Light and lighting have become a much-discussed topic, not least because the growing consciousness for architectonic quality has also placed increased requirements on the need for appropriate architectural lighting. The Handbook of Lighting Design gives a summary of the fundamental principles and practice of architectural lighting. It functions both as a textbook for architecture students and as reference material for the working designer.
We normally think of the eye as an organ for vision, but due to the discovery of
additional nerve connections from recently-detected novel photoreceptor cells in
the eye to the brain, it is now understood how light also mediates and controls a
large number of biochemical processes in the human body. The most important
findings are related to the control of the biological clock and to the regulation of
some important hormones through regular light-dark rhythms. This in turn means
that lighting has a large influence on health, well-being and alertness.
Light sources should be as small as possible, produce light efficiently and have a long life. The demands of architects, light planners and operators of lighting installations have formed the basis of the research and development work of the lighting industry. Today more light sources with these properties are on the market than ever before in the history of artificial light. Until now, however, no filament or discharge lamp has combined all three properties. Only light emitting diodes (LEDs), also called light diodes, achieve this.
"Lighting Modern Buildings" documents the part played by the independent lighting designer, leading to a greater understanding by architects and lighting engineers of the importance of lighting in architectural design.
When my wife and I moved into our house, one of our first major projects was to update
the bathroom. The horribly gaudy floral wallpaper pattern, in combination with the gold
sink fixtures, obnoxious mirrors, and tacky lighting, made us feel like we’d stepped into
a previous decade every time we entered the master bathroom. Removing wallpaper is
a tough job, but it’s even more difficult when there are multiple layers of the stuff. This
was the case with our bathroom.
The inspiration for Building Systems for Interior Designers
came when I tried to teach interior design students
about all the ways buildings support our activities and
physical needs—without an adequate textbook. I needed
an approach that supported the special concerns of the
interior designer, while connecting those issues to the
work of the rest of the building design team.
This report describes work that I did on embedded control data communication using the domestic powerline circuitry as channel medium. A home automation system was implemented.
In the modern home filled with electronic apparatus and appliances, it is useful for the owner to exercise some form of centralised control over the functions in the house. Currently, when the owner needs to turn on the driveway and living room lights before arming the alarm and going to bed, he has to walk to the garage, then to the front door, then to the alarm box, then to bed....
Critical aspects for the wider application of ultraviolet (UV) light in drinking water
treatment sometimes have been described, in spite of the success of the method as
established in the field:
• Absence of well-established and generally accepted design rules
• Absence of a permanently active residual agent in the treated water
• Suspicions of the possible photochemical formation of by-products
• Possibility of revival–reactivation by repair mechanisms of irradiated
• Need for operational control of the permanent reliability of the technique...
When Val and I decided to collaborate and write the first edition, our
goal was to produce an easy-to-read, easy-to-understand, practical text-
book stressing hydraulic design, that could be of hands-on use to the
pump designer, student, and rotating equipment engineer. Although feed-
back from readers indicates that we achieved our desired goal, we did
recognize that we had omitted several important topics.
Ethan Marcotte wrote an introductory article about the approach,
“Responsive Web Design,” for A List Apart. It stems from the notion of
responsive architectural design, whereby a room or space automatically
adjusts to the number and flow of people within it:
“Recently, an emergent discipline called “responsive architecture” has
begun asking how physical spaces can respond to the presence of
people passing through them.
Beginning Blender covers the Blender 2.5 release in-depth. The book starts with the creation of simple figures using basic modeling and sculpting. It then teaches you how to bridge from modeling to animation, and from scene setup to texture creation and rendering, lighting, rigging, and ultimately, full animation. You will create and mix your own movie scenes, and you will even learn the basics of games logic and how to deal with games physics.
This book describes the state-of-the-art advancement in the field of organic electroluminescence contributed by many researchers with internationally established expertise in the field. It includes original contributions on the synthesis of suitable organic materials, fabrication of organic light emitting devices (OLEDs) and organic white light emitting devices (WOLEDs), characterization of these devices and some designs for optimal performance.
The energy crisis of the mid 1970’s gave birth to a
movement to conserve energy. Over the ensuing years
much has been done to reduce the energy consumption
of new and existing buildings. Lighting efficiency has
improved so much that today we use ½ the wattage
without sacrificing lumens. Improved construction
methods, better insulation and high efficiency windows
have also helped reduce energy consumption.
However, all of these measures have resulted in a
reduction of Sensible heat gains while Latent heat gains
Booklet 1 of the licht.de series of publications
is intended for all those who want to
delve into the topic of light and lighting or
wish to familiarize themselves with the basics
of lighting technology. It also forms the
introduction to a series of publications designed
to provide useful information on
lighting applications for all those involved in
planning or decision-making in the field of
One of the principal objectives of all licht.de
publications is to promote awareness of a
medium which we generally take for granted
and use without a second thought.
Organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) are playing a major role in information technology
(IT) by providing the promise of further expanding the use of digital displays
through making display fabrication technology lower in cost and higher in performance
to replace liquid crystal displays (LCD). Due to various attractive features such
as high contrast, high brightness, large color gamut and thin structure, various sized
OLED displays from small-sized mobile phone display to large-sized TV display have
already begun to be mass-produced....
panel manufacturing facility caters for panels ranging from Form 1 to Form 4 including panels for use in hazardous areas. The panels are built from approved electrical panel design drawings, which detail all components in a parts list, cable schedules and sizes, terminal numbers, etc. All the drawings are produced using AutoCAD and are capable of being emailed in PDF or original format. A dimensional drawing of the internal and external panel enclosure with any display or identiﬁcation labels, lights, etc., will be fully detailed....
One of the most important things in life is having a place where we really feel at home. It makes no difference whether it we own it or rent it or whether it is an apartment or a house: what matters is the sense of security and wellbeing we feel within its walls. The right lighting concept plays a crucial role here. Science defines light as the band of electromagnetic radiation that is perceptible by the human eye. The designer sees it as a tool offering innumerable possibilities for crafting living space to suit personal needs and preferences....
A primary purpose in creating this 3rd Edition is the addition of a stair design
component. Over many years as a design studio teacher and critic, I have
been regularly reminded of the significant difficulty that many students have
in learning to design and draw stairs correctly. From a design perspective,
stairs are among the more complex elements within buildings, particularly
when there are multiple levels to be accommodated and/or complex building
configurations to be considered.
The book "Introduction to Architectural science the basis of sustainable design" consists of four parts: 1 Heat (the thermal environ-ment), 2 Light (the luminous environment); 3 Sound (the sonic environment), and 4 Energy and resources.
Much has changed in the 3 years since the first edition of this book.
The physics of heat, light, sound and energy is still the same, so there is
little change in the first three parts. Apart from the correction of a few errors,
a few new developments are mentioned, some new methods are included
and statistics updated.
Part 4 has many new elements that reflect societal changes, especially
changes in public attitudes. Three years ago there were many who denied
global warming or who regarded renewable energy technologies as ‘ kids ’
stuff ’. Today only a few of these survive.