These research teams study for example the impact and mechanisms of greenhouse
gas emissions and atmospheric pollutant on climate, ozone depletion and carbon sinks
(oceans and inland waters, forests and soil). They do research to understand the
mechanisms and assess the impact of global change on the water cycle, water quality
and availability, as well as soil functions and quality to provide the bases for
management tools for sustainable water systems. Biodiversity and ecosystems are
analysed to understand and minimise the negative impacts of human activities.
When planning how to reduce the threat of global warming and how to adapt to it, a
very important piece of information is how intense the change will be. That implies
estimating the trends of future concentrations of greenhouse gasses, and the potential
future changes in temperature, precipitation, storm events and other climatic
variables. These predictions are important not only to estimate the magnitude of the
changes, but also to determine the uncertainty surrounding them.
We present measures of board structure for the restating and control samples
in panel B of Table 5. The two groups of firms have similar board
structures. The median board size for restating (control) firms is 7 (8) members.
The median proportion of independent directors (PID) is about 71
percent in each sample. About 5 percent of the independent directors hold
5 percent or larger blocks of equity (PID5) in both groups. One striking
difference between the two groups is in the incidence of an independent
director with financial expertise (IDFE).
Messaging systems based on queuing include products such as Microsoft’s MSMQ and
IBM’s MQSeries . The queuing model with their store-and-forward mechanisms come into
play where the sender of the message expects someone to handle the message while imposing
asynchronous communication and guaranteed delivery constraints. A widely used standard
in messaging is the Message Passing Interface Standard (MPI) . MPI is designed for
high performance on both massively parallel machines and workstation clusters.
There are potential threats to the sustainability of handwash-
ing with soap promotion in Peru, including the upcoming
turnover of political and technical officials throughout the
country (local officials will change in early 2011 and a new
president will be elected later in the year). There is also an
ongoing high turnover of teachers and, to a lesser extent, of
He had called up a quarter of an hour
before to say that he had unexpectedly to go to Cannes to meet Lord Seafair and
was starting at once, but urgently wanted to see . her before he went. Lord Seafair
was the Secretary of State for India and this sudden summons could only mean
that Edgar was after all going to be offered the distinguished position upon which
he had set his heart. Sir Edgar Swift, K.C.S.I., was in the Indian Civil Service, as
her father had been, and he had had a distinguished career. He had been for...
The developments in 2002 started with the Commission’s recommendation for an
early warning when it became apparent that Germany and Portugal would deviate
significantly from the envisaged consolidation paths and would be close to the 3% of
GDP limit for the deficit. When the Commission launched its annual review of public
finances in Member States, rumours spread out on 17 January that it was considering
an early warning to Germany and Portugal.
Overall, Cambodia’s rubber export competitiveness remains weaker than that of
other countries in the region, except for the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. One
of the problems is that despite the application of conventional technology for the
management and maintenance of rubber trees and traditional rubber clones, per-
hectare rubber yield remains lower than in other countries of the region.
On a regional average, in countries that witnessed uprisings or popular movements - there are slight gender differences
between men’s and women’s uses of social media during the “Arab spring” according to the survey respondents.
While the top two uses of social media were for the purpose of raising awareness and spreading information about the
events related to uprisings and revolutions, a slightly larger percentage of men than women used social media for these
In order to support building engineering physicists in practice, we must
develop new centres in universities and new funding mechanisms to support
original and applied research into building energy performance. The
dissemination of real world building performance information capable of being
benchmarked, rather than marketing misinformation will not just inform future
low carbon building designs, but also allow for the development of robust
The Blacksmith Institute’s database contains almost 350 sites contaminated with mercury, putting close to
10 million people at risk from the identified sites. It is the second most prevalent pollutant in the database.
The top sources of mercury pollution are artisanal gold processing, mining and ore processing, coal mining,
processing and localized air pollution related to coal combustion at poorly controlled sites, and chemical
manufacturing, notably for older chlor-alkali plants making chlorine.
Artisanal mining of gold ores and processing using mercury is common worldwide.
Extent of knowledge sharing: Related to the above problem is the question of how much knowledge is available
to the system during its query optimization process. In particular, the ﬁrst step in choosing a query evaluation strategy
is likely to be identifying which nodes have materialized views that can speed query processing. A simple technique
would be to use a centralized catalog of all available views and their locations, analogous to the central directory used
by Napster. Yet this model introduces a single point of failure and a potential scalability bottleneck.
Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) was given an international consensus def-
inition at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD)
in 1994. At its core is the promotion of healthy, voluntary and safe sexual and
reproductive choices for individuals and couples, including decisions on family
size and timing of marriage, that are fundamental to human well-being. Sexual-
ity and reproduction are vital aspects of personal identity and key to creating
fulfilling personal and social relationships within diverse cultural contexts.
An important feature in many countries is the role of securitization in the lending and housing
prices boom and burst. At the macroeconomic level, the dynamics of the relationship between
lending, housing prices and securitization have been largely unexplored although a rising
interest has recently emerged with the financial crisis.
This is very convenient and the ready access to the Internet in all first-world
countries, coupled with the cost savings from closing bank branches, is driving
the deployment and adoption of these services. Purely online transactions, however,
lead to increased risk. None of the normal safeguards of real-world transactions
are present. Conversely, risk to the criminals is a lot lower (the attacker can
be in a completely separate jurisdiction from all the other parties in the transaction)
and the retailer sees nothing but a faceless, nameless connection providing
Have students think about where they are likely to see litter in the
community. Have them think of ways they could educate other students about the
problems associated with litter.
Divide students into groups of three or four. Have the groups create an
environmental awareness poster to be displayed inside the school. If possible,
allow the students to decide where the poster should be hung, so that it is likely to
be seen by the most students.
Next, give each group a map of the school and the...
Some observations need to be made regarding the FSA findings. The average price of homes in the U.K.
from £ 137,273 in Q2 2002 to £179,170 in Q2 2012 reflects a nominal price development. If one corrects
these prices on basis of U.K inflation levels over this period, than the conclusion is that over this decade
nothing extraordinary has happened: house prices have just kept up with U.K. inflation levels and nothing
more than that. Of course the period of 2002-2007 showed rapid value changes, but the correction has taken
place over the period 2007-2012. A study based on...
Much social science research on child development has focused on the role
played by social class and socioeconomic factors like childhood poverty and
family income, low parent education, and the more limited opportunities and
negative influences faced by minority children. And indeed, the survey data show
that the developmental problems listed above are more common among children
from low-income families, families where parents have less than a high school
education, and Black and Hispanic families.
Health care providers are well placed to detect, treat, and prevent
environmentally-related diseases and health conditions. Few mechanisms
and structures are in place to enhance the recognition of environmental
influences on human health, serve as repositories and sources of information
for those concerned about children’s health and the environment, and
promote action towards healthier and safer environments for children of
today and adults of the future.
This guidance is intended for use by health professionals providing contraception in any
setting within the UK. Recommendations are based on available evidence and consensus
opinion of experts. They should be used to guide clinical practice but they are not intended
to serve alone as a standard of medical care or to replace clinical judgement in the
management of individual cases. A key to the Grading of Recommendations, based on levels
of evidence, is provided on the inside front cover of this document.