Getting sued for medical malpractice is one of the most traumatic events of a physician's career.
This text will guide doctors and physicians through the process from the moment they receive a summons until the after-trial appeal process.
ICJ research is supported by pooled grants from corporations, trade and professional associations, and individuals; by government grants and contracts; and by private foundations. The Institute disseminates its work widely to the legal, business, and research communities, and to the general public. In accordance with RAND policy, all Institute research products are subject to peer review before publication. ICJ pu
This book has been written for students undertaking legal studies at undergraduate level
and those pursuing similar courses which include constitutional and administrative law
as a core component (e.g. the Postgraduate Diploma in Law). It is based on over thirty
years’ experience of teaching the subject on A-level, undergraduate and postgraduate
courses. Particular attention has been paid to the views of students concerning the
strengths and weaknesses of pre-existing textbooks in this discipline....
β-Lactum antibiotics constitute an important class of antibacterial agents being used extensively for both humans and food-producing animals to treat or prevent infections. The drugs occasionally cause human deaths due to anaphylactic shock during medical treatments, especially when they are parenterally administered without their prior intracutaneous tests. These cases are usually handled as medical accidents (malpractice), and subjected to autopsies and analysis of the drugs used. These antibiotics are composed of cephems ( Table 10.1) and penicillins ( Table 10.
With this edition of Biomedical Ethics Reviews we commence
a somewhat new focus for the series. Building on its solid
tradition of exploring and debating pressing bioethical issues of
the day, this series will now also examine the real-life implications
of these issues for patients and the health care system in
which care is delivered. With each topic, attention will be focused
not only on the theoretical and policy aspects of ethical
dilemmas, but also on the clinical dimensions of these challenges,
and effects on the patient–physician relationship....
Acute Chest Discomfort
In patients with acute chest discomfort, the clinician must first assess the patient's respiratory and hemodynamic status. If either is compromised, initial management should focus on stabilizing the patient before the diagnostic evaluation is pursued. If, however, the patient does not require emergent interventions, then a focused history, physical examination, and laboratory evaluation should be performed to assess the patient's risk of life-threatening conditions.
The purpose of this document is to provide hospitals and the Joint
Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals Organization (JCAHO) a
guide prepared by medical physicists recommending tests and proce-
dures for medical lasers to maintain a high level of quality care in a safe
environment. The guidance for safe use of laser systems for diagnosis
and therapy is intended for use by all health care personnel associated
with laser systems’ operation (physicians, nurses, medical physicists),
maintenance (engineers), and service (biomedical technicians).
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) and ICF Macro. 2010. Kenya Demographic and Health
Survey 2008-09. Calverton, Maryland: KNBS and ICF Macro.
Percentage of breastfed babies receiving complementary foods at 6-9 months of age reduced
from 84.2% (2003) to 82.8% (2008/09). However, it is important to note that 32% of babies are
introduced to complementary feeds too early at the age of 2-3 months; this malpractice has
however improved over time from 81% (1993) to 32% (2008/09).
During the past year the Board was also active on the policy front, releasing a major report on ten
years of medical malpractice payments in Massachusetts, from 1994 to 2003. The Board also
directed its Patient Care Assessment unit to monitor and oversee the implementation of the
recommendations made in the Department of Public Health/Betsy Lehman Center report on
weight loss surgery.
Chapter 5 - Legal and ethical issues. In this chapter, you will be able to understand: Explain the difference between laws and ethics; identify the responsibilities of the patient and physician in a physician-patient contract, including the components for informed consent that must be understood by the patient; Ddescribe the four Ds of negligence required to prove malpractice and explain the four Cs of malpractice prevention;...
Chapter 3 - Legal and ethical issues in medical practice, including HIPAA. In this chapter you will learn: Define ethics, bioethics, and medical law; discuss the measures a medical practice must take to avoid malpractice claims; discuss medical documentation and how it applies to medical law;...
Chapter 3 - Legal and ethical issues in medical practice, including HIPAA. In this chapter you will learn: Define ethics, bioethics, and law; discuss the measures a medical practice must take to avoid malpractice claims; describe OSHA requirements for a medical office; describe procedures for handling an incident of exposure to hazardous materials;...
It is estimated that medical liability premiums in the United States have reached an
astounding $26 billion annually, representing a 2,000% increase since 1975.
percent per year, the growth rate in medical malpractice premiums since 1975 is four
times the rate of inflation and twice the rate of inflation in the cost of health care.
dollar verdicts are now the norm in jury trials: 52% of all awards exceed $1 million, while
the average award now weighs in at $4.7 million.
The Data Repository Committee review reports about physicians that are received from sources
mandated by statute to file such reports. Sources of these reports include malpractice payments,
hospital disciplinary reports, and reports filed by other health care providers. Although sometimes
similar in content to allegations filed by patients, Data Repository reports are subject to different
legal standards regarding confidentiality and disclosure than are patient complaints. The Data
Repository Committee refers cases to the Enforcement Unit for further investigation as needed.
The Board is the repository of medical malpractice payment data. It receives reports of medical
malpractice payments from the courts, medical malpractice insurance carriers and from physicians.
In November 2004 the Board issued a report analyzing medical malpractice payment data from
1994 through 2003. Among many significant findings, the report shows that the number of medical
malpractice payments in Massachusetts peaked in 2001 and has since declined by 17%. The size of
malpractice payments, however, continues to grow.
One of the key areas the Board wants to pursue in the coming years continues to be Clinical Skills
Assessment. This testing procedure would measure the clinical skills not only of new doctors, but
of physicians coming into the state from elsewhere, who have been away from practice for an
extended period or who may have had multiple medical malpractice payments or other problems. In
2004, the National Medical Board of Examiners began requiring all new physicians to pass a
clinical skills exam. But there are only five locations nationwide where such physicians may take