Legal instruments

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  • Human rights are legally guaranteed by human rights law, protecting individuals and groups against actions that interfere with fundamental freedoms and human dignity.(3) They encompass what are known as civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. Human rights are principally concerned with the relationship between the individual and the state. Governmental obligations with regard to human rights broadly fall under the principles of respect, protect and fulfil.

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  • What can you measure and what are your limits when orbiting in space? Learn about what physical quantities you can measure and what types of sensors you can buy or build. We cover the 5 essential design limits as well: power, bandwidth, resolution, computing... and legal limitations. Explore what you can play with using your own personal satellite.

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  • Non-governmental organisations (NGOs) are playing an increasing political role on the international scene, and their position in relation to international law is generally regarded as important but informal. Their actual legal status has not been the subject of much investigation. This book examines the legal status of NGOs in different fields of international law, with emphasis on human rights law.

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  • Progress Microfinance has been implemented through two actions, both of which are managed by EIF. They are: 1) a guarantee instrument to providers of micro-credit (funded entirely by the European Commission); and 2) a structured investment vehicle set up under Luxembourg law, the European Progress Microfinance Fund, funded by the European Commission and the EIB.

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  • Legal procedures determine what the law is and what may be possibly enforced. Normally left to the practitioners their role particularly in the field of the grey zones of international law merits closer attention. This book introduces a proce- dural perspective to better deal with the often inchoate nature of international law both in practice and doctrine.

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  • To mitigate concerns with survival bias, Lipper proactively consults ocial fund lists as well as contacting new and existing fund companies to obtain data on new funds. Otto Kober, Global Head of Methodology, explained that Lipper \... consults ocial registration lists to have our database updated. We proactively approach the fund management companies for the data. There are a few instances where we do not get the data{especially for private funds or funds that are restricted exclusively to certain investors." Moreover, \We usually consult the ocial authorization lists.

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  • Despite the protection afforded by several important legal instruments, the environment continues to be the silent victim of armed conflicts worldwide. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has conducted over twenty post-conflict assessments since 1999, using state-of-the-art science to determine the environmental impacts of war. From Kosovo to Afghanistan, Sudan and the Gaza Strip, UNEP has found that armed conflict causes significant harm to the environment and the communities that depend on natural resources.

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  • The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes is a rapidly growing phenomenon, requiring a proactive and coordinated response from Member States. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) plays a key role in providing assistance to Member States, in furtherance of its mandate to strengthen the capacity of national criminal justice systems to implement the provisions of the international legal instruments against terrorism, and does so in compliance with the principles of rule of law and international human rights standards.

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  • Few among us can claim to have shaped the course of world history. M. Cherif Bassiouni, however, is just such a man. Often referred to as the “father” of modern international criminal law, his fingerprints are upon every major international criminal law instrument of the past 45 years including the Apartheid Convention, the Torture Convention, and the Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court. An extraordinarily prolific scholar, Bassiouni has written and edited 72 books on Extradition Law, International and Comparative Criminal Law, International Human Rights, and U.S.

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  • Around 120,000 passengers benefit from the service provided by three-wheel SAFA tempos on a daily basis. Kathmandu perhaps has more number of battery-powered commuter electric vehicles than any other urban centers in the world. The EV drivers get NRs. 4,000 to NRs. 5, 000 per month. The tempo owners need NRs. 6000 – 7000 per months for charging and NRs.10, 000 per month for depreciation of the batteries. When the batteries are new, the SAFA Tempos can get a range of 70 or more kms. But, due to the aging, the capacity of the battery is reduced and the SAFA...

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  • In 1992 the University of North Carolina Press, in association with the American Society for Legal History, published my two-volume work en- titled The Mansfield Manuscripts and the Growth of English Law in the Eigh- teenth Century. The two volumes were made up of three parts: transcrip- tions of notes taken by LordMansfield of jury trials he conducted across his thirty active years as Chief Justice of the Court of King’s Bench (1756–86), my own explanatory essays, and a variety of appendixes. Together the two volumes reached almost 1,700 printed pages.

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  • The provisions for embedded derivatives in IAS 39 apply to derivatives embedded in insurance contracts or financial instruments with discretionary participation features, within the scope of IFRS 4. However, if the embedded derivative is itself an insurance contract or a financial instrument with a discretionary participation feature within the scope of IFRS 4, it need not be separated and measured in terms of IAS 39.

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  • The Journal of Korean Law reviews all the received materials. Manuscripts are sent to three most relevant investigators for review of the contents. The editor selects peer referees by recommendation of the Editorial Board members or from the specialist database owned by the Editorial Board. For review, names and their affiliations of the authors are blinded.

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  • What does it mean to own stock? Basically it means that a stock holder has a share in the company it holds stock in. In a sense the stockholders own a piece of the company that it has stock in. Stock shares are traded, bought and sold at a stock exchange such as the New York Stock Exchange which is the best known, but by no means the only stock exchange. Stocks are a type of security, Securities are instruments giving to their legal holders rights to money or other property. Securities include stocks, bonds, notes, mortgages,...

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  • The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade came into force on 1 January 1948. This booklet contains the complete text of the General Agreement together with all amendments which have become effective since its entry into force. The text is identical to that published, since 1969, as Volume IV in the series Basic Instruments and Selected Documents. A guide to the legal sources of the provisions of the Agreement is provided in an appendix.

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  • 3 Checks and the Risk of Fraud. This chapter discusses the law of negotiable instruments, the application of the legal doctrine of a “holder in due course” to checks, the check system in the United States, how the risk of fraud is allocated to the parties participating in a check transaction

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  • Law, Ethics and Communication, a paper introduced by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India for the students of Professional Competence Examination is a mix of Business Law, Business Ethics and Business Communication. Whereas, Business Law formed part of the earlier curriculum of the C.A. PE-II course also, Business Ethics and Communication have been introduced for the first time.

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  • This document presents the operational framework chosen by the Eurosystem* for the single monetary policy in the euro area. The document, which forms part of the Eurosystem’s legal framework for monetary policy instruments and procedures, is intended to serve as the “General Documentation” on the monetary policy instruments and procedures of the Eurosystem, and is aimed, in particular, at providing counterparties with the information they need in relation to the Eurosystem’s monetary policy framework....

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  • The urgent need to ensure the conservation of biological diversity is now widely recognised, but the role of an intellectual property rights regime as an instrument for biodiversity conservation is poorly understood and often hotly debated. This volume is a detailed analysis of the economic and scientific rationales for the use of a property rights-based approach to biodiversity conservation. It discusses the justification for, and implemen- tation of, intellectual property rights regimes as incentive systems to encourage conservation.

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