Xem 1-20 trên 311 kết quả Local government
  • Since 1994, local government in South Africa has become more important than ever before. It has been described as the 'hands and feet' of government, and is expected to play a key role in development.

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  • Optimal fiscal federalismis the question of which activities should take place at which level of government. For example, welfare programs were historically financed at the federal and state level, while education is largely financed at the state and local level.

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  • Her publications during the last five years, include From a Tier to a Sphere: Local Government in the New South African Constitutional Order (co-edited with Maxine Reitzes, published by EISA and Heinemann Press, 2000); Rural Development Framework, for the Free State Provincial Government; and A Pathway to Sustainability: Local Agenda 21 in South Africa (co-edited with Penny Urquhart, for the Department of Environmental Affairs, 2001).

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  • At the peak of the stock market boom in the late 1990s, state and local public pension systems experienced an unprecedented growth in their asset value. As a result, pension benefits for public employees were increased in many states and at the same time government employers reduced their contribution to the pension systems. The stock market downturn between 2000 and 2002, however, brought this almost perfect combination to a halt.

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  • this book offers the first political theory of special-purpose jurisdictions, including 35,000 special districts and 13,500 school districts, which consti- tute the most common form of local government in the United States today. collectively, special-purpose governments have more civilian employees than the federal government and spend more than all city governments combined. the proliferation of special-purpose jurisdictions has fundamentally altered the nature of representation and taxation in local government.

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  • Few issues display more clearly the competition between China’s drive to become economically developed and to conserve biodiversity than hydropower development. This is the subject of China’s most recent environmental controversy. In August 2003, the National Development and Reform Commission, a powerful economics super-ministry, authorized construction of a 13-station dam along the Nu1 River (Nujiang) in Yunnan Province. After at least a decade of construction, the dam would become the world’s largest.

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  • It is the task of the HAS and the UNDESA to track and keep in focus changes in the atmosphere of world governance and public administration. The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs is a department of the United Nations, based in New York, with a particular role in improving governance world-wide; and the International Institute of Administrative Sciences, based in Brussels, is a long-established (1930-founded) and neutral scientific institute that studies modern governance and proper public administration.

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  • Chapter 18 - Federal, state, and local governments operating in the financial markets. In this chapter, students will be able to examine the many important roles played by the government’s Treasury Department; to identify how the government raises new funds and how it spends the funds raised; to understand how the activities of the Treasury Department impact the money and capital markets and the economy.

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  • A well-functioning public sector that delivers quality public services consistent with citizen preferences and that fosters private market-led growth while managing fiscal resources prudently is considered critical to the World Bank’s mission of poverty alleviation and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.

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  • Policy framework for post-disaster for the affected groups rather comprehensive. The Government shall provide special groups affected, and support measures support level, policies on rescue and restore production as well as policy advocacy relief. Policy in post-disaster recovery is a top-down approach, so that governments level of response time and quick to minimize loss of human life and property and special famine occurred the consequences of natural disasters. However, in the long run, policies production recovery appears to be less drastic....

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  • During the past two decades, two prominent influences—globalization and the information revolution—have brought about profound changes in the division of powers within nations as well as beyond nation-states. As a result, the world has gradually but steadily moved from closed-economy centralized governance to open-economy globalized and localized governance—sometimes called “glocalized” governance. International security concerns in recent years have somewhat dampened this change process.

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  • Imagine a world in which the laws and policies of every country allowed women to fully enjoy their reproductive rights. While this is still a distant goal, a confluence of factors has enabled women’s health and rights advocates to bring it into focus. The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women (FWCW) were groundbreaking for so many reasons, among them that governments agreed that everyone has reproductive rights, and that they are an inalienable part of established international human rights.

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  • Administrative law provides many of the safeguards which prevent government becoming an intolerable evil. It is the purpose of this book to provide an introduction to administrative law and its control of government power indicating, wherever possible, the nature of those powers, the purpose of governmental functions as well as the scope and effectiveness of legal control.

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  • n some specialized businesses, there may also be licenses required, either due to special laws that govern entry into certain trades, occupations or professions, which may require special education, or by local governments. Professions that require special licenses range from law and medicine to flying airplanes to selling liquor to radio broadcasting to selling investment securities to selling used cars to roofing. Local jurisdictions may also require special licenses and taxes just to operate a business without regard to the type of business involved.

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  • Government intervenes in a myriad of ways at the local level, and rarely are these interventions coordinated effectively. In the context of the economic recovery and public budget cuts, policy silos and fragmented short-term policy interventions have become luxuries that our economies can no longer afford

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  • “…The Audit Commission has lost its way. Rather than being a watchdog that champions taxpayers' interests, it has become the creature of the Whitehall state. We need to redress this balance.” Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government 13 August 2010 On 13 August, the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government announced our plans to disband the Audit Commission and re-focus audit on helping local people hold their councils and other local public bodies to account for local spending decisions. We want to drive power downwards to people.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'influence of government policies on industry development: the case of india’s automotive industry', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, hoá học - dầu khí phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • .The research described in this report was prepared for the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). The research was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute, a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the OSD, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Department of the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community under Contract DASW01-01-C-0004. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Davis, Lois M. Combating terrorism : how prepared are state and local response organizations? / Lois M.

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  • More local control of education decisionmaking is a core element of today's education governance reform efforts. This research explores the federal, state, and local mechanisms by which public education is supported in California and examines how those resources are used by local school districts.......

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  • Within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the Office for Domestic Preparedness (ODP) is charged with coordinating first-responder terrorism-preparedness efforts and working with state and local first responders to improve terrorism preparedness. To meet its charge, DHS needs to collect information on first responders and

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