The utility of primer pairs in SCoTs was advocated by Gorji et al. (2011). SCoT
markers are generally reproducible, and it is suggested that primer length and annealing
temperature are not the sole factors determining reproducibility (Gorji et al., 2011). They are
dominant markers, however, while a number of co-dominant markers are also generated
during amplification, and thus they could be used for genetic diversity analysis (Collard &
Mackill, 2009b). This has been validated through study of genetic diversity among rice
varieties (Collard & Mackill, 2009b).
Although farmers do not receive any support from society for the contribution of the dehesa
to welfare of society and the environment, they still conserve, prune and reforest oaks to
maintain fruit production to feed and fatten Iberian pigs during the montanera or pannage.
The ability of the Iberian pig breed to feed on acorns is a key feature in maintaining the
Over the next 10 years, federal spending on crop insurance is projected to outpace spending on
traditional commodity programs by about one-third, which might capture the attention of budget
cutters looking for potential sources of savings. Insurance companies, farm groups, and some
members of Congress are concerned that additional reductions in federal support will negatively
impact the financial health of the crop insurance industry and possibly jeopardize the delivery of
People use social media for a number of reasons: communicating, collaborating, seeking expert advice,
sharing multimedia, presenting opinions, sharing reviews and for entertainment.
Many claim that social media brings a new sense of community by allowing people to connect with others
who are similar to themselves. While this might involve reconnecting with long lost friends from childhood
or former coworkers, it is also used to meet new friends who have similar interests.
An increasing number of people are using social media in their buying decisions.
In later eras, new materials have been closely associated with radical change. The development of
paper was as important as the printing press in revolutionising communications. The introduction
of gunpowder into Europe transformed warfare. In more modern times, gas lighting only became
demonstrably superior to oil and candles with the introduction of the gas mantle, composed of
novel materials such as thorium and cerium oxides. A hundred years ago electric filament lamps
were made possible by other novel and fairly unusual materials, osmium and tungsten.
It was during the Depression that hospitals band-
ed together to offer prepaid coverage to citizens.
Prepaid hospital coverage was a way for hospitals to
avoid the financial failure that befell the banking
industry. The approach worked so well that doctors
followed suit a few years later and Blue Cross Blue
Shield organizations were born. Little did anyone
know that the seeds for runaway costs eighty years
later had been planted.
Prepaid, employer-provided insurance quickly
dominated the health care landscape.
Possibilities can be explained from several semantic aspects. One way to
explain possibility is ease of achievement. Another way is plausibility; that is,
the propensity of an event to occur, which relates to the concept of “potential
surprise”. A third way to explain possibility is logical consistency with
available information. Finally, possibility can be explained as preference,
referring to the willingness of an agent to make a decision. Possibility is
dually related to necessity in the sense that “not A” being not possible means
that A is necessary.
Public authorities are major consumers in Europe,
spending some 16 % of the EU’s gross domestic
product (which is a sum equivalent to half the
GDP of Germany). By using their purchasing
power to opt for goods and services that also
respect the environment, they can make an
important contribution towards sustainable
Extraction activities disturb the land surface through
clearing of vegetation, removal of topsoil, excavation
of ore and overburden and the construction of over-
burden dumps or solar evaporation ponds.
Removal and stockpiling of topsoil for subsequent
rehabilitation is carried out at many mining opera-
tions. In a number of cases, topsoil is removed and
placed directly on landscaped reclaimed areas. This
avoids the cost of re-transporting topsoil from stock-
piles and the possible reduction of biodiversity.
In particular, note that there are two potential sources of timing-related fund returns
that are correlated with public information. The ﬁrst, predictable fund risk-loadings, may
be due to changing stock-level risk loadings, to ﬂows into the funds, or to manager timing
of the benchmarks. The second exploits predictability in the benchmark returns
themselves. Such predictability is captured through the time-series regression in Eq. (2).
Because both of these timing components are assumed to be easily replicated by an
investor, we do not consider them to be based on manager ‘‘skill.
