Xem 1-20 trên 133 kết quả Malnutrition
  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 72. Malnutrition and Nutritional Assessment Malnutrition and Nutritional Assessment: Introduction Malnutrition can arise from primary or secondary causes, with the former resulting from inadequate or poor-quality food intake and the latter from diseases that alter food intake or nutrient requirements, metabolism, or absorption. Primary malnutrition occurs mainly in developing countries and under conditions of war or famine.

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  • The designations employed and the presentation of material do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory or area, its authorities, its current or former official name or the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

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  • Marasmus The end stage of cachexia, marasmus is a state in which virtually all available body fat stores have been exhausted due to starvation. Conditions that produce marasmus in developed countries tend to be chronic and indolent, such as cancer, chronic pulmonary disease, and anorexia nervosa. Marasmus is easy to detect because of the patient's starved appearance. The diagnosis is based on severe fat and muscle wastage resulting from prolonged calorie deficiency.

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  • Malnutrition can arise from primary or secondary causes, with the former resulting from inadequate or poor-quality food intake and the latter from diseases that alter food intake or nutrient requirements, metabolism, or absorption. Primary malnutrition occurs mainly in developing countries and under conditions of war or famine.

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  • Nutritional History A nutritional history is directed toward identifying underlying mechanisms that put patients at risk for nutritional depletion or excess. These mechanisms include inadequate intake, impaired absorption, decreased utilization, increased losses, and increased requirements of nutrients. Individuals with the characteristics listed in Table 72-3 are at particular risk for nutritional deficiencies.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Methamphetamine use and malnutrition among street-involved youth

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  • Physiologic Characteristics of Hypometabolic and Hypermetabolic States The metabolic characteristics and nutritional needs of hypermetabolic patients who are stressed from injury, infection, or chronic inflammatory illness differ from those of hypometabolic patients who are unstressed but chronically starved. In both cases, nutritional support is important, but misjudgments in selecting the appropriate approach may have disastrous consequences.

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  • Protein Catabolism The rate of endogenous protein breakdown (catabolism) to supply energy needs normally falls during uncomplicated energy deprivation. After about 10 days of total starvation, the unstressed individual loses about 12–18 g/d protein (equivalent to approximately 2 oz of muscle tissue or 2–3 g of nitrogen).

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  • Anthropometrics Anthropometric measurements provide information on body muscle mass and fat reserves. The most practical and commonly used measurements are body weight, height, triceps skinfold (TSF), and mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC). Body weight is one of the most useful nutritional parameters to follow in patients who are acutely or chronically ill. Unintentional weight loss during illness often reflects loss of lean body mass (muscle and organ tissue), especially if it is rapid and not caused by diuresis.

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  • Assessment of Circulating (Visceral) Proteins The serum proteins most used to assess nutritional status include albumin, total iron-binding capacity (or transferrin), thyroxine-binding prealbumin (or transthyretin), and retinol-binding protein. Because they have differing synthesis rates and half-lives—the half-life of serum albumin is about 21 days whereas those of prealbumin and retinol-binding protein are about 2 days and 12 h, respectively—some of these proteins reflect changes in nutritional status more quickly than others.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Cost effectiveness of community-based therapeutic care for children with severe acute malnutrition in Zambia: decision tree model...

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Malnutrition and bilateral central retinal vein occlusion in a young woman: a case report

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Adaptation costs for climate change-related cases of diarrhoeal disease, malnutrition, and malaria in 2030 Kristie L Ebi

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Risk of malnutrition is associated with mental health symptoms in community living elderly men and women: The Tromsø Study

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  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Kidney development in renal pathology" presents the following contents: Kidney development - New insights on transmission electron microscopy; the human kidney at birth - Structure and function in transition; perinatal asphyxia and kidney development; malnutrition and renal function,...

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  • The ultimate sourcebook from America's leading alternative health expert. Yes, you can feel better, look better, and extend the best years of your life through proper nutrition and exercise. And there is no better guide to optimum health than this classic reference and sourcebook.

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  • This book is about what we consider the essentials of human nutrition. The science of human nutrition deals with all the effects on people of any component found in food. This starts with the physiological and biochemical processes involved in nourishment—how substances in food provide energy or are converted into body tissues, and the diseases that result from insufficiency or excess of essential nutrients (malnutrition). The role of food components in the development of chronic degenerative disease like coronary heart disease, cancers, dental caries, etc.

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  • Given the unusual circumstances of Cambodia and their likely impacts on the older population, considerable effort was made to develop a survey questionnaire that not only would cover the standard issues about elderly economic, social and physical well-being that are the focus of recent surveys of older age populations in the region but also issues specific for the situation in Cambodia.

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  • Best Practices in Postharvest Management of Leafy Vegetables in Greater Mekong Subregion Countries AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center Shanhua, Taiwan Best Practices in Postharvest Management of Leafy Vegetables in Greater Mekong Subregion Countries Proceedings of a GMS workshop 25-27 October 2007 Hanoi, Vietnam Antonio L. Acedo Jr.

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  • Globalization is perhaps only another name to replace the lacking one for what is happening to (with) us humans in the name of techno-bureaucratic, commercial, violent, amusing, consumerist process of creating a so-called global society of knowledge and skills. "Globalization offers both a theory of everything and an explanation of nothing" - suggests J. Annesley in Fictions of Globalization (2006). However, daily deaths of children as a result of hunger, disease and malnutrition on a massive scale in Africa, and elsewhere, is not fiction....

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