
its determinants, and help design better policies
• Indices of the rule of law, creditor rights and information, business transparency, and the
quality of infrastructure are associated with deeper and more efficient financial markets
• In banking and securities markets, characteristics related to private monitoring and enforcement
drive development more than public enforcement measures
When the Editorial and Programme Director of the Institute
of Economic Affairs asked me to write the foreword to this new
edition of Cento Veljanovski’s The Economics of Law, I accepted his
invitation immediately and with great pleasure. A book I had long
wanted to see back in print, to benefi t both new generations of
students and practising lawyers and economists as yet unfamiliar
with the area, would soon once again be available.
International law is the term commonly used for referring to laws that govern the conduct of independent nations in their relationships with one another. It differs from other legal systems in that it primarily concerns provinces rather than private citizens.
This ﬁfth edition ofMalcolm Shaw’s bestselling textbook on international
law provides a clear, authoritative and comprehensive introduction to the
subject. This leading text has been fully revised and updated to Spring 2003
to take account of new developments in the ﬁeld.
The authors would like to thank the European Agency for Safety and Health
at Work, the Health and Safety Executive, the New Law Journal, the Sheffield
Information Centre, HSE and the Institute of Employment Rights for giving
permission to reproduce materials in this book.
Every effort has been made to trace all the copyright holders, but if any
have been inadvertently overlooked, the publishers will be pleased to make
the necessary arrangements at the first opportunity.
This book began not as a scholarly enterprise but as a service to the
text-hungry law faculties of Russia and other post-Communist countries
in Asia and Eastern Europe. I wanted to write a book that would
introduce Russian law students to Western ways of thinking about
criminal law. Indeed, I conceived of doing a series of books for Russian
law students on basic concepts of law, with an emphasis on jurisprudential
and comparative issues.
In late 2002 an increasingly heated debate arose within the United
Nations Security Council about the merits of using force to disarm and
depose Saddam Hussein’s regime in Iraq. The Bush Administration
gave the Council an ultimatum: uphold the rule of international law,
expressed in numerous Council resolutions calling on the regime to disarm,
or follow the League of Nations into the dustbin of history. If the
Council would not license the use of force, the United States would lead
a ‘Coalition of the Willing’ to defend the rule of law and protect international
This book is based on a doctoral thesis completed at the Faculty of Law,
University of Cambridge. It benefited from research funding provided
by Gonville and Caius College and the Faculty of Law in Cambridge,
and from the hospitality and generous assistance of Professors Jürgen
Basedow and Reinhard Zimmermann during a period at the Max
Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law in
Hamburg, and of Professor George Bermann during a period as a
Visiting Scholar at Columbia University....
With the start of the first prosecutions by the International Criminal Court and the
closing phases of the work of the ad hoc Tribunals, this is a good time for a new book
on international criminal law and its institutions. This book is intended as an accessible
yet challenging explanation and appraisal of international criminal law and
procedure for students, academics and practitioners. We focus on the crimes which
are within the jurisdiction of international courts or tribunals – genocide, crimes
against humanity, war crimes and aggression – and the means of prosecuting them.
WHILE POLITICS WRESTLES with the Constitutional Treaty as the
founding legal document de lege ferenda, this volume presents a
European constitutional law—not as a mere project but as binding,
valid law, as lex lata. Of course, no document in force carries this designation.
Scholarly terminology, however, does not require the blessing of politics.
There are good reasons to treat the European Union’s current primary
law as constitutional law.
The International Institute for the Sociology of Law in Oñati has enabled
this group of scholars who share an interest in family law and family poli-
cy, but come from a variety of academic disciplines and countries, to meet,
to argue and to develop their ideas over almost a decade. We are grateful
for this opportunity and proud to present our third volume of essays.