Liquid refrigerant

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  • What is a heat pump? A heat pump is a mechanical device used for heating and cooling which operates on the principle that heat can be pumped from a cooler temperature to a warmer temperature (cold to hot). Heat pumps can draw heat from a number of sources, eg, air, water, or earth, and are most often either air-source or water-source. Although heat pumps have been around for more than a 100 years, the technology has dramatically increased. Not only do heat pumps still operate the common refrigerator, but today, heat pump technology allows us to heat and cool residential...

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  • New material in this edition includes the latest developments in refrigerants and lubricants, together with updated information on compressors, heat exchangers, liquid chillers, electronic expansion valves, controls and cold storage. Topics also covered include efficiency, environmental impact, split systems, retail refrigeration (supermarket systems and cold rooms), industrial systems, fans, air infiltration and noise. This book is divided into 2 parts, part 1 includes the following contents: Fundamentals, the refrigeration cycle, refrigerants, compressors,...

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  • A further check on the refrigerant charge is described on pages 33 8. When vapour charging a system with an azeotropic refrigerant such as R502 the refrigerant cylinder must always be kept in a vertical position to prevent the possibility of liquid refrigerant from entering the compressor. This can create a dynamic pressure when the compressor starts, causing damage to valves or may even break piston connecting rods and damage pistons. The liquid refrigerant will also flush lubricating oil from bearing surfaces.

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  • Compressor valves can become distorted and fractured if liquid refrigerant is allowed to enter the cylinder; this is known as liquid slugging. For this reason service cylinders should never be inverted during the low side charging of a system. Valve seats and reeds can become pitted if metal filings or small particles of grit are allowed to enter pipework during installation or repairs. They may circulate with the refrigerant and become trapped between the reeds and valve seats when compression takes place.

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  • Source: HANDBOOK OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CALCULATIONS SECTION 12 REFRIGERATION Refrigeration Required to Cool an Occupied Building 12.1 Determining the Displacement of a Reciprocating Refrigeration Compressor 12.4 Heat-Recovery Water-Heating from Refrigeration Units 12.6 Computing Refrigerating Capacity Needed for Air-Conditioning Loads 12.12 Analysis of a Compound CompressionRefrigeration Plant with a WaterCooled Intercooler and Liquid Flash Cooler 12.47 Computation of Key Variables in a Compression Refrigeration Cycle with Both Water- and Flash-Intercooling 12.

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  • air-water jet moist air is cooled below its dew point by refrigerated water so that although the air leaves close to saturation with water, it has less moisture per unit volume than when it entered. 2. Apparatus to wash particulates and soluble impurities from air by passing the airstream through a liquid bath or spray. { er wash ər } air-water jet [ENG] A jet of mixed air and water which leaves a nozzle at high velocity; used in cleaning the surfaces of concrete or rock. { ¦er ¦wod ər jet } ˙ air-water storage tank [ENG] A water storage tank...

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  • Peng et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:219 NANO IDEA Open Access Migration of carbon nanotubes from liquid phase to vapor phase in the refrigerant-based nanofluid pool boiling Hao Peng1,2, Guoliang Ding1*, Haitao Hu1 Abstract The migration characteristics of carbon nanotubes from liquid phase to vapor phase in the refrigerant-based nanofluid pool boiling were investigated experimentally. Four types of carbon nanotubes with the outside diameters from 15 to 80 nm and the lengths from 1.5 to 10 μm were used in the experiments.

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  • A slight loss of refrigerant is recognized by ‘bubbles’ in the liquid-indicating sight glass installed in the liquid line of a system, a loss of performance, partial frosting of the evaporator and lower than normal operating pressures. Refrigerant may be added in vapour form to the low side of the system if the refrigerant is azeotropic such as R502. This means that it reacts as a single substance refrigerant. The zeotropic refrigerant blends do not react in a similar manner and they should be added to a system in liquid form. ...

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