NESTA (2005) indicates that the UK creative industries contribute 8.9% to GDP,
compared with circa 3% from manufacturing. During 2002, total creative industries
exports contributed £11.5 billion to the balance of trade (Department For Culture,
Media And Sports, 2004), and £11.6 billion in 2003 (Department for Culture, Media
and Sports, 2005). The top destination of export of UK design services is the US,
although fee income generated from Europe has seen an increase of 2%. By
comparison, in France design, though not comparable with creative industries
contributes less than 0.