Xem 1-20 trên 33 kết quả Macro variables
  • Thanks to a long, successful marketing campaign by De Beers, diamonds became strongly associated with romantic love, first in the United States and then globally (see.Figure.5). In the 1940s the company launched a long-running and renowned campaign around the theme “A diamond is forever.” Over many decades, hundreds of millions of dollars were spent to market the notion that diamonds signify romance and love. That campaign benefited the entire diamond industry.

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  • research for this report was conducted from november 2008 to January 2009. it consisted of an extensive review of documents and websites from governmental and non-governmental sources; in-depth interviews based on semi-structured questionnaires; and two focus groups. one focus group comprised five health care workers, while the other was composed of four hiV-positive mothers, one of whom was pregnant at the time. a total of 23 people were interviewed in six cities across argentina: buenos aires, mar del plata, montegrande, rosario, tres arroyos, and tucumán.

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  • Although nothing can replace the need for you to acquire firsthand experience, if you begin your telemarketing efforts equipped with the right knowledge and strategies, your chances for success increase exponentially. Sure, telemarketing can be challenging and time-consuming, but, with practice, you’ll learn to enjoy acquiring the skills and experience you need to close sale after sale using the telephone!

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  • Excel programming has many contents: getting started with excel macros, using the visual basic editor, VBA programming basics, working with the excel object model, using variables and arrays, adding control statements,...

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  • The rst seven variables contain information about the general state of the economy and help to identify monetary policy and capital inows shocks. The model includes both short-term and long-term interest rates. In our sample of countries short-term interest rates are largely controlled by central banks. Using movements in nominal short rates to identify monetary policy shocks is standard in VARs that study monetary policy (see eg Christiano et al (1999)). Long-term interest rates, on the other hand, tend to be driven by nancial market outcomes.

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  • In the present paper we use a model to forecast default probabilities and estimate default correlations based on the threshold model described above. The default probability measures the probability of an obligor’s assets falling short of a threshold. In addition, asset correlations are modeled as a measure of co-movement of the asset values of two obligors. Default correlations can then be derived analytically.

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  • There are three sets of examples to discuss. They concern the way modern theories of economic growth view fertility and natural resources, the way population growth and economic stress in poor countries are studied by environmental and resource economists, and the way development economists accomodate environmental stress in their analysis of contemporary poverty. The examples are discussed in the next three sub-sections. If I grumble, there is cause.

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  • Conditions experienced early in life or in utero have been shown to have persistent and long- term effects on health, education, and socioeconomic outcomes (see seminal work by Stein et al. (1975) and more recent papers by Maccini and Yang (2009) and Maluccio et al. (2009)). Barker (1998) argues that health shocks suffered in utero can cause irreversible adaptations to the local food environment and that children cannot catch up even if they later have good nutrition and health care.

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  • The distinctive features of reproduction in squirrels are the lack of allometric influences on the duration of reproductive investment; the strong allometric influences on offspring mass; and a trade-off between number and size of young, suggesting an important developmental component to reproduction. Lengths of gestation and lactation do not vary with body size but neonatal and weaning mass do. Apparently, the major constraint on reproduction in squirrels is not resources per se (food, calories, minerals, or water) but rather the length of time such resources are available.

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  • Acetaldehyde, Acrylamide, Aflatoxin, Allyl isothiocyanate, Aniline, Benzaldehyde, Benzene, Benzo(a)pyrene, Benzofuran, Benzyl acetate, Caffeic acid, Catechol, Coumarin, 1,2,5,6-dibenz(a)anthracene, Estragole, Ethyl alcohol, Ethyl acrylate, Ethyl benzene, Ethyl carbamate, Furan and furan derivatives, Furfural, Heterocyclic amines, Hydrazines Hydrogen peroxide, Hydroquinone, d-limonene, 4-methylcatechol, Methyl eugenol, Psoralens, Quercetin glycosides, Safrole While this may seem frightening, the levels of these chemicals and pesticide residues found in food are too low to affect heal...

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  • In this example, we considered six-month forward rates. We can consider forward rates that rule for different periods, for example 1-year, or 3-month or two-week forward rates. In the limit, as the period of the loan considered tends to zero, we arrive at the instantaneous forward rate. Instantaneous forward rates are a stylised concept that corresponds to the notion of continuous compounding, and are commonly used measures in financial markets.

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  • When can’t find a readymade macro action that does the job you want, you can use Visual Basic code. Example: Modify a whole batch of records at once. Perform complex calculations. Interact with other programs on computer. Write even more complicated validation routines that lock out bad data.

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  • So far, economic fluctuations have been predicted almost exclusively through the aggregate infor- mation conveyed either by i) macro variables (labor market conditions, money, credit, lagged growth), ii) financial indicators (aggregate stock market returns and variances, slope of the yield curve, credit spreads) or iii) confidence (households or business) indicators.

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  • In science contexts, it is a problem that argument for aesthetic qualities of products is unclear since science is traditionally based on clear or explicit statements. Particularly, in integrated design processes with a systematic selection of solutions based on statements about quantity and quality, it is unfortunate that the statements about product aesthetics are unclear [1]. When the aesthetics is made the focus of design, many students have a hard time structuring the process.

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  • Prior to the Separation on October 27, 2004, we were a business division of Old DreamWorks Studios, the diversified entertainment company formed in October 1994 by Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen. As a division of Old DreamWorks Studios, we conducted our business primarily through Old DreamWorks Studios’ animation division. On October 28, 2004, our Class A common stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange in connection with our initial public offering.

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  • In this study they reported the number of patients who were adherent to the ADA diet recommendations and were able to achieve the recommended intakes of various types of fats. They found that levels of adherence to the recommendations was low with only 26.6% of patients consuming the recommended amount of saturated fatty acids (SFAs), 13.0% consuming the recommended ≥10% of dietary energy from polyunsaturated fats, and 38.5% consuming the recommended ≥60% of dietary energy from carbohydrates and monounsaturated fats. They also estimated that 46.

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  • Extended learning module M - Programming in Excel with VBA. Learning objectives of this chapter include: Explain the value of using VBA with Excel; define a macro; build a simple macro using a Sub procedure and a function procedure; describe an object; explain the difference between a comment, a variable, and a constant; list the various Visual Basic Application data types and operators.

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  • This book has two parts. The first part talks about general characteristics of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) as well as common steps that have to be taken during the accession process. Theoretical studies related to the WTO activities are also presented. Finally, Part I of this book discusses one of the most useful methods of examining economic consequences of being WTO member, namely Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Models. Part II continues analysis and shows application of CGE model to a specific case study.

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  • This is the second part of the book that examines process and possible economic consequences of accession to the WTO. This part considers economic impact of the WTO accession and takes specific country as a case study, namely Ukraine. Computable General Equilibrium model for Ukraine is built and several scenarios are modelled. The facts that Ukraine has sufficiently large economy and accession was finalised quite recently should make it interesting to a wide audience.

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  • In addition to emphasizing long-horizon expected returns, the approach taken here differs from previous treatments in that it uses ex ante estimates of expected returns, rather than ex post actual returns. Expected returns are estimated by incorporating corporate cash flow projections into an expanded version of the Campbell and Shiller (1988, 1989) dividend-price ratio model, in which the log of the price-earnings ratio is a linear function of required future returns, expected earnings growth rates, and expected dividend payout rates.

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