Xem 1-20 trên 129 kết quả Loan interest
  • When I first started out in the record business, and was struggling to get by, my Aunt Joyce was kind enough to give me a small loan. In my case, as maybe in yours, my aunt had heard through the family grapevine that I needed a loan, and when I came knocking on her front door, she was prepared with her offer. I was incredibly grateful, took it very seriously, and paid her back—with generous interest—as soon as I was able. That loan kept the Virgin Records recording studio afloat. It gave me the time and resources I needed to make my business a success. And many years and...

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  • A final way banks raise funds in the money market is through repurchase agreements (RPs). An RP is a sale of securities with a simultaneous agreement by the seller to repurchase them at a later date. (For the lender—that is, the buyer of the securities in such a transaction—the agreement is often called a reverse RP.) In effect this agreement (when properly executed) is a short-term collateralized loan. Most RPs involve U.S. government securities or securities issued by government-sponsored enterprises. Banks are active participants on the borrowing side of the RP market. ...

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  • We start by discussing the role of explicit deposit insurance in the financial safety net as well as the peculiar features of different deposit insurance schemes across countries. We review both the theoretical literature and the empirical evidence on the topic. We then move to investigate how deposit insurance is likely to affect interest rates in the banking sector. We collect data on different economic and financial variables, as well as institutional indicators, for a set of 80 countries.

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  • The need for a money market arises because receipts of economic units do not coincide with their expenditures. These units can hold money balances—that is, transactions balances in the form of currency, demand deposits, or NOW accounts—to insure that planned expenditures can be maintained independently of cash receipts. Holding these balances, however, involves a cost in the form of foregone interest. To minimize this cost, economic units usually seek to hold the minimum money balances required for day-to- day transactions.

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  • Demand depends on two factors demand transaction from dn and households, the interest rate impact on demand. and the demand for assets. money supply based on: + annual growth rate of kt + the cost of goods index (inflation) + budget deficit + deficit of the balance of international payment + credit channel (discount) budget + channels (government loans and loan) + central bank released the money to buy foreign currency reserves.

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  • This book is intended as a practical guide to the interpretation of reports and accounts. In it frequent reference is made to the legal, accounting and UK Listing Authority’s requirements that accounts have to meet, but this is done in the context of what interesting information to look out for, rather than to show how a set of accounts should be prepared.

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  • You’ve found your dream house. The neighborhood is perfect. The schools are great. The kitchen has everything you want. You’ve negotiated a good price. You’ve signed reams of paperwork. And you open an escrow account. Then your mortgage broker calls. Remember the great interest rate she quoted you last week? You don’t qualify for it. She says there are some problems with your FICO score. Your interest rate is going to be higher by almost four percentage points.

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  • It is difficult to discern exposures from institutions’ reported credit market posi- tions. Indeed, common data sources such as annual reports and regulatory filings record accounting measures on a large and diverse number of credit market instruments. Ac- counting measures are not necessarily comparable across positions. For example, the economic value of two loans with the same book value but different maturities will react quite differently to changes in interest rates. At the same time, many instruments are close substitutes and thus entail essentially the same market risk.

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  • Private investors may need to isolate their cash flows to debt , usually only a single mortgage, from the cash flows to equity, usually their savings. Private investors may need this information to record any shortfall between rent received and loan interest, for personal income tax measurement.

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  • Sectoral differences in core business activities and risk exposures are well reflected in the balance sheets typical of firms within each sector. In order to illustrate such differences, stylised balance sheets for institutions from each sector are presented in Annex 2 of the report for explanatory purposes. These stylised balance sheets suggest the following broad patterns. The majority of a bank’s assets typically consist of loans and other credit exposures, while the majority of liabilities consist of deposits payable on demand and other short-term liabilities.

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  • This pattern has two main implications. First, if we take loan size as a proxy for the poverty of customers (smaller loans roughly imply poorer customers), microfinance banks appear to serve many customers who are substantially better-off than the customers of nongovernmental organizations. Second, banks will have an easier time earning profits (assuming that a large fraction of the cost of making loans is due to fixed costs).

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  • The LIBOR is the London Interbank Offered Rate, which is used as a reference rate in loan transactions between banks. The LIBOR floor, introduced in recent years to help enhance bank loan yields in extremely low interest rate environments, is around 1%–2% (note that until LIBOR reaches the “floor” level, bank loan returns do not increase with rising rates). The credit spread is the market-determined spread paid to the investor for taking on the credit risk (historically the normal range has been 3%–8%, depending on the riskiness of a loan).

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  • Together, the empirical facts established in this paper suggest that capital regulation and buffers may only be of second order importance in determining the capital structure of most banks. Hence, our paper sheds new light on the debate whether regulation or market forces determine banks’ capital structures. Barth et al. (2005), Berger et al. (2008) and Brewer et al. (2008) observe that the levels of bank capital are much higher than the regulatory minimum. This could be explained by banks holding capital buffers in excess of the regulatory minimum.

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  • The third result links this permanent component to monetary authorities behaviour. Recently, G¸rkaynak, Sack and Swanson (2003) show that the change in expectations of the long-run ináation rate by private agents depend on macroeconomic and monetary surprises. Moreover, the relationship between ináation, interest rates and monetary policy has been studied for a long time and, for example, since the seminal paper of Mankiw and Miron (1986), a signiÖcant number of papers have studied the relationship between monetary policy and the rational expectations theory....

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  • Even though the Committee is not currently proposing mandatory capital charges specifically for interest rate risk in the banking book, all banks must have enough capital to support the risks they incur, including those arising from interest rate risk. If supervisors determine that a bank has insufficient capital to support its interest rate risk, they must require either a reduction in the risk or an increase in the capital held to support it, or a combination of both.

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  • But while there are differences in profitability and target markets, there are not big differences in loan portfolio quality. The top row of Table 3 reports on the quality of loan portfolios for different kinds of institutions, and we show that all in fact do quite well. We focus on nongovernmental organizations, non-bank financial institutions, and banks. For each group, the range of experience is captured with data at the 25th percentile, median, and 75th percentile.

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  • This paper discusses the effects of bank competition on bank loan and deposit rate levels as well as on their responses to changes in market rates and, hence, on the monetary policy transmission mechanism. Given the prominent role of the banking sector in the euro area’s financial system, it is of significant importance for the ECB to monitor the degree of competitive behaviour in the euro area banking market. A more competitive banking market is expected to drive down bank loan rates, adding to the welfare of households and enterprises.

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  • This paper uses interest rate data that cover a longer period and that are based on more harmonised principles than those used by previous pass-through studies for the euro area. We find that stronger competition implies significantly lower interest rate spreads for most loan market products, as we expected.

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  • Furthermore, when lenders institute non-interest charges such as fees to compensate for interest rate ceilings, they effectively raise the cost of credit for all successful borrowers. Therefore, while a ceiling may reduce the explicit price of credit (interest rate), it may not result in lower overall costs of borrowing even for those able to obtain loans. Additionally, non-interest charges make it more complicated for customers to comprehend the total cost of borrowing and more difficult to make well-informed credit decisions.

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  • Our approach is motivated by the statistical finding that the market value of fixed income instruments exhibit a low-dimensional factor structure. Indeed, a large literature has documented that the prices of many types of bonds comove strongly, and that these common movements are summarized by a small number of factors. It follows that for any fixed income position, there is a portfolio in a few bonds that approximately replicates how the value of the position changes with innovations to the factors.

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