Levels of strategy

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  • This paper discusses a sequence of deductive parsers, called PAD1 - PAD5, that utilize an a x i o m a t i z a t i o n of the p r i n c i p l e s a n d parameters of GB theory, including a restricted transformational component (Move-a). PAD2 uses an inference control strategy based on the "freeze" predicate of Prolog-II, while PAD3 - 5 utilize the Unfold-Fold transformation to transform the original axiomatization into a form that functions as a recursive descent Prolog parser for the fragment. INTRODUCTION In this paper I...

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  • Operations Management is the activity of managing the resources which produce and deliver goods and services (Slack et al., 2010). Operations can be seen as one of many functions (e.g. marketing, finance, personnel) within the organisation. The operations function can be described as that part of the organisation devoted to the production or delivery of goods and services. This means all organisations undertake operations activities because every organisation produces goods and/or services.

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  • Focusing on the rich biodiversity of Costa Rica, the contributors demonstrate the use of geographic information systems (GIS) to enhance conservation efforts. They give an overview of the spatial nature of conservation and management and the current status of digital mapping in Costa Rica; a review of the basic principles behind digital mapping technologies; a series of case studies using these technologies at a variety of scales and for a range of conservation and management activities; and the results of the Costa Rican gap analysis project....

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  • Nonetheless, data is data, and whilst the interpretation may be suspect (which can happen with even the best controlled studies), the data is the most valuable asset in a research paper. Of course insight that either consolidates or furthers our understanding is vital, but without data it can be nothing more than an armchair idea. Many journals require the highest levels of scientific rigour, which may make some research inaccessible - really a form of scientific censorship.

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  • The social democratic political economies showed higher levels of union density, that is, a greater propor- tion of workers belonging to organised labour unions, social security expenditures, and public employment levels. They had the largest public expenditure in health care from 1960 to 1990, and greatest health care coverage of citizens. These nations instituted full employment strategies, achieved high rates of female employment, and showed the lowest degree of income inequality and poverty rates.

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  • Audit Committees are no more than a part of those defences. But we believe that they are a most important part and that there could be considerable benefits if their role were clarified and enhanced. This would be beneficial not only in increasing the level of assurance against catastrophic failure and gross malfeasance; it would also offer improvements on a wider front, raising the overall standard of corporate governance for all companies that implement our guidance.

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  • It is likely that with climate change (which could lead to increased rainfall, river flows, and higher coastal storm surges) and development pressures, flood risk in England is going to increase in the future, with potentially the most significant changes likely to happen in the latter half of the century. The Environment Agency has prepared a Long-term investment strategy that will allow us to understand future levels of risk and what investment may be needed to manage it over the next 25 years and beyond.

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  • The UK Government and devolved administrations are committed to delivering clean air for a good quality of life. We have come a long way since the smogs of the 1950s. We have achieved cleaner air through regulating emissions from industrial processes, progressively tightening emissions and fuel standards for road vehicles and controlling smoke from domestic premises. But there are still sometimes levels of pollution that can significantly harm human health and the environment.

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  • By its very nature a one or two day inspection of an organisation processing a substantial volume of personal data cannot be deemed to be conclusive. Final report findings and recommendations should always be viewed in this context. As previously stated, the inspection team does not set out to examine each piece of personal data processed by the organisation, proceed through each of the eight data protection principles in minute detail or obtain a complete view of security within an organisation.

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  • Economic policy makers, macroprudential supervisors or investors are interested in reli- able estimates of the equilibrium level of credit in the economy. While earlier theoretical and empirical studies concentrated mostly on the aggregate level of credit to the pri- vate sector or the value of corporate credit, more recent studies focus on the problem of credit to households.

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  • Few issues display more clearly the competition between China’s drive to become economically developed and to conserve biodiversity than hydropower development. This is the subject of China’s most recent environmental controversy. In August 2003, the National Development and Reform Commission, a powerful economics super-ministry, authorized construction of a 13-station dam along the Nu1 River (Nujiang) in Yunnan Province. After at least a decade of construction, the dam would become the world’s largest.

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  • The constraints of limited infrastructure and resources in most developing countries and the low level of awareness of opportunities for preventing the disease stimulated the formation in 1999 of the international Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP), with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The purposes of the ACCP are to develop and evaluate innovative approaches in order to reach more women at high risk of cervical cancer with effective and feasible screening and treatment services and to persuade policymakers and program managers to make it a priority.

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  • Repression/Denial. In a meta-analytic review of the literature of psychosocial fac- tors and the development of breast cancer, McKenna and colleagues (1999) found sig- nificant effect sizes for an association between breast cancer and the use of a coping strategy based on denial/repression. Astudy by Jensen (1983) provides important evidence supporting the idea that repres- sion involves disregulation of the immune system that, in turn, influences cancer.

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  • This paper presents a framework for the definition of monotonic repair rules on chart items and Lexicalized Tree Grammars. We exploit island representations and a new level of granularity for the linearization of a tree called c o n n e c t e d routes. It allows to take into account the topology of the tree in order to trigger additional rules. These local rules cover ellipsis and common extra-grammatical phenomena such as self-repairs. First results with a spoken language corpora are presented. ...

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  • Lecture "Designing business plan - Unit 4: Marketing plan" presentation of content: Overall marketing strategy, discussion, three levels of products, marketing Mix (Product, pricing, place, promotion).

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  • In this chapter students will be able to: Define strategy, explain why the goal of strategy is to attain superior performance, describe what is meant by competitive advantage, explain how business-level strategy can lead to competitive advantage, explain how operations strategy can lead to competitive advantage, explain how corporate-level strategy can lead to competitive advantage.

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  • Total health expenditure per capita is estimated at around US$ 13 (2007/2008), far below the target of US$ 34 recommended by the WHO Commission on Macroeconomics and Health to provide a basic package of services in low-income countries. According to the Medium-Term Expenditure Framework projections, health expenditure per capita is expected to reach US$ 15 by 2011. As of 2006/2007, 11 government total expenditure on health as a percentage of government expenditure was about 9%, far below the Abuja target of 15%.

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  • It is widely recognized that a question-answerlng system should be able to tailor its answers to the user. One of the dimensions Mong which thus tailoring can occur is with respect to the level of knowledge of a user about a domain. In particular, responses should be different depending on whether they are addressed to ns/ve or expert users. To understand what those differences should be, we a~alyzed texts from adult and iunior encyclopedias. W e found that two different strategies were used in describing complex physical obiects to juniors and adults. W e show how these strategies have...

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  • Chapter 2: Developing successful marketing and organizational strategies. In this chapter, you learned to: Describe two kinds of organizations and the three levels of strategy in them; describe how core values, mission, organizational culture, business, and goals are important to organizations; explain why managers use marketing dashboards and marketing metrics;...

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  • Chapter 2 - Developing successful marketing and organizational strategies. After reading chapter 2, you should be able to: Describe two kinds of organizations and the three levels of strategy in them; describe how core values, mission, organizational culture, business, and goals are important to organizations; explain why managers use marketing dashboards and marketing metrics.

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