Local labor markets

Xem 1-8 trên 8 kết quả Local labor markets
  • The objective of this chapter is to discuss recent developments in the literature that studies how the dynamics of earnings and wages affect consumption choices over the life cycle. Labor economists and macroeconomists are the main contributors to this area of research. A theme of interest for both labor economics and macroeconomics is to understand how much risk households face, to what extent risk affects basic household choices such as consumption, labor supply and human capital investments, and what types of risks matter in explaining behavior.

    pdf1134p baobinh1311 25-09-2012 24 6   Download

  • The financial sectors in South Asia Region (SAR) are dominated by commercial banks, which account for the vast majority of the financial system s assets. The domestic debt markets including the government bond and corporate bond markets are at an early stage of development and there are few institutional investors. In recent years, countries in SAR have attempted to develop local debt markets, although the pace of development remains uneven and slow due to many regulatory and institutional impediments....

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  • The creation of quick jobs, as opposed to training, often results in the creation of too many bricklayers, often of not very good caliber. So that when the fund goes, people are no more able to get a good job than before. Sometimes there is a contradiction between building quality projects and using local labor, because when asked, municipalities often want quality projects. And yet bilateral and multilateral agencies say they want local labor to be employed. Finally, there are some environmental issues.

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  • Incoming data on the labor market have remained disappointing. Private-sector employment has grown only sluggishly, the small decline in the unemployment rate is attributable more to reduced labor force participation than to job creation, and initial claims for unemployment insurance remain high. Firms are reluctant to add permanent employees, citing slow growth of sales and elevated economic and regulatory uncertainty.

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  • Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market value less advance payments on work in process. The cost of inventories comprises all costs of purchase, costs of conversion and other costs incurred bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. The costs of conversion of inventories include direct labor, fixed and variable production overheads, product development and process development costs, taking into account the stage of completion. The cost of inventories is determined using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. Provision is made for obsolescence.

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  • Rubber provides an interesting contrast. Large rubber plantations often opened areas by establishing processing facilities, markets, and roads via settlement programs where locals or migrants provide labor to establish the plantation and acquire land as outgrowers. In some cases, as in the FELDA program in Malaysia and the Indonesian transmigration program, these were state sponsored.

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  • Chapter 22 describe the extent of legal and illegal immigration into the United States; discuss why economists view economic immigration as a personal human capital investment; explain how immigration affects average wages, resource allocation, domestic output, and group income shares; relate how illegal immigration affects employment and wages in low-wage labor markets and impacts state and local budgets; demonstrate how economics can inform current immigration discussions and attempts to reform immigration laws.

    ppt18p tangtuy08 21-04-2016 5 1   Download

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