As rates of deforestation and land degradation, and losses of biodiversity and
ecosystem services, continue to rise globally, the international community is faced
with the challenge of finding land use interventions that can mitigate or reduce the
impact of these environmental issues. Agroforestry, the integration of trees in farming
systems, has the potential for providing rural livelihoods and habitats for species
outside formally protected lands, connecting nature reserves, and alleviating resourceuse
pressure on conservation areas.
The nutritional knowledge and practical skills of small scale farm holders must be improved in
order to ensure that PNG can take advantage of the benefits of aquaculture. An increase in this
knowledge base will also directly benefit other agricultural industries reliant on the feeding of
stock such as the rapidly expanding poultry industry. These needs have been addressed in a three
day Feed Manufacturing Workshop funded by the Australian Centre for International
Agricultural Research (ACIAR).
This paper highlights the issues occurring in the promotion of Cinnamon tree product marketing in Palpa district of Nepal. Cinnamon production and collection systems are reviewed. Case studies indicate how poor people maintain their livelihood by marketing cinnamon bark and leaf in the study area.
Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved in farming. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of issues that affect agriculture’s role as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.
The concept of Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) has evolved in recent years in the context
of a rapidly changing and globalizing food economy and as a result of the concerns and
commitments of a wide range of stakeholders regarding food production and security, food
safety and quality, and the environmental sustainability of agriculture.
Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved
in agriculture. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic
growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s
Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of
issues that affect the role of agriculture, including livestock, fisheries, and forestry,
as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.
Research Reports IWMI’s mission is to improve the management of land and water resources for food, livelihoods and environment. In serving this mission, IWMI concentrates on the integration of policies, technologies and management systems to achieve workable solutions to real problems—practical, relevant results in the field of irrigation and water and land resources.
This study looks at whether Vietnam could adopt the Payment for Environmental Services (PES) approach as part of its national conservation strategy. Using a pilot study in the country’s uplands, it investigates how such a scheme might run and assesses its impact on the environment and on the local people’s livelihoods. Through a review of current Vietnamese conservation practice, it assesses the barriers to the adoption of such schemes and the factors that might encourage their implementation....
The title should say it all. This is not a law book though lawyers should find it useful. Much
less is it a students’ book though it does no harm for students to see how the law works in
practice. The purpose of this book is to guide businessmen and women through the maze of IP
law so that they avoid mistakes that have threatened the livelihoods and, occasionally, ruined
the lives of many of their number.
Two Cochrane reviews were identified.56,57 One considered the effectiveness of metformin
monotherapy compared with placebo or any active combination.56 The other review included
studies of metformin alone or in combination with other treatments compared with placebo or
a range of other treatments, with the aim of reporting deaths due to lactic acidosis and non-fatal
cases of lactic acidosis.57 Similarly, an RCT was identified which compared serious adverse
events (AEs) and plasma lactate levels between metformin and non-metformin treated groups....
This study explains the dynamics of shifting cultivation and agro-forestry practices among farmers of the Tay et hnic group (one of the largest in the region)in Tat hamlet and recommends measures to replace shiftin cultivation by agro-forestry as the livelihood base. The analysis is mainly quantitative.
The Rio Earth Summit of 1992 introduced several new approaches to environmental management under the general heading of sustainable devlopment. One of these approaches has forced conservationists to concede that it is no longer feasible or ethical to exlude resident communities from prtected areas, as had been the practice for more than a century. The alternative approach highlighting considerations of social justice and economic empowerment, is to recognise that humans are also part of the local ecology, and to find sustainable ways to maintain local livelihoods along with biodiversity....
Ongoing conflict, displacement, breakdown in social and public services coupled with recurrent
droughts and flooding have significantly affected food security and livelihoods and therefore
nutritional status. However, there is a growing body of evidence that other underlying causes
also contribute significantly to high and persistent undernutrition.