The main focus of this publication is the link between South Africa’s grand pan-African ambitions, especially in the area of peace, security and governance, and its own capacity to pursue these objectives. Specifically, the paper examines Pretoria’s involvement in Africa, and internal capacity to support its mediation, peacekeeping and strengthening the abilities of African institutions for peacemaking.
While the exam is not the main focus in the first part of the book, the work in Units 1-9 has direct relevance to specific CAE exam skills. Particular attention is given to raising students1 language awareness and training them in the kind of editing skills which are valuable for their written work and also, of course, relevant to Paper 3, English in Use.
The charge to the NRC’s Committee on Atlantic Salmon in Maine (Box S-1) included an interim report that focused on the genetic makeup of Maine Atlantic salmon populations; that report was published in January 2002. The charge for the final report included a broader look at factors that have caused Maine’s salmon populations to decline and the options for helping them to recover. This is the final report.
We explore how to improve machine translation systems by adding more translation data in situations where we already have substantial resources. The main challenge is how to buck the trend of diminishing returns that is commonly encountered. We present an active learning-style data solicitation algorithm to meet this challenge. We test it, gathering annotations via Amazon Mechanical Turk, and ﬁnd that we get an order of magnitude increase in performance rates of improvement.
Chapter 2 - Money management skills. In this chapter, you will learn to: Identify the main components of wise money management, create a personal balance sheet and cash flow statement, develop and implement a personal budget, connect money management activities with saving for personal financial goals.
This practical guide for network and system administrators
introduces SNMP along with the technical background to use it
effectively. But the main focus is on practical network
administration: how to configure SNMP agents and network
management stations, how to use SNMP to retrieve and modify
variables on network devices, how to configure management
software to react to traps sent by managed devices. Covers all
SNMP versions through SNMPv3.
This paper first discusses the key issues that inhibit Voice over IP (VOIP) to be popular with the users. Then I discuss the
protocols and standards that exist today and are required to make the VOIP products from different vendors to
interoperate. The main focus is on H.323 and SIP (Session Initiation Protocol), which are the signaling protocols. We also
discuss some hardware standards for internet telephony.
This book is comprised of a collection of reviews and research works from international professionals from various parts of the world. A practical approach to quality management provides the reader with the understanding of basic to total quality practices in organizations, reflecting a systematic coverage of topics. Its main focus is on quality management practices in organization and dealing with specific total quality practices to quality management systems.
Score gains in the Writing component of the Test have been the main focus of much of this research.
Green (2004) presents the findings of four studies, all of which involved candidates whose average
initial score was 5.0 and who were undertaking periods of English language instruction of not more
than three months. Average score gains in these four studies were less than half a band. In these
studies, the candidates who achieved a score of 5.0 or below on the first test tended to improve on the
second, while those achieving a score of 7.0 tended to receive a...
LESSON PLAN 12(CTC) UNIT 17: BOOKS LANGUAGE FOCUS AIMS: By the of the lesson, students will be able to learn modals with passive voice and review Rhythm eacher’s activities 5’ I.Warm-up:Questions A. Who wrote Kim Van Kieu? B. It was written by Nguyen Du. A:Who is the main character? B. Thuy Kieu A: Do you like it? B:Yes, I like reading it very much. _Ask Write questions on the board and call sts to answer _ Answer Sts’ activities
_ note : II.Ponunciation: Rhythm 5’ Task 1: Listen and practise reading the following sentences, pay attention to the stressed syllables...
Internal combustion engines (ICE) are the main sources of powering for almost all
road vehicles, yet many other machines too. Being under strength development for a
number of years, they have already reached a relatively high level of technical
excellence and now they also produce acceptable output parameters. Still, they are not
devoid of drawbacks. Harmful exhaust emissions can be pointed as the most
important here. This problem is the main focus of interest for automotive researchers
The main focus of this report is designed in three parts: literature review of Export and Impport LC and Overview of Eximbank - Hanoi Branch; the current situation of L/C payment at Eximbank - Hanoi Branch; development orientation and proposal and improve the international settlement sevices of Eximbank - Hanoi Branch.
The recent fuel cell (FC) development worldwide has always been accompanied by a number of studies and projects investigating the applications of FCs onboard ships. Almost all possible FC types and different fuels such as hydrogen, natural gas (liqueﬁed or pressurized), liqueﬁed pressurized gas (LPG), methanol, and maritime diesel have been considered. These applications of FCs are still mainly focused on onboard power generation (OPU) and propulsion.
This focuses mafnly on vocabulary: you choose the best answer in each case from four options to fill in 15 gaps in a short text See pages 195 and 221. This focuses mainly on grammar and here there 3^re no multiple choice answers to help you. You have to fill in 15 gaps in a short text with one word See pages 184 and 208.
ATM networks can feature two forms of priority mechanism: space and time. Both forms relate to how an ATM buffer operates, and these are illustrated in Figure 13.1. Space priority addresses whether or not a cell is admitted into the ﬁnite waiting area of the buffer. Time priority deals with the order in which cells leave the waiting area and enter the server for onward transmission. Thus the main focus for the space priority mechanism is to distinguish different levels of cell loss performance, whereas for time priority the focus is on the delay performance....
en the space limitations, the added material supplements, expands, and reinforces the ana-lytical methods that were, and continue to be, the main focus of this book. The analytical methods
are the foundation of electromagnetics and provide understanding and physical interpretation of
electromagnetic phenomena and interactions. Although numerical and computational methods
have, especially in the last four decades, played a key role in the solution of complex elec-tromagnetic problems, they are highly dependent on fundamental principles.
This report is the result of a joint activity of DG RTD and DG JRC-IPTS, which
was launched in July 2000. The aim was to identify potential priorities for
future research areas in European food technology and food safety. This
should provide targeted information for decision-makers in DG Research in
order to set the appropriate priorities for future research programmes. The
main focus was initially set on advanced technology developments in the food
sector and on socio-economic factors, which are expected to have an impact
on the food producing industry.
This chapter considers key establishment protocols and related cryptographic techniques
which provide shared secrets between two or more parties, typically for subsequent use
as symmetric keys for a variety of cryptographic purposes including encryption, message
authentication, and entity authentication. The main focus is two-party key establishment,
with the aid of a trusted third party in some cases.
Key reading and listening strategies are discussed and developed through a wide range of question-types. Students are familiarized with all the exercise-types for Paper 3, gradually increasing in level of difficulty. The main writing formats required for Paper 2 are introduced and practiced, and speaking skills are encouraged through frequent student-centred activities.