Xem 1-20 trên 24 kết quả Mandating results
  • Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Malawi: Results from the 2004 National Survey of Adolescents was written by Alister Munthali, the Cen- tre for Social Research, Zomba, Malawi; Eliya M. Zulu and Nyovani Madise, the African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya; Ann M. Moore, the Guttmacher Institute, New York, USA; Sidon Konyani, the Centre for Social Research, Zomba, Malawi, James Kaphuka, the National Statis- tical Office, Zomba, Malawi; and Dixie Maluwa- Banda, University of Malawi, Chancellor College, Zomba, Malawi.

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  • As an academic who teaches courses on performance measurement and public sector accountability, I continually ask myself, and my students, questions about government performance.

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  • The Wisconsin Family Health Survey (FHS) collects information about health insurance coverage, health status, health problems and use of health care services among Wisconsin residents. This survey began in 1989 and has been conducted annually since then. This report is based on responses collected in 2008, the same year that the BadgerCare Plus health insurance program was implemented (February 2008). The survey results presented in this report are representative of Wisconsin household residents, who constitute approximately 97 percent of all persons residing in the state.

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  • Our first new result is that risk-based models fit the stock return comove- ments between our portfoliosmuch better than theHeston–Rouwenhorstmodel does. In particular, the APT and a Fama–French (1998) type model with global and regional factors fit the data particularly well. Second, in examining time trends in country return correlations, we find a significant upward trend for stock return correlations only within Europe.

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  • Typically, the response rate in a direct marketing campaign is low. It is not unusual to see a response rate of less than 5%. As a result, the size of the “responder” class tends to be much smaller than the size of the “non-responder” class. Such situation where the class distribution is significantly skewed toward one of the classes is commonly known as the class imbalance problem [Jap00]. The more interesting class is usually the smaller class.

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  • It would add up to a major record of EU action before the June 2014 European Parliament elections. In 2013 the Commission will devote much effort to implementation as an immediate way of delivering on the benefits of EU action.

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  • Or consider what our great grandfathers thought about the mountains, which we now consider so scenic. 4 They were 'monstrous excrescences of nature'. 5 God originally made the world a smooth sphere happily habitable for the original humans; but, alas, humans sinned, and the earth was warped in punishment. Thomas Burnet is repelled by these 'ruines of a broken World', 'wild, vast and indigested heaps of Stones and Earth' that resulted when 'con- fusion came into Nature'. 6 John Donne called them 'warts, and pock-holes in the face of th'earth'. 7 Now we know better.

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  • The strategic direction contained in the Medium-term Strategy provides a clear, results-based focus for UNEP programmes of work. This focus will enable UNEP to deliver on its mandate more effectively by building on its existing expertise and comparative advantage in a limited number of priority areas. UNEP has identified six cross-cutting thematic priorities. Delivering tangible results against each of the priorities will be the focus of its efforts in the period 2010–2013.

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  • One possibility is that states in which saving rates are highest introduced mandatory education earlier than others did. The main defence is that a dummy in the individual savings regression for whether the state ever imposed compulsory education is not significant. The interpretation of this observation is that states that imposed mandatory education do not have different intrinsic saving rates relative to the others. This is only partially convincing in countering the argument that what might matter is not whether a mandate was imposed but when it was.

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  • Estimating the results of legislative proposals to expand health insurance coverage is challenging, partly because there is so little empirical evidence concerning individual people’s responsiveness to health insurance mandates. Since 2007, adults in Massachusetts have been required to have health insurance or face penalties for noncompliance, but it may be too soon to infer the effect of mandates from that experience. Moreover, that experience itself could be unique to Massachusetts.

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  • Some analysts have wondered why uninsured people would purchase health insurance as the result of a mandate (Cassidy, 2010; Kling, 2010). After all, for many people the penalty would cost less (at least in the very short-term) than a policy. Health insurance mandates differ from some other requirements, such as the requirement to pay taxes: In exchange for compliance, enrollees individually receive a tangible good—health insurance—that they value. Health economics provides a framework for considering how changes in the price of health insurance affect coverage.

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  • In recognition of the importance of establishing gender equality around the world, the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) was established as a separate fund within the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in 1984. At that time, the General Assembly instructed it to “ensure women’s involvement with mainstream activities.”3 The Platform of Action resulting from the 1995 Beijing World Conference on Women expanded this concept, calling it “gender mainstreaming”—i.e.

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  • In general, pregnant women’s access to HIV testing is high due to the implementation in 2001 of a national policy mandating that all pregnant women be offered an HIV test at the first level of health care. However, one result of Argentina’s federal system is that there are great disparities around the country in terms of health care availability and quality, including in regard to prevention of vertical transmission coverage and services. In some cities fewer than 70 percent of pregnant women take an HIV test prior to going into labour2 .

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  • Although health economics provides a useful starting point for such analyses of coverage, the ultimate effect of a mandate is not easily reduced to, and in fact could differ from, the predicted effect of treating penalty amounts as dollar-for-dollar equivalents to subsidies. People can respond to penalties and subsidies differently and in ways that are not considered in standard health economics models.

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  • The Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) is an affiliate of ASRM. Its membership includes more than 90% of American fertility clinics. SART has strict membership requirements. As a condition of membership, clinics must report their outcomes to the CDC as well as to SART, have accredited embryology laboratories, adhere to the Ethics and Practice Committee guidelines of ASRM, and have appropriately trained staff. Failure to adhere to these criteria can result in revocation of membership.

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  • The National Research Council was mandated by the government to research the use of space-based observation of the earth in order to determine environmental changes. The committees were asked to determine the questions that should be addressed, taking into account the intended federal and local agencies that would use the data acquired. They then had to prioritize the experiments and observations knowing that it will be impossible to fund them all. The results make extremely sobering reading.

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  • We also Önd evidence of a political economy story. We were motivated to pursue this story by the failure of a legislative bill in the Greek Parliament in 2010. The idea of the bill was to mandate tax audits for reported income below a minimum amount, targeted at eleven select occupations. The occupations line up almost perfectly with our results: doctors, dentists, veterinarians, lawyers, architects, engineers, topographer engineers, economists, Örm consultants and accountants.

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  • Program Director Michele Cohen maintains “consulting a conservator in the process of designing a public sculpture is a precautionary measure which can only result in a more durable finished product. We can’t foresee all problems, but we can certainly minimize them by thoroughly investigating materials and fabrication methods.” Preserving the integrity of the artwork should be the highest priority during the design process. In the United States, federal and state laws address issues of preservation and artists’ and moral rights.

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  • As a result of enforcement actions and settlements for noncompliance with federal pollution control requirements, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that, for FY2011, regulated entities committed to invest an estimated $19.0 billion for judicially mandated pollution controls and cleanup, and for implementing mutually agreed upon (supplemental) environmentally beneficial projects. EPA estimates that these efforts achieved commitments to reduce, treat, or eliminate 1.8 billion pounds of pollutants in the environment, primarily from air and water.

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  • In the late 1980’s, a considerable amount of research addressing the effects of acidic deposition was begun, much of it related to the Congressionally mandated National Atmospheric Precipitation Assessment Program (NAPAP). As a result of the 10-year NAPAP program, effects on human health, materials, structures, visibility and terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems were evaluated. As a result of NAPAP funded research, negative effects of acidic deposition were documented on freshwater lakes in the Adirondacks and on the red spruce of the Adirondacks and northern Appalachians....

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