The ECE industry in California directly employs around 154,000 to 169,700 individuals caring for
children. In licensed FCC homes there are 38,989 providers and 19,262 paid assistants (CCCRRN
2009 and Whitebook et al. 2006c),
2 and in licensed centers there are 44,600 teachers, 22,600 assistant
teachers, and 6,900 directors (CCCRRN 2011). We estimate that between 24,100 and 39,800
Californians are employed in license-exempt FCC (authors’ analysis, see Appendix C). The vast
majority of ECE workers are female.