The kidneys are located at both sides of the lumbus, which is therefore described as "the
home of the kidney, its main functions are: to store congenital and acquired essence and
control human reproduction , dominate water metabolism in other words kidney regulates
the distribution of water and helps maintain fluid balance in the body and the reception of
Qi which means that the kidney assists the lung in its function of receiving and descending
This collection of essays demonstrates the international scope of history of nursing
scholarship today, encompassing studies from Japan, New Zealand, South
Africa, Canada and Europe. The authors examine the social and ethical issues
which challenge nurses and midwives in different cultures; the transcultural issues
which arise when carers move from one culture to another; and the process
of professionalization for women over three centuries. The book highlights the
significance of nursing in the history of womenʼs lives and work....
The authors, who all have wide experience in teaching and practising
adult nursing, collaborated to write this book, which evolved from a
clinical skills module. It became apparent that students loved learning
the introductory nursing skills, but there were few easily accessible
texts to support their learning. This book is therefore aimed at nursing
students embarking on their nursing education, although some of it
will also be suitable for care assistants who are involved in delivering
direct nursing care to patients.
Musculoskeletal diseases are the most common causes of disability in developed
countries throughout the world, and in the United Kingdom, a signifi -
cant rheumatic disease affects one in seven of the population. They also affect
people from all walks of life and of all age groups including babies and the
very elderly. Rheumatic diseases are so common that it is inevitable that every
nurse will at some time provide care for a rheumatic patient. It is therefore
essential that they have some knowledge of rheumatology nursing.
Table 73-8 Selected Metabolic Disturbances and Their Correction
Corrective Action with PN
water or decreased total body water sodium sodium
Occurs commonly with
or water to produce net
hypertonic fluid followed by positive fluid balance diuretic administration with maintaining sodium
free water clearance; can also and chloride balance occur with dehydration and normal total body sodium
Inadequate relative to need
(BQ) Part 2 book "Renal physiology - A clinical approach" presents the following contents: Maintaining the volume of body fluid-Sodium balance, concentrating the urine-Adapting to life on land, maintaining the serum concentration-water balance, maintaining the serum pH - Acid–Base balance,...
After completing this unit, you should be able to: Describe the normal characteristics of the cellular environment and the key homeostatic mechanisms that strive to maintain an optimal fluid and electrolyte balance; outline pathophysiological alterations in water and electrolyte balance and list their effects on body functions; describe the treatment of patients with particular fluid or electrolyte imbalances.