Article 27 of the Federal Constitution serves as the foundation for property rights in Mexico. Under
Article 27, only Mexicans by birth or naturalization and Mexican corporations have the inherent right
to acquire ownership of land. Even so, the state has the authority to grant foreigners the same right
given to its citizens to acquire real property, but only if foreign purchasers agree not to invoke the
protection of their governments in matters relating to real property.
From a banking group’s perspective, a range of factors play a role in the choice of
branching versus subsidiarization, including banks’ business focus and differences in
regulatory and tax regimes across jurisdictions. Banks with significant wholesale operations
tend to prefer a more centralized branch model that provides the flexibility to manage
liquidity and credit risks globally and serve the needs of large clients.
This study examines typical bonus contracts, providing a more complete
analysis of their accounting incentive effects than earlier studies. The theory is
tested using actual parameters and definitions of bonus contracts for a sample
of 94 companies. Two classes of tests are presented: accrual tests and tests of
changes in accounting procedures. I define accruals as the difference between...
Mangalore coast is a stretch of about 22 Kms at the western part of the Western Ghats of the Indian peninsula. This
area is receiving huge quantity of pollution load from the major industries and factories located nearby. This pollution
load is discharged into the sea either directly or through the major west flowing rivers of the region, Nethravathi and
Gurupura. The pollution load includes runoff of the sediment, waste from oil refineries, nutrients and pesticides, iron
ore residues from the nearby iron are company and chemicals from the chemical factory from the point source.
Unlike other emerging markets, such as China, the Indian passenger car market and industry
has followed a pronounced small car path. The latest expression of this development is the
introduction of the low cost car Nano by TATA. While India’s small car path initially only
involved the production and sale of foreign designed small cars in the domestic market, India
is developing towards a global production and R&D hub for small cars. It is this development
this paper seeks to understand.
Gas supplies and suction
To check the correct function of the oxygen failure alarm involves
disconnecting the oxygen pipeline on some machines, whilst on machines
with a gas supply master switch, the alarm may be operated by turning the
master switch off. As repeated disconnection of gas hoses may lead to
premature failure of the Schrader socket and probe, these guidelines
recommend that the regular pre-session check of equipment includes a ‘tug
test’ to conﬁrmcorrect insertion of each pipeline into the appropriate socket....
The ﬁrst graph, which shows penetration in 1950, reveals
a clear distinction between counties that had a station in their
DMA and those that did not. The average penetration in DMAs
whose ﬁrst station began broadcasting before 1950 ranges from
8% in the 1949 group to over 35% in the 1941 group, whereas the
average for groups getting television after 1950 never exceeds 1%.
The second graph shows that, by 1960, differences in penetration
across these DMAs had largely disappeared.
Permanent grass cover crop is a technique used in the
vineyards of Villa Bel-Air. As a result, the grass absorbs
the water and the nutrients from the top layer of the soil,
and forces the vine roots to go deeper and deeper to find
Throughout the year, de-budding, leaf-thinning and
crop thinning are performed by the technical team. All
of these manual operations ensure the perfect health
and maturity of each bunch. The harvested grapes are
then transferred onto a modern sorting table to remove
all remaining vegetal matter.
Corn gluten meal is a natural pre-emergent fertilizer (9.5-0.5-0.5) that reduces the germination
and establishment of troublesome annual weeds. It is available as a powder or in granular form. It is 60 percent
protein and approximately 10 percent nitrogen by weight. It is a by-product of the wet milling process and commonly
used in pet and livestock feed. It can be used in vegetable gardens as a fertilizer and can help with weed control,
but be careful. It can damage the germination of your food crops. Use it only after your vegetable seeds are up and
young plant roots are...
From a broader structural perspective, the Commission notes that the past two decades have
seen the consolidation of large firms into even larger firms. After the demise of Arthur
Andersen there are now a handful of such large, global firms, with an even lower number of
firms being able to perform audits of large, complex institutions.