Recently, several solutions to the robot localisation problem have been proposed in the scientific
community. In this chapter we present a localisation of a visual guided quadruped
walking robot in a dynamic environment. We investigate the quality of robot localisation and
landmark detection, in which robots perform the RoboCup competition (Kitano et al., 1997).
The first part presents an algorithm to determine any entity of interest in a global reference
frame, where the robot needs to locate landmarks within its surroundings.
In consultation with many local organisations and groups the Environment Agency has produced Catchment Flood
Management Plans (CFMPs) covering the main 68 catchments in England. These documents set out the strategic
context for managing flood risk in a catchment, helping decision makers by identifying the policy options
being adopted to manage flood risks. They also help form the position we take in our work to manage assets,
watercourses, flood forecasting, and to help land use planning and development.
The acceleration of globalization and the growth of emerging economies present signifi
cant opportunities for business expansion. One of the quickest ways to achieve
effective international expansion is by leveraging the web, which allows for the technological
connectivity of global markets and opportunities to compete on a global basis.
To systematically engage and thrive in this networked global economy, professionals
and students need a new skill set – one that can help them develop, manage, assess, and
optimize efforts to successfully launch websites for tapping global markets.
Accurate determination of the mobile position constitutes the basis of many new applications. This book provides a detailed account of wireless systems for positioning, signal processing, radio localization techniques (Time Difference Of Arrival), performances evaluation, and localization applications. The first section is dedicated to Satellite systems for positioning like GPS, GNSS. The second section addresses the localization applications using the wireless sensor networks.
In 1992, the first United Nations Conference on Sustainable
Development, popularly known as the Rio Earth Summit, was convened
in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to address the state of the environment and
sustainable development. The Earth Summit yielded several important
agreements including “Agenda 21”, a plan of action adopted by over
178 governments to address human impacts on the environment at
local, national and global levels, and key treaties on climate change,
desertification and biodiversity.
Saigon river is also polluted by industrial and agricultural waste water from small-sized enterprises along the river which is to 65.000 cubic meters a day.
Residential waste water another pollution factor. Everyday, 74.800 cubic meters of waste water in dumped into the river from residential in localities, with over 90% of the waste coming from Hồ Chí Minh city.
Written by two of the foremost researchers in the ﬁeld, this book studies the local times of Markov processes by employing isomorphism theorems that relate them to certain associated Gaussian processes. It builds to this material through self-contained but harmonized “mini-courses” on the relevant ingredients, which assume only knowledge of measuretheoretic probability. The streamlined selection of topics creates an easy entrance for students and experts in related ﬁelds.
population grew at rates beyond Malthus’ imagination (see Figure 1), food production
expanded even faster, and the debate has shifted to concerns about the role of population
growth in the depletion of other natural resources, such as fossil fuels and minerals; in the
degradation of renewable resources, such as forests, fisheries and biodiversity; and in the
despoliation of local environment and the global climate.
Global Scaling Up Handwashing is a Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) project focused on learning
how to apply innovative promotional approaches to behavior change to generate widespread and
sustained improvements in handwashing with soap at scale among women of reproductive age
(ages 15-49) and primary school-aged children (ages 5-9). The project is being implemented by
local and national governments with technical support from WSP. For more information, please visit
(BQ) Part 2 book "Improvised medicine providing care in extreme environments" presents the following contents: Circulation/cardiovascular, dehydration/rehydration, medications pharmacy/envenomations, anesthesia—local and regional, sedation and general anesthesia, surgical interventions
Shrimp farming is an evolving sector of agriculture that creates important economic
opportunities in many rural communities plagued by under and unemployment. This
water farming practice relies on the wise and responsible use of coastal natural
resources and habitats. The long-term, local success of shrimp farming is also influenced
by global market forces, consumer preferences and international food safety standards.
Advances depend on accessibility of critical research, educational and laboratory services.
Judicious treatment of environmental questions and challenges requires an integrated, crossdisciplinary
approach. Whether working at a local, national, regional, or global scale, the knowledge
and expertise resident in a variety of subject areas comes to bear on all questions of
sustainable development. Soil scientists now collaborate with colleagues in many Þelds, and a
basic working knowledge
For much of history, few things have mattered more to humans than their
relations with soil. This is evidenced by a rich historical literature on aspects
of soil management and soil fertility, dating back to texts of ancient
civilizations of the Middle East, the Mediterranean, China, and India
(see McNeill and Winiwarter 2004).
In the early years of oil drilling and production, wells were primarily drilled on land to moder-
ate depths and with relatively minor horizontal offsets, and an empirical understanding of the
impact of geological forces and Earth material properties on required drilling practice was de-
veloped by region. Successful practices were defined by trial and (sometimes costly and
Bilateral Investment Treaty’s effects on FDI and the domestic business environment remain unexplored despite the proliferation of treaties over the past several years. This paper asks whether BITs stimulate FDI flows to host countries, and if the treaties have any impact on the environment for domestic private investment. We find a weak relationship between BITs and FDI. However, for risky countries, BITs attract greater amounts of FDI. We also find a weak relationship between BITs and the domestic investment environment.
Various methods for controlling mobile robot
systems have been developed which are generally classified into two categories: global planning and
local control. Many works, based on the complete
knowledge of the robot and the environment, use a
global planning method such as artificial potential
fields , connectivity graph, cell decomposition
, etc. These methods build some paths (set of
sub-goals) which are free of obstacles
Smart polymers are macromolecules capable of undergoing rapid, reversible
phase transitions from a hydrophilic to a hydrophobic microstructure. These
transitions are triggered by small shifts in the local environment, such as
slight variations in temperature, pH, ionic strength, or the concentration of
specific substances like sugars.
Smart polymers have an extensive range of applications, but this book
focuses solely on their roles within the fields of bioseparation and biomedicine.
Until recently, polymers were considered to be passive participants
within these fields.
The programming language Python links the database to the “front-end” (main interface) of the
Digital layouts and comps begin to set the visual tone and the aesthetics of an interface,
but when the end product is intended for web use, there is no substitute for transferring the
design into an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) and reproducing the design with
recreated in Aptana Studio, the IDE application used to design and build the GDHit interface.
The idea for this book began over ten years ago through conversations with Clive
Edwards, editor of an agroecosystems series of books. It was clear to both of us
that the human intersect with the environment is mediated by social forces that are
international, national, and local. But at that point there was little research to
demonstrate the nature of the relationships between human institutions and ecosystems.